Guide Ancient Stories of the HODJA

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His tales have been translated into dozens of languages including English, Russian, German, French, etc. His humour and witty jokes were inclusive of daily life irrespective of surroundings: His wife, the neighbourhood residents, women, muslim judges and donkey's were common points of witty jokes. Even though the figures do not resemble the Nasreddin Hodja as we know it, the Chinese "Afanti" comics has also seen great interest.

Also Nasreddin Hodja is not only documented in Uigur culture but also in Chinese culture. It is not known in which way the stories of Nasreddin Hodja reached East Turkistan. The Chinese have educated their children regarding including propaganda for the regime.

The legend of Nasruddin Hodja is alive and well

Till today the memory of Nasreddin Hodja is alive and people still take a great interest in his stories. The legend of Nasruddin Hodja is alive and well Nasruddin Hodja was populist philosopher and wise man who is remembered across many cultures for his funny stories and anecdotes. He was sent to Anatolia by the Khalif in Baghdad to organize resistance and uprising against the Mongol invasion.

This explains why he addresses judicial problems in the jokes not only religious ones. During the turmoil of the Mongol invasion he became a political opponent of Persian Rumi. He was addressed in Masnavi by juha anecdotes for this reason.


He became the vazir at the court of Kaykaus II. Having lived in numerous cities in vast area and being steadfastly against the Mongol invasion as well as having his witty character, he was embraced by various nations and cultures from Turkey to Arabia, from Persia to Afghanistan, and from Russia to China, most of which suffered from those invasions.

As generations have gone by, new stories have been added to the Nasreddin corpus, others have been modified, and he and his tales have spread to many regions. The themes in the tales have become part of the folklore of a number of nations and express the national imaginations of a variety of cultures. Although most of them depict Nasreddin in an early small-village setting, the tales deal with concepts that have a certain timelessness.

They purvey a pithy folk wisdom that triumphs over all trials and tribulations. The oldest manuscript of Nasreddin dates to Today, Nasreddin stories are told in a wide variety of regions, especially across the Muslim world and have been translated into many languages. Some regions independently developed a character similar to Nasreddin, and the stories have become part of a larger whole.

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In many regions, Nasreddin is a major part of the culture, and is quoted or alluded to frequently in daily life. Since there are thousands of different Nasreddin stories, one can be found to fit almost any occasion. Some people say that, whilst uttering what seemed madness, he was, in reality, divinely inspired, and that it was not madness but wisdom that he uttered.

Will the Real Nasreddin Please Stand Up

Victory of the Deen and Nazaruddin. It is sometime preceded or followed by a title or honorific used in the corresponding cultures: In several cultures he is named by the title alone. Juha was originally a separate folk character found in Arabic literature as early as the 9th century, and was widely popular by the 11th century. In the Swahili and Indonesian culture, many of his stories are being told under the name of "Abunuwasi" or "Abunawas", though this confuses Nasreddin with an entirely different man — the poet Abu Nuwas , known for homoerotic verse.

The Uyghurs believe that he was from Xinjiang , while the Uzbeks believe he was from Bukhara. The musical Nasirdin Apandim features the legend of Nasreddin effendi "sir, lord" , largely sourced from Uighur folklore.

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In Central Asia, he is commonly known as "Afandi". The Central Asian peoples also claim his local origin, as do Uyghurs. The Nasreddin stories are known throughout the Middle East and have touched cultures around the world. Superficially, most of the Nasreddin stories may be told as jokes or humorous anecdotes. They are told and retold endlessly in the teahouses and caravanserais of Asia and can be heard in homes and on the radio.

Nasreddin Hodja

But it is inherent in a Nasreddin story that it may be understood at many levels. There is the joke, followed by a moral and usually the little extra which brings the consciousness of the potential mystic a little further on the way to realization. Nasreddin was the main character in a magazine, called simply Molla Nasraddin , published in Azerbaijan and "read across the Muslim world from Morocco to Iran". The eight-page Azerbaijani satirical periodical was published in Tiflis from to , Tabriz in and Baku from to in the Azeri and occasionally Russian languages.

Nasreddin Hodja

Founded by Jalil Mammadguluzadeh , it depicted inequality , cultural assimilation , and corruption and ridiculed the backward lifestyles and values of clergy and religious fanatics, [26] implicitly calling upon the readers to modernize and accept Western social norms and practices. Some Nasreddin tales also appear in collections of Aesop's fables.

The miller, his son and the donkey is one example. In some Bulgarian folk tales that originated during the Ottoman period, the name appears as an antagonist to a local wise man, named Sly Peter. In Romanian , the existing stories come from an verse compilation edited by Anton Pann , a philologist and poet renowned for authoring the current Romanian anthem. Nasreddin is mostly known as a character from short tales; whole novels and stories have later been written and production began on a never-completed animated feature film.

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Disturber of the Peace", [36]. The composer Shostakovich celebrated Nasreddin, among other figures, in the second movement Yumor , "Humor" of his Symphony No. The text, by Yevgeny Yevtushenko , portrays humor as a weapon against dictatorship and tyranny. Shostakovich's music shares many of the "foolish yet profound" qualities of Nasreddin's sayings listed above. The Graeco-Armenian mystic G.