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This is a celebration of human bravery, kindness, and ingenuity—of people who triumphed over tragedy.

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Images of America Images: The Troy Historical Society members who compiled this book include Judy Deeter, president and local history writer; Rick Jackson, trustee-at-large, antique dealer, photographer, and photograph collector; and Patrick Kennedy, archivist for the Troy-Miami County Public Library and columnist for the Troy Daily News.

More about this book. Indiana governor Samuel M. Ralston appealed to Indiana cities and other states for relief assistance.

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Many communities cared for their own flood victims with Red Cross assistance, charitable donations, and contributions from local businesses, industries, and service organizations. The storms that created the floods in continued over several days and produced record-breaking rain. It remains Ohio's "largest weather disaster" [1] and triggered Indiana's worst flood on record.

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Dayton's downtown streets experienced water 10 feet 3. Downstream in nearby Hamilton, Ohio , about people died after water 10 to 18 feet 3. The weather pattern that triggered heavy rains over the Midwest began after strong Canadian winds stalled a high-pressure system off Bermuda and delayed the normal easterly flow of a low-pressure system. As moist air from the Gulf of Mexico moved into the Midwest through the Mississippi River valley, a second Canadian high-pressure system arrived from the west and squeezed the low into a trough that stretched from southern Illinois, across central Indiana, and into northern Ohio.

At least two low-pressure systems moving in quick succession along the trough dumped one rainstorm after another.


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Other factors contributing to the extensive flooding were the storm's size, its duration, and existing ground conditions. Rivers and streams affected by the flood were at near normal or below flood stage levels two days prior to the major flooding in Indiana and Ohio. Some experts argue that the ground may have become quickly saturated, resulting in runoff and flash flooding.

Great Flood of 1913

The area's rivers experienced heavy runoff, especially along the Muskingum , Scioto , Great Miami , and Wabash rivers. The Scioto River basin in central Ohio recorded a flood level of 21 feet 6. High waters continued to flow south to the Gulf of Mexico, causing some levees to fail in Arkansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri.

The storm system that produced the flood in late March began with a typical winter storm pattern, but soon developed special characteristics that promoted heavy precipitation. In the immediate aftermath of the floods businesses and factories shut down, schools closed, government services were disrupted, and train travel was delayed or stopped throughout the Midwest.

Newspapers in many communities were not published during the storm. Theaters around the country were showing pictures of the flood devastation in Dayton and other Ohio cities and tornado damage in Omaha, Nebraska, within weeks after the disaster. In , years before the federal government provided significant disaster relief, state and local communities handled their own disaster response and relief. The American Red Cross was still a small organization in March , with a few full-time employees at its headquarters in Washington, D.

Wilson also sent telegrams to the governors of Ohio and Indiana asking how the federal government might help. Ralston did not receive President Wilson's telegram offering federal support due to flood-damaged communications.

Cox replied to the president with a request for tents, rations, supplies, and physicians and sent a telegram to the Red Cross requesting its assistance in Dayton and surrounding communities. Red Cross agents and nurses focused their efforts in of Ohio's hardest-hit communities, which included Dayton, primarily along Ohio's major rivers. The Red Cross had less of a presence in Indiana, where it established a temporary headquarters in Indianapolis and served the six hardest-hit Indiana counties.

Cox, who was also the publisher of the Dayton Daily News , provided the press with daily briefings and appeals for donations.

Troy and the Great Flood of by Troy Historical Society | Arcadia Publishing Books

Ralson appointed a trustee to receive relief funds and arrange for distribution of supplies. Approximately one-half of Indiana's counties cared for their own flood victims. Railroads, most notably "the Big Four , the Pennsylvania Lines , and the Vandalia ," put their equipment at the Indiana governor's disposal and had work crews rebuild the state's rail network.

The Rotary Club of Indianapolis, chartered just a few weeks before the flood, and the Rotary Club of Dayton, chartered six months earlier, assisted relief efforts within their communities by helping to provide medical support, transportation, and shelter. Other Rotary clubs in the United States and Canada donated funds, supplies, and medicine. The exact death toll from the flood and its aftermath may never be known. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Jun 21, Texas rated it really liked it.

Greatest Natural Disaster in Ohio History, Dayton Flood of 1913

This book is about my home town Troy, Ohio and I know many of the families mentioned in it. Linda Zantene rated it it was amazing Mar 08, Bob rated it really liked it Oct 01, Dean rated it it was amazing Dec 04, Kept falling asleep never again. Never never again Oh my!. Tana rated it really liked it Feb 15, Angela Stull marked it as to-read Jun 02, Christopher York marked it as to-read Jun 16, Lara marked it as to-read Feb 07, Jessica added it May 20,