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Manual David Crawl, The Abandon Ship Through The Ages of Stars

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Several members of past Earhart search expeditions were in attendance. As many of you know, Amelia would have been years old this week, had she flown off course, crashed on a reef, was captured and jailed as a spy, escaped to New Jersey via the Witness Protection Program, faked her death, moved to Florida, and discovered the Fountain of Youth. Meanwhile, here is a very interesting take on the matter by none other than Garrison Keillor: In the July 25th Washington Post, he says:. She was a sweetheart, a Kansas tomboy who was not out to make a statement so much as she simply loved to fly and feel the wind in her hair.

In newsreels, she grins as she climbs out of cockpits, a dashing feminist in the Age of Dowagers. She was lithe and limber. She enjoyed her fame. Please read the rest here. Echoes of the over-hyped Jaluit photo had hardly begun to subside before the image was soundly debunked. Meanwhile, Nauticos has been working steadily to scan the seafloor near Howland Island where Amelia was headed, seeking her lost Lockheed Electra in the deep ocean. Our last expedition, concluded in April, failed to find any trace of the plane, but eliminated another large area of the seafloor.

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We appreciate the support of our friends and neighbors, and look forward to continuing the search. The former is comical. To have them actually at Jaluit atoll, over 1, miles to the northwest, one would have to assume that the Coast Guard and other elements of the government were in cahoots to fake the reports and radio transcripts. And it had to extend to all levels, as we interviewed the last surviving member of the crew, a cook, who said he heard the words coming from the radio room!

Others will soon jump to the task of trying to determine the provenance of the photo and second guess the interpretation. A site in the UK has already posted debunking the photo:. I have been to Saipan and visited the jail there and talked to a historian who interviewed one of the jailers of the era. He said no Caucasian women were there during that time.

He graduated from the U. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Class of During the engagement, Benson manned the conning tower as the Attack Coordinator. Serving under him as a junior officer was Edward Beach, who went on to a storied career and eventually became the best-selling author of the classic submarine tale, Run Silent, Run Deep He retired as a rear admiral in Roy Benson departed on eternal patrol from Washington, D.

Ozzie Lynch was born August 12, , in Citronelle, Alabama. During the June Battle of Midway, Lynch was stationed in the conning tower as the TDC torpedo data computer operator, responsible for computing the torpedo firing solution and launching weapons. Lynch was an avid photographer, and owned a 16 mm movie camera and a still camera which he brought on patrols, capturing scenes of life aboard Nautilus. Lynch devised a scheme to attach his still camera to the periscope, and thus captured one of the most compelling photos of the war as the destroyer Yamakaze , torpedoed by Nautilus , slipped below the waves with the Rising Sun displayed on the forward gun turret and sailors scrambling to abandon ship.

Our first patrol was right off Tokyo. We torpedoed a brand-new destroyer that was out making trial runs. We had an officer on board by the name of Ozzie Lynch who was quite a photographic bug, so as this destroyer was sinking he put a camera to the periscope and we got a very good picture of it that made Life Magazine. When Nautilus was assigned to reconnoiter the beaches of Tarawa and surrounding islands before invasion, Lynch, unable to make navy-issued cameras work, used his personal camera to capture panoramic images of the enemy coastline.

In later operations, Lynch filmed the submarine diving, and later recorded scenes of Honolulu, Midway Island, VJ Day celebrations, and other historic locales and events. His periscope photo of Mt. Fuji also appeared in Life Magazine in the May edition. Leading Skate into the shallow waters of an enemy harbor, he succeeded in sinking five ships with torpedoes and evading enemy countermeasures. Lynch continued his naval career after the war, in time advancing to rear admiral and serving with the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

His final assignment saw him coordinating the successful recovery of the first unmanned Apollo spacecraft on November 9, Rear Admiral Ozzie Lynch died of a heart attack while on active duty and departed on eternal patrol on January 19, , at the age of fifty-three. The Never Forgotten series chronicles Nauticos ocean explorations and discoveries, remembering and honoring lost heroes and explorers. Lucas clashed with Director of Photography Gilbert Taylor , whom producer Gary Kurtz called "old-school" and "crotchety.

His camera suggestions were rejected by an offended Taylor, who felt that Lucas was over-stepping his boundaries by giving specific instructions. Lucas eventually became frustrated that the costumes, sets and other elements were not living up to his original vision of Star Wars. He rarely spoke to the actors, who felt that he expected too much of them while providing little direction.

His directions to the actors usually consisted of the words "faster" and "more intense. Ladd offered Lucas some of the only support from the studio; he dealt with scrutiny from board members over the rising budget and complex screenplay drafts. After production fell two weeks behind schedule, Ladd told Lucas that he had to finish production within a week or he would be forced to shut down production.

The crew split into three units, led by Lucas, Kurtz, and production supervisor Robert Watts , respectively.

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Under the new system, the project met the studio's deadline. Star Wars was originally slated for release in Christmas ; however, delays pushed the film's release to summer Already anxious about meeting his deadline, Lucas was shocked when his editor's first cut of the film was a "complete disaster. