Asking "why" helps students explain how they reached a particular answer. Ask students to paraphrase information Paraphrasing is a powerful tool that helps students assimilate and rethink information. It turns them into active learners and it helps the tutor check to see if the student genuinely understands the material. Encourage questions from students Students who ask questions are active-learners. They are taking charge of their learning and often overcoming little voices that say something akin to "People will think I'm stupid if I ask.
Educational exchanges happen when people ask questions, no matter how blighted the questions may seem. Offer materials for students to keep Reviewing material is important for memory retention. Additionally, when you give or lend materials to students, this bolsters their motivation to study. Use the photocopier to make copies. Drill for rote learning while walking Rhythm leads to clearer thinking. This is a good technique to use when students need to memorize material such as vocabulary, formulas, and algorithms.
Allow frequent breaks Studying is exercise for the brain. And as with all exercising, the body and mind need a break. Allow a few minutes for the student to get water and go to the bathroom after 30 to 45 minute intervals. We do not encourage Tutors to sign long texts aloud from course materials but rather encourage Tutors to have students sign the material themselves.
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When they read aloud they are in fact processing information better than they would if a Tutor signed it for them. Tutors, in turn, can watch the students signing to see if they are accurately restating information. Tutors do at times need to restate information. Prepare students for changes in routine Students are often taken by surprise when a tutor tries something different. It's better for a tutor to inform the student what will happen beforehand so that the student remains comfortable and focused on the tutoring session. Show information in different ways Although this is less true these days, a student occasionally will come across education material that weighs heavily on reading and very little on visuals.
Use text, graphs, charts, and drawings to stimulate your student's visual comprehension of the material. Conversely, but less common, some students retain information better through text than through pictures. Be sure to observe your students and identify learning styles that work well for them. Use technology We live in the Information Age because of technology.
Technology has given people different avenues of acquiring knowledge. It is a huge improvement over the traditional "read-text-for-hours-or-else-you-fail" approach of the bygone days. Allow technology to enhance your tutoring sessions. Take advantage of the internet, course-related software, high speed photocopiers, and videophones to work with your students.
Reading Techniques Highlight important information Have student scan textbook, chapters, bold print, and pictures to come up with an idea of what the author s will say. What does course title mean? Look at table of contents to see how it is organized. For instance, most biology texts are divided into two major parts "How does this chapter fit into this book?
What are they telling you? How are they related to the topic?
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A good way to approach this technique is to ask the student Discuss vocabulary before reading Familiarity with essential vocabulary words helps students read more fluidly and confidently. Use highlighter to identify key words or phrases Not everyone likes their text marked with a highlighter. If this doesn't appeal to your students, then encourage them to isolate important information in their notes, jot notes in their text, or use post-it notes. Let them read to you and you watch how they convey information.
You may begin to see where they are struggling or missing important information. Jot notes in text Not everyone likes their text marked with notes. If this doesn't appeal to your students, then encourage them to isolate important information in their notebook, use post-it notes, or highlighting. Discuss review questions Reading through the review questions before reading the chapter helps students get a feel for what the author and their teacher want students to learn. Have students take notes while reading Taking notes helps students commit information to memory.
Notes should include questions students have as they read as well as identifying information they need to review later. Openly discuss material on hand Tutors probe, students answer. In other words let the students do most of the talking and the tutors do most of the guiding. Use sketches, maps, flow charts Visual images often help students see what a stream of words cannot. This is a highly effective technique. When is the paper due? What does the teacher want you to do? Ask the student two or more subject-centered questions about their topic What do you already know?
What do you need to find out? What is your thesis? Create a time line Use pre-writing strategies brainstorming, mapping, outlining, jotting notes http: This is a popular technique used for isolating math steps. Do flowcharting, diagramming Words don't always say enough. Clearly showing the relationship between numbers and objects through visual aids really helps students understand how mathematicians and scientists have come to certain answers. Use flashcards Index cards help isolate information and allow students to flip through them often.
Use graph paper instead of lined-paper Remember when you made a math mistake because your numbers weren't lined up clearly?
Most schools in Europe and Australia require students to use graph paper because graph paper lines information up both vertically and horizontally. It helps students organize and see their information better. Graph paper is sold in the Gallaudet Bookstore. Let students touch and handle instructional materials Familiarity with a tool helps students better understand how it is used. And it reduces feelings of alienation. Use stimulation Stimulation like board games and computer activities allow students to practice a particular skill without worrying about consequences.
Do hands-on activities Most of us are tactile learners. We acquire information as we touch objects and try to figure out how they work. Supplement materials with art notebooks, coloring books Some texts have a supplemental book with clear drawings and visual-based activities for students. Anatomy coloring books are a hit with college students. GallaudetU Follow us on Instagram.
This will allow them to learn how to solve diverse problems on their own. Listen to your students. A good tutor knows how to listen to their students and respond to their specific needs. This kind of attention to detail will help you retain existing clients. Tailor your lessons to each student — targeting their specific weaknesses and areas that need improvement.
This way, you can focus on the aspects that the student needs the most help with to maximize the benefit for them. Make your lessons interesting and interactive for repeat customers. In a good lesson, the students will do much of the work — you will simply guide them through the process. Get a tutoring certification if possible. It helps to attain recognition of your qualifications by being actively involved in the knowledge or discipline you are representing, by degree or other official documentation, or by both.
Many non-profit organizations look to fill volunteer tutoring positions and sometimes will offer tutor training for free or at a low cost which can help you gain experience as a tutor. In many cases, the parents or students may request that you come to their home for tutoring sessions. If they live a reasonable distance from you, this can work well.
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If they live far away, however, you may want to charge extra for gas money or ask that they meet you at a different location. Tutor students in your home if you have the space and privacy. Sometimes, the parents or students may expect you to provide a location for tutoring. You can invite them to come to your home for convenience and to save yourself the commute. However, you will need to create a designated tutoring area and keep the space tidy. However, these locations could be crowded or noisy.
One more step
Talk to teachers you know. Contact teachers and school counselors at local schools, especially those that teach the subject you are planning to tutor in. Ask them if they can tell students who currently need help about your services. Advertise in your community. Try to post advertisements for your tutoring services in places that parents will see them. Consider posting your ads on bulletin boards at local schools, the public library, daycare centers, or even recreational places where kids often hang out. Make sure that you always get permission from the property owner before posting an advertisement.
There are many ways to advertise your tutoring skills online. You can post on social media about your availability as a tutor. Or you can post advertisements on various website platforms to garner more interest in your budding business. But be careful if you choose to advertise on Craigslist. The website is a great way to connect with local people, but it is notorious for scams. If you find a potential client from Craigslist, make sure that you meet in public for the first few meetings.
Register for online tutoring directories. Many parents or students looking for a tutor will do an online search. Registering for online directories, like care. These sites are usually free, and you need only provide your basic information, education, experience, and skills. Word of mouth recommendations are a great way to increase your client list when you first start tutoring.
You might even consider volunteering to tutor for a little while so that your acquaintances can test you out and help you build a reputation. Start working for a tutoring company. If you are nervous about being able to find your own clients, you may want to consider working at a professional tutoring company at first. There are plenty of online and in-person tutoring companies that will employ tutors and pay them. Identify the going rate. In order to be taken seriously and viewed as a professional, you should charge a competitive price for your services.
Charging too little or too much will make you seem outside of the competitive pool, and therefore hinder your ability to find work. If you are highly qualified with a master's degree, for example , you could charge at the upper end of the spectrum, possibly even more. Ask other tutors you know how much they charge for their services.
Do an online search to gather information about how much other tutors in your area charge. Sign up for online payment options. If you go into business for yourself, you should consider opening an online payment account to make it easy for your clients to pay you in whatever way is most convenient for them. Being able to offer credit card acceptance could make the difference between getting a client or not.
There are several options for this, including PayPal and Venmo. If you have a PayPal option, this might make things much easier for the parents. This often translates to repeat customers. Insist on payment after each tutoring session. Be sure that your clients stay up-to-date on their payments. You should get paid for each session at the beginning or end of that session. How knowledgeable do you have to be in the given subject?
I know this is a somewhat obvious question and I have tutored GCSE students before in maths with good results. If there is a large gap in ability between yourself and your student, you may be able to get away with tutoring a subject you are not an expert in. For example, I am not particularly amazing at math but I would feel comfortable tutoring a 4th grader in arithmetic. However, I would not feel comfortable teaching a college student calculus.
Just be honest with yourself and your students about how well versed you are in a given subject and let them decide whether they feel you are an appropriately educated tutor. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. Ask the parent if they are struggling with a certain topic, such as switching letters in the alphabet. Not Helpful 3 Helpful No, in most areas, you do not need a license or certificate to be a tutor.
Not Helpful 8 Helpful As long as you have the knowledge, age doesn't matter. But some websites that let tutors to sign up say the teacher needs to be at least At school though, being the same age as your peers is often fine. Yes, because you don't have to be certified. Try tutoring students anywhere from 4th grade to 7th grade. Not Helpful 1 Helpful As long as you have the skill and brains to teach someone, you'll do fine.
Not Helpful 4 Helpful I have a master's degree in deaf education, as well as experience in special education and sign language. I'm interested in finding under the table work. I don't like finding work on Craigslist.
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Is there anywhere else I can look? Many sites don't require formal training or experience, you just advertise yourself and try to get a client. If you're new, I would suggest you only take one person on to begin with to see how you do. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 4.