On a related note, referencing back to your original post, I met Chris Hadfield shortly after his return from commanding the ISS. He had just finished a morning run with his wife but was lamenting the fact that he was going to miss an entire season of water-skiing because his bones had not recovered enough strength. Not my favorite KSR book, I think is the safe thing to say. It tripped over too many of the details to really enjoy it, or even do more than skim read after awhile. An etched nickel disk? Naked eye readable on the outer edge, getting smaller as you go in fairly quickly, so that you need a x magnifier to read most of it.
I guess we are in disagreement then. I find repair at cellular level entirely plausible within several centuries, and far more plausible than non-destructive mind upload. Insofar as 1Kg of matter is roughly equivalent to 21 megatons if you convert it into hard radiation instantly. Oh, and you know what else? And the waste heat problem is a stone pain in the ass hint: And the interstellar medium is equivalent to a hard radiation bath at that speed — stationary electrons hit like hard gamma radiation.
Turns out you can track expansionist interstellar polities by the expanding wave-front of anomalous supernovae I agree that repair at a cellular level more likely to be feasible. But there is increasing evidence that physical aging is not simply a matter of cellular damage, but is intimately tied up with several systems that must not be compromised, including the immune system, damage repair system and ability to train. The mental aspects are, if anything, worse. For example, there are very good reasons to believe that any system that must be able to adapt by changing itself as the human brain does is either going to have a limited lifetime or is going to get out of control.
Hadfield and other astronauts had some major immune system issues. Need full-time data editor on board - probably best handled by an AI supervised by a few humans. Has the ISS ever even tried to see what happens to the station if there's prolonged rhythmic pounding in one section? Probably something that should first be modeled on a really good computer. However, there should probably be some museum or well-maintained cache of older tech just I case.
Maybe we need to look at slow fuel-free re-entry gliders which means you reduce the amount of fuel you need. Which if any are sensitive to changes in gravity? If you can keep these bacteria happy and on schedule, you can probably also keep the poop running on schedule. Ditto snacking and festive occasions. Yes, some individual variation, but on the whole diet and poop could be managed.
Lastly, this is probably the best argument for having larger rather than smaller numbers of people on a spaceship. From the Netherlands post-WW2 study we know that the size of a child can be safely reduced via prenatal nutrition: Biggest nutrition demands per kilo are pregnant women and growing children and should not be messed with. Biodegradable bamboo based textiles?
Broken limbs — unlikely in space unless some really bad accident. I'll chime in on the economics of space travel. I'll also be restricting myself to the inner solar system for this discussion. The biggest problem I have with economic arguments for space colonization is that most were made in the 60s and 70s. In other words, they were crafted when the economy was driven mostly by industrial work. While services dominated as a portion of GDP, they were dependent on the factories and couldn't really sustain the local economy to the extent they do now.
This was proven by the problems de-industrialization caused in the 80s and 90s. One of the reasons space tourism wasn't viewed as important back then is that it wasn't as important economically. It's not like today when tourism is hollowing out cities.
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I'm assuming the workload in a year drops s. If that happens, humans could end up colonizing whatever is within that travel time. So, a perfectly good scientific reason to not go into FTL near near being defined as, say, within the orbit of Neptune? Re SG-1 - hey, you're dealing with servants and slaves who are very low-tech, late neolithic to early bronze age. You want to make sure the appropriate ones can read it.
I mean, it's not like you want to give them higher tech, I mean, look where that leads, they start building weapons and shooting back at you! I'm surprised that there isn't a TV Trope somewhere, an engineer is crying. You'd spend decades and billions training a workforce to produce the most advanced computing equipment known to humanity, along with global supply chains and huge manufacturing infrastructure. Then, when the market was saturated with these devices, you'd let the entire thing go to waste, tell everybody that their computer engineering degrees are worthless and to go, I don't know, be biochemists, or greeters at Walmart.
Then, when the equipment you made this way starts falling apart three generations later, you'd ask someone else to do it all again before it was too late?
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Mind you, the alternative can be just as brutal. Take a look at the NRA, the advertising and lobbying arm of the American gun industry with some, ahem, investments from overseas. Their problem was that not very long ago, the US gun market was saturated with really well-made guns that could last generations.
There wasn't a big war on, the CCCP had collapsed, and gun manufacturers were going out of business. Well, a bunch of things, like taking over a rather banal non-profit that sponsored gun safety courses and turning them into a fulminating right-wing political action group to scare everybody into buying more guns, work unstintingly to make controlling any sort of guns as difficult as possible, and foster international politics that favored mass gun purchases overseas, all the while making guns that were addictively fun to use on the firing range, customizable to attract users into buying all sorts of after-market extras , and above all, not durable.
It's worked, sort of: I won't draw the parallels between what the NRA does and what the computer industry does, because that might be controversial. The point is that you've got two bad alternatives. One is to have a boom-bust tech cycle that costs huge amounts and ruins lives. The other is to have a Red Queen forced innovation race that keeps skilled people employed, at huge cost and ruining lives.
Trying to get away from the huge cost and ruining lives part of these alternatives seems is one of the core sustainability challenges going forward, because it's not just guns and computers that face these problems. Thanks to both of you. It ain't what you don't know that causes the trouble; it's what you know for sure that ain't so. The challenge of space tourism is that space travel is on a scale with cave diving in terms of safety. Yes, in an emergency, you can get ten people out of a cave with a few days of training, but that was properly considered a heroic feat.
Right now, tourists can go into space as live cargo with a large bank account, provided they pass a six month training course. This plays into the general problem of generation ships, but basically, when you see proposals for space tourism or even settling other planets, substitute "cave diving" for "space travel," and see if it still makes sense. Please clarify - I'm not sure whether you're fer or agin sending our most tech-advanced space-can filled with highly educated and motivated folk and insisting that they hold 'holy' some Victorian-era industrialist's version of economics, i.
More relevant is that if these space-faring tech folk are that bright, they will probably be overwhelmed with things to invent once they get out into space because reality tends to be stranger than whatever the quickie space survey showed if a survey was even conducted. Then you're faced with the problem that none of your techs want to waste their time servicing old tech.
Then, when the market was saturated with these devices, you'd let the entire thing go to waste,. We have a worked example of your scenario, on national scales at least, the nuclear power reactor construction industry. A country builds a lot of nuclear reactors in a short period the US has a hundred or so reactors, France about 40 nearly all built over a period of 10 to 15 years. After they stop building reactors, having enough for their needs and having built the existing reactors to operate for over half a century at least they lose the recipe and the production lines for parts and the expertise to build more reactors at anything like the rate they did during the first construction boom.
The Chinese are the current matter experts in this industry but they're not building a lot of reactors every year compared to their demand for electricity so it's unlikely they'll saturate their market and stop any time soon they have vague plans for new reactor construction starts out to , over 30 years from now. The other matter experts seem to be the South Koreans who can apparently construct reactors on time and on budget but we don't quite know if the paperwork is up to snuff in their case. While the firearm itself may last for fifty or a hundred years I know some people who are members of the local historic firearms club , barrels wear out.
How long that takes depends upon the ammunition, calibre, and required accuracy. I was going to say "and this is incompatible with basic premises of capitalism", but then realized that piano industry seems to be doing exactly that. How do they manage it? I could be wrong, but I think that, if you look around, you'll find there aren't as many piano manufacturers as there used to be.
More generally, having stable technology isn't hard. People have been doing variations of this since probably before we were fully human. What is hard is trying to deal with things like market saturation, where one solution is to limit the lifespan of your products and keep your work-force occupied in constant change sometimes erroneously called innovation.
One problem I was pointing to is that, for a generation ship, you want constant tech. Ideally you want to have enough clever people that problems can be innovated around as they crop up, but that can't be guaranteed, both because you can't guarantee that you'll have the necessary supplies or infrastructure, or that you will have the brilliant young specialist when you need that person. The bigger problem is that, when generation ship technology starts to become available per Gibson the street will find its own uses for these things, and that is as likely to disrupt industries.
Do I want an affordable gun barrel that can fire a million rounds, or a computer that lasts years? I'm not sure what that would do to Colt's or Apple's bottom line, though.
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That's kind of the point of "scale the production down to just the replacement rate". How did they manage to do it, yet stay in business? Any "robots" capable of acceptably socializing human neonates would be, in fact, human-equivalent general AIs — in which case, why send embryos when there's no human-compatible biosphere at the destination? Don't be surprised when they prosecute you for child abuse Congratulations, you just derived the religious imperative for space colonization — only renamed "religion" as "politics" for most of human history those have been the same thing.
It's actually a prion disease I'm not suggesting that "aging" is a bunch of prion diseases. But there may be multiple comorbidities that only cut in late in the game, some of which have really twisty hereditable mechanisms e. So a general "cure" for senescence may well be a hard problem for "hard" as in "non-destructive mind uploading" hard. But there may be a bunch of treatments that in combination stretch out life expectancy so that we can all expect to live to and get in years of productive work, with the upper limit on safe childbearing age raised to 60 or 70 — which would have really major sociological effects not just the childbearing thing: If you keep the number of years during which people are dependents the same but double our productive lifespan from ages to ages , say then you utterly change the size of the population you need to maintain a complex system.
And you change family and social structures, too. You'd spend decades and billions training a workforce to produce the most advanced computing equipment known to humanity Then, when the market was saturated with these devices, you'd let the entire thing go to waste. This is what actually happened to the US and British nuclear weapons infrastructure.
And I'd call it an unmitigated good if only all the other nuclear weapons powers would do the same. Sorry, I'm somewhat sceptical, bu AFAIR it's somewhat more complicated; please note for your scenario, you'd most likely have the phenomenon of only a maternal history of CJD in the family being determiningr risk for CJD in offspring, e.
No idea if that was already mentioned, but there seems to be some difference in susceptability for other alleles,. Whatever, funny thing about prions, there might be allosteric ligands slowing down misfolding or even dissolving protein aggregates due to misfolded proteins. Might be an interesting context, there are a bunch of genetic syndromes where it could help, e.
Huntigton or the tauopathies. As for why prions etc. It would certainly make major differences to our society, but nothing under several hundreds would help with the interstellar travel problem. Just from looking around right now, I see both ends creeping up. Of course, some of this depends on what one means by "productive.
In our opinion, behind these gravitational effects are altered levels of energy spent by cells to overcome the force of gravity. Opposite trends were observed in experiments with cell cultures in vitro. During space microgravity, fibroblast cultures on the solid substrate decreased the growth rate, and inhibited cell division and migration within the substrate.
Sounds like two opposite things being said: If both are true - depending on cell type - this could really screw up fetal development. DO I want to be employed again? Loadsamoney that I have never had NO: Which is why "We can't get the trained staff" of course. Human Remains departments are total aresholes, but, they do recognise that employing older, experienced people is TROUBLE - because you can't cheat them, or not so easily as people under 25, at any rate. Last year someone leaked a report prepared by a consultant for the principals' federation 1 as background for their bargaining with the government about their working conditions.
Apparently one of the "difficulties" that principals face is an experienced teaching staff, because they are more resistant to directives and less likely to comply with requests to volunteer 2 for extra duties. Likewise conversations with friends in my former profession engineering leads me to believe that there is no 'engineering shortage', but rather a shortage of engineers willing to work for half the pay of the average cop.
I suspect that one reason many engineers leave the profession is that they see there are no real career prospects if they stay in it — the rewards flow mainly to management. Sounds like the situation in Britain is about the same. I wonder if other industrialized countries are the same? The tightened strings wires on a piano exert many tons of force on the piano frame the big metal bit shaped a little like a harp. You can't build poor-quality pianos as they tend to implode, so pianos tend to be over-engineered.
On the other hand, worked stone tends to be quite attractive to people who are building or repairing later stone structures and could do without having to work it themselves. One way around this is to write on a ruddy great big stone, so that people leave it alone in favour of ones they can lift. Even better, you can hoist it up onto the top of a couple more great big stones, so that more determined people are faced with a bigger problem moving it and may also be put off by seeing the squashed remnants of people who tried it before and dropped it.
But even then it still erodes off in a few thousand years and leaves no trace by the time someone guesses what you were trying to do. Australians may have beaten you to this idea, with their habit of writing on every bloody thing they can find then coming back 50, years later to see which bits lasted. Their idea of "on a big rock" includes things that bridge the gap between "geological feature" and "technically it's A rock".
Even the stuff so new that it can be carbon dated is old enough to give archeologists funny ideas Only if you are fool enough to allow the term to have a meaning in the first place. One advantage of the generation ship approach, if you can make it work at all, is that the extremely constrained closed environment makes the foolishness sharply and inescapably apparent, and the generation that eventually gets off at the other end is accordingly likely to have a powerful ingrained cultural bias towards not behaving in such a manner.
The generation ship environment has to be favourable to the propagation of humans, which is not identical with an environment favourable to the propagation of existing cultural demons, and the differences should be sufficient to extinguish most of them. This is increasingly a problem across a whole range of occupations, including police. More than a few problems can be traced to policies of encouraging early retirement in favour new recruits with minimum training.
With police you see a spike in the killing rate, with military it's more symmetric. Either way is bad. The solution is, as noted, economic and political.
If you make "only duty is profit" a slander on the order of "works for the russians" well, until recently that was a slur in the US you might start to hear about solutions. But instead we're seeing a determined and successful effort to lift the Gini Coefficient despite the problems with that being common knowledge.
If nothing else it proves that rich people aren't smarter than average, just richer. In simulations… the most skillful people were almost never the most successful. Instead, lucky individuals tended to be the most successful. There was a snippet in New Scientist this week about killing off senescent cells having interesting effects. Remarkably they only needed two chemicals to do it My bet is that there will be a whole bunch of things like that, each of which does part of the job and each will have its own side effects. But it will still be an exponential filter - to get those 20 fit and active year olds you will need a billion babies born years ago.
Which is better than 20x year olds needing a billion by an order of magnitude The really radical changes still seem to be lifestyle. A bricklayer is still screwed after years and that hasn't changed in the last century. What's changed is fewer bricklayers, and we're also starting to see small movement in mechanisation. The core problem is that to be useful at what bricks do the actual brick has to be dense and heavy You can see much the same across a whole raft of fields.
So barring "robots" they're machines, at this stage making smart machines is magitech doing all the heavy work or some wild fantasy-level rejuvenation magic making it possible to take a clapped-out peasant and repair them for less than the cost of a new peasant, all we can do is work on ways to reduce the need for peasants. Sadly, we're currently just shuffling those jobs round - rather than farming we have them burning circuit boards and sorting medical waste to extract the recycleable bits. Yay, what a giant leap forward.
The radiation problem could probably be solved by dropping by a handy comet and sticking a dirty great chunk of ice on the front of your ship before you start turning the juice on, as suggested by Arthur C Clarke. The obvious objection is the amount of mass involved. But this is not actually a problem, because if you haven't got a magic energy source already you don't need a comet on the front, and if you have got one all you need to do is wave your wand a bit harder.
It seems to me that STL space travel stories involve just as much magic as FTL ones do, even if it's just the hidden magic of not saying how big anything is and hoping people don't notice how big it would have to be. That's always my assumption. Until you can reasonably make at least a colony out round Neptune or the Oort cloud the idea of making one out past there seems a bit optimistic.
Given that technology there will be a period where they're not entirely self-replicating and the usual colony factors will push them to cast adrift. I tend more towards the idea that once you have these giant space ships that are more or less self-sufficient the real question is why they would ever decant onto a planet. There are even SF stories that deal with the question. Has anyone actually lived on a merry-go-round for any appreciable amount of time? Whenever I consider the notion of simulating gravity in space through centripetal acceleration, I start wondering about how big the cylinders would need to be to avoid water hammer effects when you suddenly turn around.
Brian Aldiss had that, too, in his novel "Non-Stop", although it was caused by a virus picked up on the colony planet. Is there a third example, so we can claim "Generation Ship Midgets" as a genre? Troutwaxer 79 Oh dear, the big metal bit shaped a little like a harp. Hm, the grass is always greener on the other side, but going by some stories I heard from teachers, it's not that different here I have this itchy need to write a superhero story in which our protagonist acquires powers following an unfortunate accident in a CRISPR lab.
The money shot from the medics who are diagnosing their condition: Oh, and we'd have six different cures for AIDS. Over time, cells will die and be replaced from their stock of now-murine stem cells. So they're going to devolve into a giant misshapen mouse over the next century or so. But in the meantime, they fight crime! What was the figure for the UK? I could give other examples, but the glass ceiling for technical staff has been getting lower, and is now often probably usually well below decision-making level. Yes, I mean that the technical reports are presented to those to take a decision by a managerial intermediary, and the technical leaders told the decision without seeing let alone contributing to the discussion.
And it often is invented out of thin air, and is infeasible: The result is that the best UK students now avoid STEM subjects in favour of politics, management and law, now because of the poor pay, but because of the very low status, poor treatment and promotion prospects. The downside being that you can be tracked wherever you go by the trail of urine. A problem when the cat based super villain turns up. The obvious problem with preventing cells from becoming senescent is increasing divergence including cancer , but my guess is that simply killing senescent cells would lead to tissues eventually fading away - unless replaced in the fashion you mention, which I thought was normal only for some tissues.
What effects replacing ALL tissues especially in the brain from even the human's own stem cells would have, I can't guess. But the mouse stem cell theme is funnier: If human male genitalia were proportionate in size to those of rats, our penises would be slightly smaller It might be better to make our murine mutant female — but she's going to want a radical bilateral orchidectomy or hysterectomy fast , lest she start going into heat every six weeks.
We HAVE to tackle this problem, because of the waste issue, as you know. But your premises are a bit off, and there are actually many more alternatives. What they all have in common is that they need a radical change to society. Very, very few 'engineers' in IT companies are actually creating new products - far more are propping the infrastructure up or fighting the fires cases by the latest crapware.
In many cases, the majority are not even doing anything approaching engineering. The engineers would simply be spending more time on getting them right, both in terms of RAS and usability, and testing them. To move to ten or more times would be more radical, but could usefully be done by moving more engineers to developing genuine innovations, not simply marketing tweaks. And doing some proper ab initio design, development and production, to flush out the historical disasters that dominate modern computer systems.
Unfortunately, even the former needs a social revolution, and the latter is mere wishful thinking. But it's NOT because the alternatives don't exist. Where did you get this number? If so, then the safety rate is BS. Here's how I would calculate it. First, remove the death rate of any rocket built before In other words, it is safe to ignore the deaths due to the Shuttle. Likewise, the Soyuz has flown since the s, so early deaths I think skew the safety of the system as a whole.
From these rockets, partial failures can be ignored since people would have survived these. I'm not about to hunt the failure rates of rockets from Japan, India, China, and Russia right now. That was the policy for any tourist riding the Soyuz. However, Blue Origin so far requires only a weekend of training. Mir, however, came bloody close to a fatal accident on at least two occasions: A design flaw in Soyuz that surfaced only after 10 crewed flights coincided with a dodgy firing sequence in the explosive bolts linking the OM to the CM after undocking resulted in depressurization of the CM and the crew asphyxiating.
Soyuz TMA's exciting and unpleasant but non-fatal return to earth. Most of the time humans have only had "stable technology" because of ignorance of others' achievements and expediency - Find something that works, anything, and stick with it Then it kills you because it's use became inappropriate, and it gets retroactively redefined as "laziness. Having genuinely "stable technology" in just about any field is actually very hard. You need to eliminate the incentive to improve the product by every actual and even potential market participant. Effectively you are trying to overcome your own impulse to improve your market share at the expense of your competitors.
And you are hoping that they do the same. You would do this by having or requiring massive costs for market entry to deter prospective competitors, the product probably needs to be some sort of commodity product where the production processes are known, virtually identical for each competitor and, critically, the profit per unit is razor thin. The reason for that is that it's then very difficult to simply slowly build market share stealthily because there is so little incentive to look for each tiny piece of new business, which you are barely going to make any money upon if you do manage to find it.
