He was taught drawing by one Saemann, and counterpoint by a Polish organist named Podbieski, who was to be the prototype of Abraham Liscot in Kater Murr. Ernst showed great talent for piano-playing, and busied himself with writing and drawing.
The provincial setting was not, however, conducive to technical progress, and despite his many-sided talents he remained relatively ignorant, both of classical forms and of the new artistic ideas that were then developing in Germany. Around he became friends with Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel , the son of a pastor and well-known writer friend of Immanuel Kant. In , both attended some of Kant's lectures at the University. Their friendship, although often tested by a widening social gulf, was to be life-long. In , Hoffmann fell in love with Dora Hatt, a married woman to whom he had given music lessons.
She was ten years older, and in gave birth to her sixth child. In February , her family protested against his attentions, and, with his faltering consent, they asked another of his uncles to arrange employment for him in Glogau. After passing further examinations he visited Dresden , where he was amazed by the paintings in the gallery, particularly those of Correggio and Raphael.
In the summer of his uncle was promoted to a court in Berlin , and the three of them moved there in August — Hoffmann's first residence in a large city. It was there that Hoffmann first attempted to promote himself as a composer, writing an operetta called Die Maske and sending a copy to Queen Luise of Prussia. The official reply advised to him to write to the director of the Royal Theater, a man named Iffland. This was the first time he had lived without supervision by members of his family, and he started to become "what school principals, parsons, uncles, and aunts call dissolute.
It was immediately deduced who had drawn them, and complaints were made to authorities in Berlin, who were reluctant to punish the promising young official. Hoffmann despaired over his exile, and drew caricatures of himself drowning in mud alongside ragged villagers.
Собрание сочинений в шести томах
He did make use, however, of his isolation, by writing and composing. He started a diary on October 1, Hoffmann's play was called Der Preis "The Prize" , and was itself about a competition to write a play. There were 14 entries, but none was judged worthy of the award: Nevertheless, his entry was singled out for praise. At the beginning of he obtained a post in Warsaw. On his way there, he passed through his hometown and met one of Dora Hatt's daughters.
Hoffmann assimilated well in Polish society; the years spent in Poland he recognized as the happiest in his life. In Warsaw he found the same atmosphere he had enjoyed in Berlin, renewing his friendship with Zacharias Werner, and meeting his future biographer, a neighbor and fellow jurist called Julius Eduard Itzig who changed his name to Hitzig after his baptism.
These relatively late introductions marked his work profoundly. Unfortunately, his fortunate position was not to last: They divided the contents of the treasury between them and fled. A delay of six months was caused by severe illness. Eventually the French authorities demanded that all former officials swear allegiance or leave the country.
As they refused to grant him a passport to Vienna, he was forced to return to Berlin. He visited his family in Posen before arriving in Berlin on June 18, , hoping to further his career there as an artist and writer. The next fifteen months were some of the worst in Hoffmann's life. The city of Berlin was also occupied by Napoleon 's troops, and it was in vain that he tried to pick up the pieces. Obtaining only meagre allowances, he had frequent recourse to his friends, constantly borrowing money and still going hungry for days at a time; he learned that his daughter had died.
Nevertheless, he managed to compose his Six Canticles for a cappella choir: On 1 September he arrived with his wife in Bamberg, where he took up a position as theater manager. Hoffmann was unable to improve standards of performance, and his efforts led to intrigues against him which resulted in him losing his job to Cuno.
He began work as music critic for the Allgemeinen musikalischen Zeitung, a newspaper in Leipzig. It was in its pages that the "Kapellmeister Johannes Kreisler" character made his first appearance. Hoffmann's breakthrough came in , with the publication of Ritter Gluck, a story about a madman who believes he is the composer Christoph Willibald Gluck Sie sind treffsichere Pfeile auf das Verborgene in der Gesellschaft und damit im besten Sinne modern.
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Eventually Meister Floh was published with the offending passages removed. Hoffmann died of syphilis in Berlin on 25 June at the age of Hoffmann is one of the best-known representatives of German Romanticism , and a pioneer of the fantasy genre, with a taste for the macabre combined with realism that influenced such authors as Edgar Allan Poe — , Nikolai Gogol   — , Charles Dickens — , Charles Baudelaire — , George MacDonald — ,  Fyodor Dostoevsky — , Vernon Lee ,  Franz Kafka — and Alfred Hitchcock — The twentieth-century Russian literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin characterised Hoffmann's works as Menippea , essentially satirical and self-parodying in form, thus including him in a tradition that includes Cervantes , Diderot and Voltaire.
Hoffmann also influenced 19th-century musical opinion directly through his music criticism. His reviews of Beethoven 's Symphony No. Schriften zur Musik; Nachlese and have been made available in an English translation in E. Hoffmann strove for artistic polymathy. He created far more in his works than mere political commentary achieved through satire. His masterpiece novel Lebensansichten des Katers Murr The Life and Opinions of Tomcat Murr , — deals with such issues as the aesthetic status of true artistry and the modes of self-transcendence that accompany any genuine endeavour to create.
Hoffmann's portrayal of the character Kreisler a genius musician is wittily counterpointed with the character of the tomcat Murr — a virtuoso illustration of artistic pretentiousness that many of Hoffmann's contemporaries found offensive and subversive of Romantic ideals.
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Hoffmann's literature indicates the failings of many so-called artists to differentiate between the superficial and the authentic aspects of such Romantic ideals. The self-conscious effort to impress must, according to Hoffmann, be divorced from the self-aware effort to create. This essential duality in Kater Murr is conveyed structurally through a discursive 'splicing together' of two biographical narratives.
While disagreeing with E. Bleiler 's claim that Hoffman was "one of the two or three greatest writers of fantasy", Algis Budrys of Galaxy Science Fiction said that he "did lay down the groundwork for some of our most enduring themes".
- Keeping Hope Alive: For a Tomorrow We Cannot Control.
- I Think Im a Ghost, Sir!.
- The Little Flowers of St. Francis of Assisi!
Historian Martin Willis argues that Hoffmann's impact on science fiction has been overlooked, saying "his work reveals a writer dynamically involved in the important scientific debates of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Hoffmann's work makes a considerable contribution to our understanding of the emergence of scientific knowledge in the early years of the nineteenth century and to the conflict between science and magic, centred mainly on the 'truths' available to the advocates of either practice.
Hoffmann's balancing of mesmerism , mechanics, and magic reflects the difficulty in categorizing scientific knowledge in the early nineteenth century. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the orchestra conductor, see Ernst Hoffmann conductor.
- Europe in the Sixteenth Century (Blackwell History of Europe);
- Z-2: A Tale of the Zombie Apocalypse.
- Make Over Your Marketing: 12 Months of Marketing for Salon and Spa?
For a more comprehensive list, see E. Bleiler , Supernatural Fiction Writers: Hoffmann also profoundly influenced the development of European Gothic horror in the nineteenth century Das Leben eines skeptischen Phantasten. Carl Hanser, Munich, Allen and Unwin, p. Ohio University Press, Hoffmann, Italien und die romantische Auffassung der Musik , in S.
- E. T. A. Hoffmann!
- Unendlicher Spaß: Infinite Jest. Roman (German Edition).
Hoffmann und Italien , Heidelberg, Winter, , S. Mesmerists, Monsters, and Machines: Kent State University Press. Abovian Alencar Alfieri Andersen A. Austrian writers German writers Liechtenstein writers Swiss writers in German.
Собрание сочинений в шести томах by E.T.A. Hoffmann
Jurist , author, composer, music critic, artist.