Otherwise capitalism works precisely upon the notion that you are either building better products for people, you are selling more of a given product, or you are encouraging people to throw an example of the old product away and buy a new one, possibly by designing it so it has a limited life, and maybe even a consciously selected "death date," similar to the documented firing life of gun barrels that you mentioned.
Massive costs to entry, a commodity product A tuned piano is just the same as any other. Digital keyboards like Casio and Yamaha marketed disrupted the whole thing briefly but are still just an exercise in "massive costs to entry" as to compete with them now you need to be an electronics manufacturer. This is one of those mine fields, at least for attributing it in humans.
I'm thinking of all the short women I know who were born on islands predominantly the Philippines , all of whom have advanced degrees and are extremely intelligent. The point here is that it's really easy to slip into "short island people are stupid" if you're not careful. Thing is, humans are morphologically plastic, and height and weight are in part due to what you eat as a child.
This is the well-known effect of short people coming to America and their 20th century descendants becoming much larger. This skews our idea of what "normal size" means in humans, and that in turn messes with the discussion of insular dwarfism. Were people in Napoleon's Paris pygmies?
They weren't any taller than are phillipinos are now. What goes on in islands in NON-HUMAN species is that vertebrates below the size of rabbits tend to get larger insular gigantism , while species above the size of rabbits tend to get smaller. It can be relatively quick in fossil terms this is a general problem in our perception of evolution--it can be rapid.
What we consider human artificial selection has been matched by some cases of natural selection, so if humans can breed a toy dog in a few generations, so can an island, if it has just the right selective landscape. The problem on islands is that the resource base is limited by the size of the island. Animals that need less food to survive and reproduce are favored.
Small animals especially mammals have high metabolic rates, and increasing in size can give them more more to store fat, making it harder for them to starve and allowing them to exploit a broader range of foods. Big animals that reach sexual maturity when smaller also have an advantage on islands--they need less food to survive and reproduce. This tends to favor them becoming smaller, insular dwarfs. This is where the discussion gets a little squicky, because in humans, premature puberty as in when the child is seven or eight is considered a medical problem that stunts growth, not a trait to be selected for by evolution.
However, there's some evidence that premature puberty is where human pygmy populations come from IIRC there are eighty-odd pygmy groups around the world, and they aren't closely related to each other. Pygmies aren't midgets with defective growth hormone receptors. Instead, they reach puberty earlier, which stops their growth. Most human pygmy groups reportedly show up, not in areas with little food, but in areas with horrendous disease problems.
If the average adult age of mortality is in the 20s or early 30s due to disease, one can see how women having children in their teens gets favored by that particular environment. Some of these pygmy populations are on islands, many are not. This probably isn't the only cause, but when some researchers tested various hypotheses for where pygmies came from, disease was the best correlate in their data set, and premature puberty halting growth was the functional cause for short stature.
Turning to hominid insular dwarfs, we've got to talk about hobbits Homo florisiensis and the island of Flores, where their remains were found. There are plenty of short people currently living on Flores, and determining that the few hobbit remains weren't islanders with microcephaly was a real issue. The hobbits are assumed to have been insular dwarf offshoots of Homo erectus or some similar species. Although there are only a few bones, IIRC they date from enough different times that they look like remains of an extinct human species, not isolated, pathological individuals.
As for the modern short Floresians, it's not at all clear to me whether they are short due to early puberty and disease or due to poor diet. If anyone was interested in figuring this out, some expensive blood work looking at genomes and blood chemistry would sort it out. However, doing such work without appearing to be a bigot or racist would be rather harder. I'm sure you'd want to spend the years explaining to Indonesia's labyrinthine bureaucracy that you're simply curious to see if their islanders are mutants or deficient, and not pursuing some political agenda in doing so I'd also note that I'm not touching the idea that Floresians are in any way mentally deficient, whatever their height.
That's a whole other can of worms, and there's no evidence that known pygmy populations are mentally defective either. The bigger point is that astronauts on missions train for years before they go up, and even space tourists have to go through a six-month training course to go up. This has a big role in keeping mortality down. I suspect that if cave divers rehearsed particular dives in full-sized mockups with crews of trainers for months to years before they went in the water, fewer of them would die too.
The converse is equally true: My question about shipping humans far away for a long time is more cultural than technological. Let's assume that all the STL magic works and your generation ship arrives at its destination. You have a a ship crewed by people whose whole culture is based on working in a cramped environment where every decision is governed by a strict set of protocols and maintaining stability and safety is of paramount importance. How is this risk-averse society going to handle an alien environment where surprises are common and decisions need to be made that don't have clear outcomes?
Nice idea, except he probably should also be mouse-sized, for the provisions of square-cube law and similar limitations. As I mentioned in last post about that ensemble of problems, I've spend a lot of time brooding over implications of space travel. Even armed with achievements and ideas of Tsiolkovsky, I came to conclusion that, indeed, monkey meat does not ship well anywhere beyond the host planet.
We may really modify humanity to cope with these factors extensively and be able to compensate for heightened risks of radiation, weightlessness, confined space, limited life support and other optional factors. But the thing is, it would not be our well-known monkey then. It will be something different, almost certainly we will have to trade off something else to create organism that can survive those factors. Those which we can not compensate in the space flight, not to say about interstellar space flight.
On the bright side, there's still hope for indefinite procreation. I mean, with a hint of technology that does not involve things that blatantly break our known laws of universe - artificial gravity, FTL, immortality and time paradoxes. Assume, we can create a machine that will be able to rebuild the humanity elsewhere, if something goes wrong.
You will be able to take a template, a batch of information related to human behaviour, genetic code, physical development, socialization, education and so on. You create an environment, that can be able to produce a pretty average, intelligent, sociable, decently-mannered - person, family, or even the entire tribe. You do not need to actually put the living "meat" in hundred-years old freezer or ship it in enclosed life-supporting cage. You ship out a cold, somewhat super-intelligent if only in design assembly machine that can make a human being on a spot.
Yes, this might seem to be slightly disturbing for the first time, but it certainly less disturbing than models of brain uploading and, uh, downloading. This, quite probably, will take considerably less time than figuring out brain uploading without depolarization of neurons, no less , or maybe even genetically modifying people beyond recognition. On the other hand, we must also be able to solve the problems of autonomy of our machines. These machines should be able to trespass interstellar spaces and find suitable environments.
Say, if we can register a fairly earth-like body for every to light-years, we should be able to hop onto it, terraform it somewhat to our minimal requirements, and settle down. Our autonomous machines really need to participate only in transportation part, after which human intelligence will be able to take over again, if we are too worried about our plans for future.
Ok, having said that, in the next comment post, I'm going also explain how I imagined the concept of that over the years, and also add some other further speculations. I was rather inspired by "Deepness in the Sky" STL model by Vernor Vinge, with slow ships carrying living humans between stars, but decided to add a little twist later on. Don't see this as a problem because space flight itself is likely to be risky with both known and unknown risks i. Planet-fall then will be just anther risk to be evaluated: Basically, as long as these folks are open to the idea that life is just learning one thing after another until they drop, they'll probably make it.
Even 'known risks' can catch experts unaware like a couple of neutron stars exploding: Minimizing surprises is key, therefore good scouting via drones followed by lots of lab work and enough time to really get to know the planet you'll be settling. To enter the OPC you need a high school diploma. For comparison, the average engineer in Canada makes in the mids, with starting salaries after a 4-year university degree during which they don't get paid in the upper 40s.
Space Engineer has come with a concept of "mothership" spacecraft with certain design features that we decided to be crucial for interstellar voyage. It can be viewed on the forum, along with pictures, gameplay ideas and discussion. So not to let you completely read the entire thread, I will try to summarize by describing major parts and specifications of it's design or maybe how I imagine it:.
Mostly this volume is hollow, filled with , with major parts given wide berth. To be easily controllable it has to have more baryon mass in exhaust, so pure photonic engine would be highly problematic with it's gamma-radiation. Engines are either two-directional or can be rotated, since we do not assume we need to rotate the entire ship for deceleration. Power plant is purely optional and only needed for providing power during passive flight I'll talk about that later. Solid-compressed hydrogen and antimatter in magnetically stabilized environment, which constitute to most of the mass of the ship itself.
If there's such thing as metallic fraction of hydrogen that can be preserved in near-zero conditions, we should be able to use it. Anyway, with this amount of antimatter and energy involved, it is probably not safe to fuel such thing within a million kilometre of populated areas. Yes, interstellar medium can be pretty dangerous at speeds as high as a fraction of lightspeed, but we shouldn't also forget about other types of radiation, in fact, most energetic galactic particles would just go right through the thinner parts of the spaceships without causing cascade of secondary particles.
Collision with even lightest mote of dust is, in fact, quite dangerous affair, so a system of avoidance is needed. Last but most important: Practically, it should be able to replace any part of the ship as good as new, should it degrade from radiation or constitutional damage over century-long flight.
Shield will certainly need regular replacements, as well as internal parts that are damaged by high-energy radiation. In fact, I've been thinking, it almost puts the ship into the category of living creature capable of self-healing. As I said before, it there's probably only one thing that needs to be transported across such far distances with any purpose.
The information and self-replication systems. They will require a very thick protection against the radiation, and quite possibly can survive for longer than the ship itself, should anything bad happen. Which limits us to years of flight for each light years distance. Early on, when I was contemplating Eclipse Phase rulebook, I created a little. You can only give it a distance in AU, an acceleration in "gee" and a coefficient which indicates, how long your ship is accelerating.
With little input, it said that to fly to Barnard star at moderate 0. Go back and read the original comment, Excuse me if I wasn't too elaborate. But I can not imagine what the mouse stem cells will do if they find themselves in a body the size of human being given the autoimmune reactions are suppressed enough to eat the body inside out outright.
Not because it is impossible at all, but because it is too nasty to imagine. This is what powers the back to the land movement, the communists, and every other social critic, and the criticism has only grown sharper over time. Our history as Homo sapiens sapiens is about , years long. We ignore all of that history to a first approximation because it left almost no evidence. The only reason we know we've been around for , years is a single, , year-old skull. Whatever our ancestors did, they did correctly, for they lasted , years. Compare that with the last odd years, where we've been increasingly concerned, and with good cause, about wiping ourselves out.
Going back to Marx, people have noted that capitalist society strongly resembles either a financial bubble or a Ponzi scheme. Well-intentioned methods of trying to solve problems like global famine have instead massively increased populations and absolute numbers of people in poverty, and in the meantime we seem to be very good at weaponizing any new technology to make it as lethal as possible, always for the ostensible aim of deterrence. On this basis alone, it is totally rational to assert that what people did for the , years of their history prior to the present was far more rational than what we're doing now, which is the exact opposite of what you claimed above.
One thing you need to become aware of is Boserup's Ratchet. This is Esther Boserup's proposed mechanism for getting around Malthus. What happens is that, when population grows to hit its limit to keeping everybody fed and happy, people start innovating with agricultural techniques and culture, to find ways around that limit. When they find a way around, everybody rapidly adopts the innovation so that it become standard, and the population then increases again, spurring innovation, which leads to more changes, more growth This is a major cause for all those dead cities the world is dotted with.
Or you can work within a stable technology and keep your population around its limits. So basically, you're only correct if you claim that effectively all of human history is wrong, and what we're doing right now is the only right way to live. Anyway, morphogenesis is a pretty interesting thing. Xeno-free culture of human pluripotent stem cells. Stem cell culture systems that rely on undefined animal-derived components introduce variability to the cultures and complicate their therapeutic use.
The derivation of human embryonic stem cells and the development of methods to produce induced pluripotent stem cells combined with their potential to treat human diseases have accelerated the drive to develop xenogenic-free, chemically defined culture systems that support pluripotent self-renewal and directed differentiation. In this chapter, we describe four xeno-free culture systems that have been successful in supporting undifferentiated growth of hPSCs as well as methods for xeno-free subculture and cryopreservation of hPSCs.
Each culture system consists of a xeno-free growth medium and xeno-free substratum: I won't mention my age in a public forum, but it's up there. My father retired at full US social security a few years younger than I am now. Some people do find that what they do is worth doing, and keep on; the majority do it because they can't afford to live otherwise. I think it was in Studs Terkel's book from 78? There was an article a couple of years ago in Slate? Brother Guy used to teach about half the year around the US at various Catholic colleges, and one course he taught was "science for non-science majors".
About a dozen years ago, on a list we're both on, he ran down the food chain of the majors that took that course. Next to the bottom were the business majors, who didn't get it, but didn't let that worry them.
The bottom of the food chain, who didn't get it and didn't know that they didn't get it, were the communications majors Doesn't that explain a lot? There's another argument that I think supports your Frank's view. I think you'll like it, partly because it also has a close parallel in evolutionary biology. A standard argument in growth economics is that the rate of innovation new ideas, technological progress, etc.
The argument is simple. Once a good idea innovation, new tech comes up it spreads through the population. More people means good ideas come along more frequently. This argument has been used to look at economic growth over time scales of decades to ,s of years. The evolutionary biology analogue is the relationship between population size and non-neutral mutations.
Bigger population means more mutations in absolute terms, and when a good mutation comes along it spreads, hence a larger population can mean a faster rate of evolution. I'm sure you know this stuff better than I do. Anyway, you could argue from this that static technology in smallish communities engaged in STL travel is a reasonable assumption. You forgot being able to make younger people think that they don't have a life outside the company, and that working "whatever it takes", if that's 10, 12, 16 hr days, for months on end, means they're "valuable" people Of course it's a bunch of things.
Just like there's no one "cancer", or, for that matter, "cold virus". You know that Mighty Mouse is on his way! But, I mean, how can you be in management, and not have your MBA, which proves you don't know shit from shinola, that you should internally break up the company so the divisions "compete" against each other, and there are no profit sinks tha is, say, billing is a customer of IT Does that mean that if I put on a superhero costume, and take a leak against a wall, Catwoman will come find me? For that reason, they needed the giant O rings.
Raygun was going to give a speech, and they wanted a launch so he could refer to it in his speech, never mind if was too fucking cold, and out of spec for the O ring. My late ex was an engineer at the Cape for 17 years, and worked on the Shuttles, and Station. And she doubted they were doing the extensive examination of the state of the lines. To do so required a someone who knew what they were looking at Not a lot of them there that met both criteria.
Max stress is reentry But, I mean, where the ROI? First thing to do is hang all the priests. Massive costs for market entry Things wear out, albeit slowly, and accidents and negligence happen. I can't remember if I've told this story here The morning that Randy Newman's album, with Short People, was released, Randy woke up in sheer terror. He quickly dialed the personal number of a close friend. As the phone was answered, he started babbling to the still-sleepy aswerer, "Don't kill me, Harlan, I didn't mean anything by it!!!! Not clear on equivalence between the middle level ranks.
For comparison in the public service a team leader in a technical division say, the person in charge of the firewall team gets about the same as a senior sergeant and a manager say, the person in charge of the larger network team gets about the same as an inspector assuming a large government department with its own IT. It used to be less pay but more benefits in public, but the trend is toward fewer benefits in public and less pay in private.
Cops still get pretty good benefits, though. I don't think this is really a new thing. See Frank's discussion of the demographic transition above, but my view is that this is evidence to show that the dynamic to increase population is cultural and depends on economic circumstances, meaning that when these change the dynamic also changes.
The premise of infinite demand is a cultural assumption, not something that is inevitable that is, not part of the null hypothesis. The real irony is that the risk from vaccination is so low as to be effectively zero. Especially when compared to the risks from the diseases being vaccinated against. Further, it was later discovered that the "physician" who authored the study had a conflict of interest because he was partner in a company that was promoting a different vaccine that competed with the MMR.
He ended up losing his license to practice medicine. I've been thinking about how long a hypothetical Slower Than Light colony ship might take. For reasonably nearby stars it doesn't seem to take as long as you might think. It could probably be accomplished in a single generation. Someone else is welcome to check my "math" in fact, I insist on it , but I figure if you can accelerate at. It doesn't require that much magical thinking to envision an O'Neill cylinder capable of making the journey. Add in enough spin to create about 0.
I doubt I'll live to see even the first experiments, but it doesn't look like an impossibility to me. It's just engineering on a fairly extreme scale. Seems to me the monkeys should be OK if they start out with a big enough can. The Polynesians were island-dwellers who searched for more islands. That's very different than leaving a continent in one huge jump across the ocean. So if you want an analogy to Polynesia, then a better question to ask would be whether a human population of living largely in space might go inter-stellar. They went through boom-bust population cycles.
When it was bad, people starved. Pressure to move on to a new place was very high - and migration relieved population pressure. B They're canoe-building, navigating, fishing cultures. The core expertise to build, navigate, travel were there in the group already.
Which is quite unlike 1, people in the USA paying another 2, people to help them build a spaceship to take them to the stars. That doesn't appear to be true. Most of the major colonization events such as colonizing Hawai'i, New Zealand and Easter Island happened well before peak population hit in central Polynesia. While exiling people to the ocean was a way of relieving population pressure on small islands like Anuta and Tikopia, in the most populous places Hawai'i, Tonga, Fiji warfare was the most common way of dealing with intolerable conditions, and typically the people from the drier parts of the islands especially the Kona coast of Hawai'i attacked people on the wetter, more fertile side.
C The group that went could largely build their own transport, and supply it themselves. As a subset of B, places like Hawai'i, New Zealand, and Easter Island stopped making huge voyaging canoes within two generations of settling. I can make two guesses as to why this happened, but it's one reason why I think extrasolar colonies would be extremely wise to focus early on making more interstellar capable ships, rather than assuming that population pressure will naturally lead to their creation.
Evidence from Polynesia says that new settlements abandon their boats. This is why you've got to read history and here I recommend Pat Kirch's books. I thought what you did, but it turned out we were both absolutely wrong, and the real history is more interesting. And I'm not even getting into the fight over when population collapsed on Easter Island. Recent models of this process predict that large, well-connected populations will have more diverse and complex tool kits than small, isolated populations. Here, we show that in Oceania, around the time of early European contact, islands with small populations had less complicated marine foraging technology.
I suggest you go and live in a semi-isolated town of even 10, people for a while. It's a good experiment that will show you a lot about what can and can't be done with 10, people. Apollo 7 established a world record for greatest mass lifted into orbit and remains the longest, most successful first test flight of any new flying machine. Radio talk show host, Lift-off to Logic; consultant to start-up technology companies and a commercial space company; chairman, Texas Aerospace Commission; keynote speaker and writer. The Genesis Fund; organizer and managing general partner. The Capital Group; founder.
A private investment firm catering to the particular needs of non-resident investors. The firm engaged in venture capital activities, addressing the financial needs of start-up and development stage companies and the acquisition of investment property. Residential and commercial real estate investor. Organizer of two national bank charters and outside, professional director of several technology companies. Directed the engineering division of this international architectural, engineering, and project management firm, with extensive operations in the Middle East. Effected a successful turn-around through modern management techniques.
Hydrotech Development Company; president. A high technology offshore engineering company, manufacturing a proprietary line of sub-sea pipeline connectors. Managed the preliminary design of an unmanned, remotely operated, pipeline repair system for use at water depths of 4, feet. Century Development Corporation; senior vice president. Responsible for the operation of 5,, square feet of commercial properties and service companies furnishing maintenance, parking and security services.
Coordinated the operational development, system integration and habitability of all Skylab space station hardware included five manned modules, two launch vehicles and 56 major experiments. Skylab was the first manned space application of photo-voltaic electric power, inertial storage devices for attitude control and molecular sieves for environmental control.
Pilot on the first manned mission of the Apollo Program Apollo 7. Played a key role in all aspects of manned space flight including training, planning, systems design, testing operational support, space flight, analysis of results, public relations, and program management.
Performed studies of the Earth's magnetosphere and classified projects for the Department of Defense. Marine Corps; retired colonel, U. Marine Corps, with 4, hours pilot time, including hours in space. Born in Charlotte, North Carolina, on October 3, They have two grown sons. Recreational interests include hunting, fishing, reading, and playing golf. Petersburg, Florida; received a bachelor of science degree in Naval Sciences from the U. Naval Academy in and a master of science degree in Aeronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in ; presented an honorary doctorate of philosophy from the University of South Carolina in , and an honorary doctorate of Humanities from Francis Marion College in When notified of his selection as an astronaut, Duke was at the Air Force Aerospace Research Pilot School as an instructor teaching control systems and flying in the F, F, and T aircraft.
He graduated from the Aerospace Research Pilot School in September and stayed on there as an instructor. Upon entering the Air Force, he went to Spence Air Base, Georgia, for primary flight training and then to Webb Air Force Base, Texas, for basic flying training, where in he became a distinguished graduate. He has logged 4, hours flying time, which includes 3, hours in jet aircraft.
He served as member of the astronaut support crew for the Apollo 10 flight. Duke served as lunar module pilot of Apollo 16, April , He was accompanied on the fifth manned lunar landing mission by John W. Young spacecraft commander and Thomas K. Mattingly II command module pilot. Apollo 16 was the first scientific expedition to inspect, survey, and sample materials and surface features in the Descartes region of the rugged lunar highlands.
Duke and Young commenced their record setting lunar surface stay of 71 hours and 14 minutes by maneuvering the lunar module "Orion" to a landing on the rough Cayley Plains. In three subsequent excursions onto the lunar surface, they each logged 20 hours and 15 minutes in extravehicular activities involving the emplacement and activation of scientific equipment and experiments, the collection of nearly pounds of rock and soil samples, and the evaluation and use of Rover-2 over the roughest and blockiest surface yet encountered on the moon. Other Apollo 16 achievements included the largest payload placed in lunar orbit 76, pounds ; first cosmic ray detector deployed on lunar surface; first lunar observatory with the far UV camera; and longest in-flight EVA from a command module during transearth coast 1 hour and 13 minutes.
The latter feat was accomplished by Mattingly when he ventured out to "Casper's" SIM-bay for the retrieval of vital film cassettes from the panoramic and mapping cameras. With the completion of his first space flight, Duke has logged hours in space and over 21 hours of extra vehicular activity. Duke also served as backup lunar module pilot for Apollo In December , Duke retired from the Astronaut program to enter private business. From the rocky depths of the Grand Canyon to lofty cosmic views from Flagstaff's dark skies, northern Arizona was ideal for activities ranging from moon buggy testing and geology training to lunar mapping and mission simulation.
Every astronaut who walked on the moon, from Neil Armstrong to Gene Cernan, prepared for his journey in northern Arizona, and all used maps created by Flagstaff artists to navigate their way around the lunar surface. Clyde Tombaugh's discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory. Percival Lowell began searching for his theoretical "Planet X" in , and Tombaugh's "eureka! Ever since, area scientists have played leading roles in virtually every major Pluto-related discovery, from unknown moons to the existence of an atmosphere and the innovations of the New Horizons spacecraft.
Lowell historian Kevin Schindler and astronomer Will Grundy guide you through the story of Pluto from postulation to exploration. There are no passengers in this band. Go to a Yardbirds show and you'll find crowds filled with somethings to baby boomers all thrilling to this band's legendary power. Tell The Truth is an autobiographical tour-de-force through the life and times of an archetypal Texas blues legend with all the highs and lows that inevitably accompany this time honored path.
Lance Lopez has been on a slow, steady climb up the mountain to the blues rock hall of heavyweights for the last decade, and this album declares his arrival. As people get wealthier, more of us are getting to do work that we love. For centuries, most people have had to grimly soldier on in unfulfilling but necessary work. While technology and trade free Americans from mind-numbing drudgery, prosperity creates markets for all the goods and services that creative people pursuing their passion can dream up.
For the first time in history, most people can earn a living doing what they really want to do. In this eye-opening book, John Tamny explains: Blood, sweat, and tears are still the essential ingredients of success and entrepreneurship. Taking off from England on March 16, , young Lt. George Starks and the nine-man crew of his Flying Fortress were assigned to the "coffin corner," the most exposed position in the bomber formation headed for Germany. They never got there.
Shot down over Nazi-occupied France, the airmen bailed out one by one, scattered across the countryside. Miraculously, all ten survived, but as they discarded their parachutes in the farmland of Champagne, their wartime odyssey was only beginning. Alone, with a broken foot and a 20mm shell fragment in his thigh, twenty-year-old Starks set out on an incredible mile trek to Switzerland, making his way with the help of ordinary men and women who often put themselves in great danger on his behalf.
Similar ordeals awaited the other nine crewmen, who faced injury, betrayal, captivity, hunger, and depression. It was nothing short of miraculous that all ten came home at the end of the war. His enduring loyalty enabled him to do both. He doesn't like to be called a hero, but no other word can rightly portray him better. He is my hero and after reading this book, he will be yours too. You will be inspired and engrossed at every turn of the page of this remarkable book.
One of those men, Travis Walton, recklessly left the safety of their truck to take a closer look. Suddenly, as he walked toward the light, Walton was blasted back by a bolt of mysterious energy. His Companions fled in fear. Then Walton reappeared, disorented and initially unable to tell the whole story of his terrifying encounter. In Fire in the Sky Travis Walton relates in his own words the best documented account of alien abduction yet recorded, the story of his harrowing ordeal at the hands of silent captors and his return to a disbelieving world of hostile interrogators, exploitative press and self-styled "debunkers.
Find out more James K. Kunkle James Kunkle joined the California Air National Guard in after graduation from Beverly Hills High School, but was discharged the following year when the Guard was federally activated and it was found that he was under 18 years of age. In he finally received his wings, and was credited with shooting down a total of two enemy aircraft, both on the day he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.
Army Air Forces Battalion: On this date, while flying as rear man in a squadron on an armed reconnaissance mission, Lieutenant Kunkle noticed that his squadron was about to be surprised by a vastly superior force of enemy aircraft. Unable to summon his leader on the radio, he alone unhesitatingly pulled away from his formation and vigorously attacked the enemy, immediately destroying one of his aircraft.
In so doing, Lieutenant Kunkle placed himself in a position to be attacked from the rear and above. When this attack materialized, many hits were registered on his aircraft which caught fire burning his face, neck, and hands. Despite his burning plane and the gunfire from enemy planes, Lieutenant Kunkle continued his attack against the vastly superior enemy force and succeeded in destroying a second enemy aircraft, breaking off combat only when forced to parachute to safety when his left fuel tank exploded.
Second Lieutenant Kunkle's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces. Find out more Frank Quartrochi- Korea Pigeoneer Frank will discuss his role in Korea, with his training and using pigeons to deliver and return with critical messages in combat.
Residents of occupied Europe wrote the messages and pigeons delivered the messages to Britain. From to , British aircraft dropped approximately 17, pigeons in small containers attached to small parachutes. Those who found the pigeon also found a questionnaire, rice paper, a pencil, and a set of instructions for how to attach the message to the pigeon.
Under the German occupation, sending a message with a pigeon was a crime punishable by death. This made the messages a unique form of communication, because unlike diaries or letters, the writer had little time to reflect and make decisions about what to write. The longer someone kept a pigeon, the more likely they were to be discovered. People risked their lives to give information about ammo dumps, troop movements, BBC transmissions, radar stations, the morale of the German soldiers, airfields, and their personal experiences. Some messages contain copious amounts of military intelligence.
Some messages include military intelligence and also expressions of frustration and despair. The reader can absorb the information and the emotions without the influence of a contemporary analysis. Perhaps this book would be useful in history courses. The book contains the report on the German reaction to Operation Columba. The Germans deployed falcons to kill the pigeons. They also used decoy pigeons. The Germans trained pigeons to fly back to German pigeon lofts and they outfitted them with counterfeit British message capsules.
The message writer would reveal intelligence intended for the British. He had received many requests to view such aircraft, and contacted AAHF. Since then the chapter has grown to over members. The hangar space is provided as a donation by Heliponents, an area company.
Boeing has been a very big sponsor donating much needed furniture, aircraft support equipment and money. Inter-Coastal electronics is another sponsor who has provided financial support and we are working with them for a hangar to support the restoration of a Huey UH1C gunship. We also continue to gain much support from the Commemorative AF to show and advertise our chapter.
Invite this entertaining self-described non- guru on air on a Monday to motivate people for their best workweek ever or any day to discuss: Find out more Author: The novel opens with Russian president Vladimir Putin planning the covert assassination of a high-ranking US official with the intention of replacing him with a mole whom Russian intelligence has cultivated for more than fifteen years.
Catching wind of this plot, Dominika, Nate, and their CIA colleagues must unmask the traitor before he or she is able to reveal that Dominika has been spying for years on behalf of the CIA. Any leak, any misstep, will expose her as a CIA asset and result in a one-way trip to a Moscow execution cellar. Iosip Blokhin, a brilliant Spetsnaz military officer, and Grace Gao, ravishing Chinese spy, master of Kundalini yoga, and Beijing-trained seductress.
Does Nate sacrifice himself to save Dominika? Does she forfeit herself to protect Nate? Do they go down together? Over a thirty-three-year career he served in multiple overseas locations and engaged in clandestine collection of national security intelli-gence, specializing in denied-area operations.
As Chief in various CIA Stations, he collaborated with foreign partners in counterproliferation and counterterrorism operations. He lives in Southern California. The impetus for their formation was a series of suicides Tim Hovey, Trent Lehman and Rusty Hamer combined with the headline making condition of several other former child stars.
Paul was writing a book at the time but set it aside, borrowing the title to name the foundation. In years past, the Industry and the Screen Actors Guild had not been very helpful, but in January of there was a great sea-change. Over the years their mission has grown significantly. They support an aggressive educational program, both public and private to share their personal knowledge of the way things really work in the world of juvenile Hollywood.
They are a clear-eyed bunch, and they do not put up with propaganda and distortions that have so colored the actual experience. They want money saved for the kids from Day One and Dollar One. William Paul Petersen was born in Glendale, California. His parents, and his two grandfathers, were all employed at Lockheed. Though not a show business family, his dad had been an elephant handler for the Barnum and Bailey Circus in the thirties. Paul was the middle child of three. He and his older sister Pamela had taken dancing, singing, and piano lessons for four years before he auditioned for the show.
His much younger sister Patti would also become a child actor, appearing on The Donna Reed Show in the sixties with her older brother. Paul had started appearing in recitals from age five; his first television part came on a local amateur variety show called Rocket To Stardom. Paul heard about the auditions through his dance instructor Sally Sargeant, and both he and his older sister tried out for the show, doing tap routines. Paul also sang I Got Plenty o' Nuthin'.
Find out more Frederick A. Johnsen has written more than 25 aviation books and hundreds of articles. His video productions have been viewed at key aerospace events, in museums, online, and were selected to show a President of the United States aboard Air Force One. He regularly travels to major archives in the U. The Doomsday Clock measures how close mankind is to world destruction. Recently, the scientists who created the clock advanced its hands to two minutes before midnight. Some Bible scholars such as Richard Ruhling are too. Ruhling for a look at how the Doomsday Clock and Bible prophecy differ.
Embassy to Jerusalem sets the stage, and why he believes a major earthquake will impact the U. Unlike scientists who can't turn back the clock, Dr. He says the nine-month warning points to this spring Dr. He says medical care is not healthcare and prescription drugs are a leading cause of illness, disability and death. He's available for speaking on health or Bible topics. His credentials in Bible prophecy include Bible college with enough courses for a major in religion and conferences he's attended.
He predicted war with Iraq and Iran before and he believes end-times are beginning this spring. His ebook, The Destruction of Jerusalem: The Sky is Falling! In past human experience, when people have shouted "The sky is falling," they weren't always wrong. In the eBook, "Roadmap to Nowhere" the authors contrast nuclear energy with wind and solar technologies on the bases of cost, reliability, material requirement, and land use.
She doesn't care what anyone thinks, hopes, or believes. As Abraham Lincoln reminds us: We have been the recipient of the choicest bounties of Heaven. We have been preserved these many years in peace and prosperity. We have grown in numbers, wealth and power as no other nation has ever grown.
Welcome to the Providence Forum. Providence means that God is active in history. From the discovery of America by Columbus to its settling by many different peoples, to the formation of our freedoms through the Sons of Liberty at the Boston tea party, and to the Declaration of Independence and on to our Constitution, we see the role of people of faith with lofty principles influenced by the Judeo Christian belief in providence creating a new nation dedicated to liberty as a nation under God and guided by His truth.
The Providence Forum has sought to tell these stories in books and articles, in public events and also through many different projects including liberty trees, foldable flags, curricula for teachers, and our engaging and highly educational website.
Our logo, the Flag of Providence, reminds us that the Spirit of God is still exercising His providence in America as the reshaped American flag flies in the heavens and displays the six pointed star of the Great American seal. So welcome to the Providence Forum! We want you to become a friend. We want you to become a spokesperson, an articulate communicator, and an intergenerational teacher sharing your discovery of the hidden treasures of American liberty presented to all by the Providence Forum. Will Kalif spent his childhood and teenage years passionately pursuing a variety of interests including astronomy, geology, classical guitar, epic fantasy and many other subjects.
As an adult he spent a four year term in the US Army and after receiving his honorable discharge he entered the normal work world and spent twenty years developing a career in technology; working in software, robotics, and manufacturing. As the twenty first century began he decided to return to the subjects and pursuits that brought him joy in his younger years so he struck out on his own, starting his own "new media" publishing company. For the past sixteen years he has been a self-employed youtuber, webmaster, and writer, covering an eclectic variety of subjects including blacksmithing, origami, bonsai, castles, and telescopes.
His youtube videos have been watched over 79 million times and his flagship website stormthecastle. His new book "See it With a Small Telescope" is a guide to help the average person have a wonderful experience exploring the night sky with a small telescope. If so, it would be the first "interstellar object" to be observed and confirmed by astronomers. Astronomers are urgently working to point telescopes around the world and in space at this notable object.
Once these data are obtained and analyzed, astronomers may know more about the origin and possibly composition of the object. Weryk subsequently searched the Pan-STARRS image archive and found it also was in images taken the previous night, but was not initially identified by the moving object processing. Weryk immediately realized this was an unusual object. Weryk contacted IfA graduate Marco Micheli, who had the same realization using his own follow-up images taken at the European Space Agency's telescope on Tenerife in the Canary Islands.
But with the combined data, everything made sense. Said Weryk, "This object came from outside our solar system. Find out more Singer-Songwriter-Kate Grom Two years ago, singer-songwriter Kate Grom was torn between practicality and being her true self. She had graduated college after a transformative time finding her authentic musical voice, and was pursuing her dreams in New York. To bravely face an uncertain future, the young artist went to France where she knew no one. Alone with a rented acoustic guitar, she faced her fears and embraced her musical gifts.
Kate now comes forth with the aptly titled, Heroine, produced by two-time Grammy Award winning producer Stewart Lerman. It is a poetic and boldly vulnerable singer-songwriter album that conjures the elegance of the American countryside. I thought, maybe spending time alone and away with the guitar would help me fall in love with music, and it did. That was the moment where I decided to define music in my life as my only career focus. Her aesthetic encompasses Americana traditions such as folk, bluegrass, and country, as well as the reflective and literate traditions of contemporary and classic singer-songwriters.
A treasure of classic rock records hidden in the attic of her house became an object of intense fascination for the teenaged Kate. And, later, while at Belmont, Kate soaked up the pure folk, country, and bluegrass wafting forth from the air of Music City. Heroine is both rustic and refined, replete with lonesome pedal steel guitar, moony atmospherics, and back porch Americana.
The songs simmer with slow burn dynamics, understated grooves, and soaring hooks. Up next, Kate will begin gigging to support her LP and to embrace this new era as an assured artist. During the s, Chicago's West Side was a breeding ground for some of the world's greatest bluesmen. With his fierce guitar playing, soulful and emotive vocals and wild stage shows, Eddy "The Chief" Clearwater easily belongs on this list. A Chicago legend, Clearwater is an intense, flamboyant blues-rocking showman.
He's equally comfortable playing the deepest, most heartfelt blues or rocking, good-time party music. DownBeat said, "Left-hander Eddy Clearwater is a forceful six-stringer He lays down some gritty West Side shuffles and belly-grinding slow blues that highlight his raw chops, soulful vocals, and earthy, humorous lyrics. Featuring some of Eddy's hottest playing ever recorded, the CD burns with his stinging guitar and rough-and-ready vocals.
The 12 songs including seven songs either written or co-written by Eddy lean from straight-ahead blues and humorous rockers to plaintive, emotion-packed ballads. All are brought to vivid life by Eddy's ferocious and unflinching guitar playing, his power-packed vocals and unlimited energy, hard-earned by his years of experience.
GuitarOne said Clearwater takes his listeners on "an inspired trip to that rollicking crossroads where the blues and rock collide. His first music jobs were with gospel groups playing in local churches. Quickly though, through his uncle's contacts, he met many of Chicago's blues stars. Eddy fell deeper under the spell of the blues, and under the wing of blues star Magic Sam, who would become one of Eddy's closest friends and teachers.
If you've ever wondered how much real science goes into movies like Gravity, novels like The Martian, and television shows like Doctor Who, this is the book for you. Written by an author who is both a data scientist and a science fiction writer, this entertaining and accessible book uses popular science fiction movies, stories, and TV shows to explain the science behind popular narrative concepts like time travel, lightsabers, AI, genetic mutation, asteroids, cyborgs, black holes, alien invasion, the zombie apocalypse, and more.
Learn about relativity through Orson Scott Card's Ender's Game and the movie Interstellar; black holes and wormholes in connection with Contact and Planet of the Apes; theories about the origin of life as reflected inBattlestar Galactica, Star Trek: Artificial Intelligence; and much, much, more. Written with wit, clarity, and a great sense of fun, Blockbuster Science will inspire science fiction fans to get excited about real science while also putting an engaging pop culture spin on science for any curious reader. Kathleen Fry is a conventionally trained physician with an unconventional story.
Fry started her private practice in Scottsdale, AZ in after finishing her residency training at the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond. Martin is touring the U. Martin and his band will be performing in Phoenix at the Celebrity Theatre on September Martin will be co-headling this show with Jesse Colin Young. Trowbridge practices in Houston and has hosted nationally syndicated and local radio programs.
I chose to start a general practice of medicine in Humble, next to the Bush Intercontinental Airport, in I have lectured extensively in the United States and internationally and hosted radio programs on using drug and non-drug treatments for chronic and acute illnesses. He learned about the stars through living an open-air life, and later, by publishing his famous annual "Astronomical Calendar," learned science, mathematics, computer programming, and how to settle down!
Ottewell responded when asked how he finds the time to be such a prolific writer and publisher. His extensive travels and military service have taken him throughout Britain, Europe and the Middle East Libya, Jordan and a summer job in Iran and across the pond into the United States. David Kaplan graduated from the Pennsylvaina College of Optometry in where he was selected for a specialty rotation through the William Feinbloom Vision Rehabilitation Center, renowned as one of the leading low vision centers in the world.
Kaplan has been recognized nationally as Optometric Business Innovator- , and the Best of Glendale Optometry In his spare time, he likes to play golf. At Frey Vineyards we combine the best of modern and traditional winemaking methods to showcase distinctive varietal flavors. Through minimal manipulation in the cellar, we allow the wines to express the authentic character of our soils and climate. For over three decades we have been vanguards in crafting wine without added sulfites, a synthetic preservative added to most other wines even wines made with organically grown grapes!
Our organic and Biodynamic farming methods encourage care for the soil, groundwater, and wildlife, promoting rich biodiversity in the vineyard. Ninety percent of our land is held as unspoiled natural habitat with a diverse mix of native plants and animals. As stewards of the land, we emphasize producing organic and Biodynamic wine of the highest quality while caring for planet and palate alike.
These wines are in very limited supply. Find out more Guest: Launching proof Total Eclipse Moonshine, Casey Jones Distillery celebrates our prime location on the solar eclipse line. On August 21, , the total solar eclipse will be best seen in Hopkinsville, Kentucky. Contact us if you represent a store that would like to carry Total Eclipse Moonshine or other Casey Jones Distillery products. On Thursday, we had between of our closest friends come celebrate our grand opening and official ribbon cutting with the Christian County Chamber of Commerce.
Check out some of the photos below, and visit our Facebook page for more photos. We want to thank our Hopkinsville community and our friends within the Kentucky spirits industry for their support! Join us the weekend of August 18 in Hopkinsville for the point of greatest eclipse!
Saturday and Sunday, join us for Hot Air Balloon rides! On Monday, August 21, the most anticipated day of , we will have public parking available as an official viewing location for the solar eclipse. Find out more Berni Massari, Ph. I began my studies in Homeopathy with the British School of Homeopathy and Complimentary Medicine in the early 's. Most people can live longer than expected. Patients of Western medicine are so overdosed that they eventually become toxic. Doctors have misconceptions of homeopathy.
Illness and disease has a region of origination and is prefaced by sometimes visual links to its origin or initial beginnings. Disease is known to us after the onset when we see the visuals of the deep seated problem. His research interests include cosmology, dark matter, dark energy, observational optical astronomy, experimental gravitational physics, and new instrumentation. He received his Ph. OverviewThe goal of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope LSST project is to conduct a year survey of the sky that will deliver a petabyte set of images and data products that will address some of the most pressing questions about the structure and evolution of the universe and the objects in it.
The LSST survey is designed to address four science areas: The construction phase of the project will deliver the facilities needed to conduct the survey: Even if you're struggling with all the demands of fatherhood, let Dr. Meeker shows you how to be the father you want to be and your children need you to be. In this book, I hope to show you how. We also maintain independent research and development programs that pioneer and explore emerging technologies and concepts to address future national priorities.
The centers serve strategic national priorities, free from conflicts of interest or competition with commercial industry. Collaboration with leading research universities allows these organizations to provide the U. Our Work Founded in to aid a country at war, we provide solutions to national security and scientific challenges with systems engineering and integration, research and development, and analysis.
Throughout our seven decades of service, we have focused on practical applications of our research in a wide range of scientific and technological fields; today, our four main sponsored areas of work include air and missile defense, asymmetric operations, force projection, and space science. Additionally, we continue to honor our enduring commitment to work with and inspire future generations of scientists, engineers, and researchers. He was looking at the spiral galaxy NGC , known as the Fireworks Galaxy, in the Cygnus constellation over 22 million light-years away from his telescope at his home near Erda, Utah.
By comparing what he was seeing with earlier photographs taken of the same galaxy, he realized he was witnessing a star explode. He had just discovered a supernova. Stanek from Ohio State University. When a star goes supernova, it is one of the largest, most impressive astronomical events in space. A supernova occurs when a massive star collapses in a brilliant explosion that can outshine entire galaxies. This can happen in two ways; when a smaller star burns through its nuclear fuel, the core loses the energy to push against the gravity relentlessly pulling the star inward.
If the weakened star gains mass from a star orbiting nearby, the core will collapse due to the overwhelming gravitational force in an event called a Type I Supernova. SN eaw has been confirmed to be a Type II supernova. This is the third supernova discovery for Wiggins. Fred has been an amateur astronomer for over thirty years and has seen nine total solar eclipses. As an astrophotographer he has been honored with the Astronomy Picture of the Day eight times. With its advanced Hughes radar system, Falcon air-to-air missiles, and a top speed in excess of Mach 2, the Delta Dart became known as "the ultimate interceptor," able to scramble, launch, find its targets, and blow them out of the sky.
This book provides an insightful and in-depth look at the sixth member of the Air Force "Century Series" family of supersonic fighters. From initial concept through early flight test and development and into operational service, every facet of the F's career is examined and explained in comprehensive, yet easy-to-read text. The Convair F remains to this day as one of the most successful military aircraft ever built. This book now gives the reader a thorough and meticulous reference source on the F using excellent photographs and technical illustrations to tell the story of this history-making aircraft, while also providing valuable detailed information for modelers and historians.
But now, technology has the power to shape a future beyond our imagination. What was once conceived by science fiction as entertainment is now the blueprint great scientists use to project the future of our world. For instance, the cell phone, a device most of us cannot live without, much less leave at home, has become exponentially more intelligent just in the last decade. These dramatic sequences shift between a robust roster of on-camera commentary and serve as touchstones of the world to come.
This could lead to a future in which AI beings become our essential collaborators or a threat to human value and life. What are the major milestones that are leading us towards this singularity, and how will that affect the evolution of the human species? In the future, will we move beyond treating individual diseases and, instead, treat the aging process itself? How would a dramatically protracted life change not only the fabric of society, but what it means to be a human being? What will that mean for our perception of humanity? What do we risk losing? How has this constant connectivity affected our views on privacy?
How will they continue to change as new technologies like neural prosthetics help us create seamless, instantaneous connections to the cloud? Eventually, will we evolve to the point of telepathy? How will this affect our relationships to each other? Will this give us new tools or insight into communication with other civilizations that might exist beyond Earth?
If we go off planet, we will have to make it habitable for humans through processes like terraforming, which may lead to unintended consequences for that ecosystem. Is this human-centric view of the universe the right approach? And is it possible there are alien civilizations that have reached this similar inflection point? This indomitable spirit has led us to new shores, new depths and, in the last century, to new planets.
As the number of mysteries remaining on home planet decreases, how will we have to adapt ourselves biologically in order to explore farther distances in space? Will we discover forms of life reminiscent of Earth or new forms of life entirely? Tommy Turtle, Wendy Greene and Laurence Fishburne also serve as executive producers, and Mark Elijah Rosenberg is the co-executive producer and director.
As a pioneer with the legendary Beserkley Records, he helped write the book on revolutionary west coast rock and roll. But music is only part of the story. He published four novels, a handful of short stories in various anthologies, and edited a compilation of original fiction by famous musicians. Greg recently retained the rights to all his old recordings and is currently re-releasing his entire catalogue with the original artwork. Greg maintains a strong Internet presence with professional website design and social media managed by Michael Brandvold Marketing.
Thousands of fans engage him daily on Facebook and Twitter. Greg also retains a cutting-edge publicist, Christopher Buttner at PrthatRocks. This completely unique murder mystery features the Beatles as characters in the story. The idea came while interviewing original Beatles drummer Pete Best. Pete revealed that it was from Merchant Marines who carried the records back to Liverpool from America.
The story climaxes with an assassination attempt in Manila during their world tour in This book tells of famous record-breaking flights throughout history, focusing on the exciting time following World War II when new speed, altitude, and endurance records were broken on an almost-routine basis. Supplementing these stories are detailed explanations of the technological innovations that made those record-breaking aircraft possible.
From swept wings to afterburning turbojet engines, and "Coke-bottle" fuselages to high-altitude pressure suits, aviation progress has always been measured with breakthrough advances in the technology of flight. This book, written by a former crewmember of the triplesonic SR Blackbird, takes you through the annals of aviation history with spellbinding stories of world-record flights and explanations of how advanced technology played a pivotal role in making these records happen.
Illustrated with excellent archival photographs and technical illustrations, this book explains in detailed, but easy-to-understand, terms how specific advances in aircraft design such as powerplants, aerodynamics, flight control systems, instrumentation, and life-support systems led to ever-improved record-breaking aircraft. The appendix serves as a handy reference guide that documents world speed, altitude, and distance records as well as the legendary aircraft and pilots who flew them.
Flanagan calls the Blackbird, made over 50 years ago, "the height of aeronautical engineering. I was lucky enough to host Senator John Glenn back in , who was very interested in the airplane. Over 20 years experience in design, advertising, conceptual thinking, promotional marketing, print and digital design. What he doesn't know isn't really worth knowing. But he'd be happy to find out for you anyway. Every day's a schoolday. WHAT - Depends purely on what you need. Like we've said before, behind Charlie is a truly robust network of resources that is called upon as and when required: Solid, reliable print services; innovative and practical digital solutions; all unhindered by the oppressive costs that incur with many of the larger organisations.
Closer to home, if you're looking for a solution working out of one of your own desks, Talking Image can just as easily operate on a consultancy basis. WHY - Because there is nothing more rewarding than an effective solution, and the evidence to support just how effective it is. Which, of course, is usually a very happy customer. It was there that he flew combat missions in Iraq and Afghanistan and gathered most of his 1, flight hours and carrier-arrested landings. Bridenstine promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Commander in the U. As for his famed opening, Young says it was created by accident.
Viewers sent in thousands of objects including plastic alligators, a launching rocket, a mannequin leg complete with stiletto , and petrified animal body parts. After television, Young transitioned to radio weather in California. Young has combined his Broadcasting degree with his love of weather. For the past 12 years he has been working with a growing team of leading scientists and engineers to promote a sensible approach to range of energy and environmental topics, climate change in particular.
His main focus has been the highly controversial science underlying these issues. Here and below is a short video excerpt from one of his many public presentations. Harris is regularly published in newspapers in Canada and the U. He is often interviewed on radio and occasionally TV. Besides the above TV interview sample, here are some other recent media hits: Gore and Tom Harris are cited. From to four sessions , he taught a total of 1, students "Climate Change: Tom speaks about the approach he has taken with this course and ICSC in general here.
An excerpt from a lecture in may be viewed here. Nothing could be further from the truth. Climate science is in a period of negative discovery in that the more we learn, the more we realize how little we actually understand about the forces that shape climate. We cannot as yet even detect a human signal on top of natural variability, let alone determine if action of any kind is needed aside from preparing for and adapting to climate change and continuing research into this complex field of science. Tom reveals the intense debate now raging among researchers concerning the causes of climate change.
Besides briefly describing the hypothesis that 20th century warming was driven mostly by humanity's greenhouse gas emissions, Tom explains other factors that now appear to have a greater influence on climate. These include, but are not limited to: He delivers no-nonsense, gutsy blues. His guitar solos are fast, wiry and incisive, moaning with bluesy despair. For seventy years, these ships remained a little understood cornerstone of American power. In his latest book, On Wave and Wing , Barrett Tillman sheds light on the history of these floating leviathans and offers a nuanced analysis of the largest man-made vessel in the history of the world.
Read on then and learn. The incredible projects described here were not merely flights of fancy dreamed up by space enthusiasts, but actual missions planned by leading aeronautical engineers. Some were designed but not built; others were built but not flown; and a few were flown to failure but little reported: A giant rocket that would use atomic bombs as propulsion never mind the fallout , military bases on the moon that could target enemies on earth with nuclear weapons, a scheme to spray-paint the lenses of Soviet spy satellites in space, the rushed Soyuz 1 spacecraft that ended with the death of its pilot, the near-disaster of the Apollo 11 moon landing, the mysterious Russian space shuttle that flew only once and was then scrapped--these are just some of the unbelievable tales that Pyle has found in once top-secret documents as well as accounts that were simply lost for many decades.
These stories, complimented by many rarely-seen photos and illustrations, tell of a time when nothing was too off-the-wall to be taken seriously, and the race to the moon and the threat from the Soviet Union trumped all other considerations. Readers will be fascinated, amused, and sometimes chilled. Explore both well-known and never-before-published cases.
Terms that describe a Super Bowl champion? These are words that define the core essence of Styx, the multimegamillion-selling rock band that has forged an indelible legacy both on record and onstage. The six men comprising Styx have committed to rocking the Paradise together with audiences far and wide by entering their second decade of averaging over shows a year, and each one of them is committed to making the next show better than the last.
But my favorite show last year was Styx. We have a pretty sophisticated audience, and we really respect that. And we owe it to our fans to continually rehearse, prepare, and improve. I think our level of professionalism, musicianship, and spirit carries that across every night. It's a multilayered, multilevel show with a number of elements going on beyond the music itself. I find a symmetry with the give and take and all of the different emotions we touch upon. Jack's late wife, Hilary Six, was also a producer in Los Angeles.
To stay sane and sober, Jack Millard dealt with his grief in a most profound and positive way by throwing himself into his art and creating "Little Boats Of Hope" hand carved from pods of mesquite trees, attaching a feather and a message in a bottle "Don't Lose Hope" into each little boat. People are profoundly moved when they discover the boats, as everyone needs a little hope. Please watch this new short film.
Jack Millard is in the film, and this is the third short he has created around the "Little Boats". Militant Muslims believe that Islam is on the brink of doing it again. Many contemporary thinkers excuse Islamic violence as a legitimate reaction to Western imperialism. They blame America's wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and the establishment of Israel in With an impressive touring schedule throughout the United States and Canada, he has a voice for every administartion, including U.
In fact, infamous for his skewering of political figures, Little has charmed, amused, intrigued and gotten the best of politicians from here to his native Canada. Phil, to name a few. His wife at the time, Marie, passed away that year. In her honor, Little created the Marie and Rich Little Foundation, which focuses on helping children, the homeless and animals in need. Up until now, a little known fact about Little is his other talent as an artist. He started sketching when he was young, drawing his family and friends.
To date, he has drawn more than pictures of all the celebrities and politicians he imitates, and displays several of these life-like charcoal sketches in his shows. Perhaps my mother was conceived by a Xerox machine! So, how did a kid from Ottawa, Canada, growing up in the '50s become an impressionist? No one in our family had ever been in show business.
His father was a doctor. His mother was a housewife. So where did the desire to become an impressionist come from? Although, often asked this question, he can only offer an early love of the movies. Just going to the movies and getting so involved in the story-telling and the characters made me want to be that person up on the screen, never dreaming that I could turn it into a career," remarks Little.
The glory days of Hollywood and their icons, like no other, have remained as indelible images in our hearts and minds for decades. He, like many, idolized these giants of the screen and comedy, but was so fortunate to have had the opportunity to meet, work with, and get to know many of them along the way during my career. In this gem of a new book are insights into the likes of many of these great people he has had the privilege and fortune to meet and imitate, to shine a new light on our beloved stars.
A man who knows no limits, Naveen pushes big dreams into action, spurring massive cultural and technological change. His audacious vision and magnetic personality continually inspires others to follow what feels impossible. The founder of Moon Express, World Innovation Institute, iNome, TalentWise, Intelius, and Infospace, Naveen sees beyond the current business and technological landscape, creating companies that make a true impact. Ernst and Young's Entrepreneur of the Year, Silicon India's "Most Admired Serial Entrepreneur," and the receiver of "Albert Einstein Technology Medal" for his pioneers in technology, he has been repeatedly honored for his entrepreneurial successes.
He brought what amounted to a nearly alien sensibility to jazz electric guitar playing in the s, a hard-edged, cutting tone, phrasing and note-bending that owed as much to blues, rock and even country as it did to earlier, smoother bop influences. Yet as a true eclectic, armed with a brilliant technique, he is comfortable in almost every style, covering almost every base from the most decibel-heavy, distortion-laden electric work to the most delicate, soothing, intricate lines on acoustic guitar.
Unfortunately, a lot of his most crucial electric work from the '60s and '70s is missing on CD, tied up by the erratic reissue schemes of Vanguard, RCA and other labels, and by jazz-rock's myopically low level of status in the CD era although that mindset is slowly changing. Born in Galveston, Texas on April 2, Coryell grew up in the Seattle, Washington area where his mother introduced him to the piano at the tender age of 4.
He switched to guitar and played rock music while in his teens. He didn't consider himself good enough to pursue a music career and studied journalism at The University of Washington while simultaneously taking private guitar lessons. By he had relocated to New York City and began taking classical guitar lessons which would figure prominently in later stages of his career.
He was also inspired by the popular music of the day by the Beatles, The Byrds and Bob Dylan and worked diligently to meld both rock and jazz stylings into his technique. This was reflected on his debut recording performance on drummer Chico Hamilton's album " The Dealer" where he sounded like chuck Berry at times with his almost distorted "fat" tone. Also in he formed a psychedelic band called The Free Spirits on which he also sang vocals, played the sitar and did most of the composing. However, it wasn't until three years later after apprenticing on albums by Vibraphonist Gary Burton and flutist Herbie Mann and gigging with the likes of Jack Bruce and others that Coryell established his multifarious musical voice, releasing two solo albums which mixed jazz, classical and rock ingredients.
In late he recorded "Spaces", the album for which he is most noted. It was a guitar blow-out which also included John McLaughlin who was also sitting on the fence between rock and jazz at the time and the cogitative result formed what many aficionados consider to be the embryo from which the fusion jazz movement of the s emerged.
His career, however, began in era of guitar rock, where he was able to rise for a time with legends such as Jimi Hendrix, Carlos Santana, and Eric Clapton. His music continues to influence musicians and fans internationally and will continue to do so for a very long time. Bill Haloulakos, co-authored with me Chapter 7 Imagination. This chapter discussed how the classic s science fiction epics "Lost in Space" and "Planet of the Apes" reflected nuclear rocket propulsion protocols he worked on during that era. This particular episode originally aired on October 20, with guest star Warren Oates as American astronaut James Hapgood who has come to enjoy the life of a roving space cowboy.
Hapgood and his rocket ship "Travelin' Man" lifted off from Earth on June 18, aiming for a possible soft landing on Saturn as part of a fly-by survey mission. This wonderful episode reflected the scientific protocols from the hey-day of the s space age as well other projects not widely known to the general public at the time, notably the use of nuclear powered rockets for both interplanetary and interstellar space travel.
While the public was largely enthralled with the USA versus USSR race for the first manned moon landing, other manned space flights were also being planned for Mars along with possible missions to Saturn and Jupiter. At the time, a soft landing on either Saturn or Jupiter was deemed possible as the gaseous composition of these two planets was not yet fully known.
Moreover such expeditions were planned to occur in what would be the same timeline of the future as envisioned by Lost in Space. What is remarkable is that the saga of space cowboy Hapgood and his ship "Travelin' Man" not only reflected the scientific protocols of the s the same period in which Lost in Space aired on network TV but actually provided the template of what future rocket ships would look like more than two decades later.
We enjoyed watching these wonderful Lost in Space episodes not only for their inspiring adventures but later came to appreciate them much more with the passage of time as it became evident that such classic sci-fi offered a realistic if not achievable future based on science fact! Here is information on Dr. The math book is a reader-friendly presentation on the history of universal mathematical concepts and how they relate to our daily life. When ordering, be sure to include the title, author name and ISBN.
This is why Somax athletes make more progress in a few weeks than conventional programs taking several years. All of our training is based on frame-by-frame underwater stroke analysis and none on grinding out mega-yardage or lifting weights. In fact, we discourage weight-lifting in athletes because it creates microfibers scar tissue that restrict flexibility and eventually performance. Most of our work with elite and amateur athletes is undoing the damage caused by lifting weights and endurance training. Our professional golfers have won the US Open as a rookie, improved their putting from to 1 on tour, quadrupled their tour income, and increased their longest drive from to Our amateur golfers have eliminated back, neck, hip and shoulder pain while cutting strokes off their game.
Our approach to improving performance is that sport is movement, and to move you need flexibility. Our 40 years of working with the best athletes in the world, in all sports, has shown us that the greatest difference between the best and those below them is in their flexibility.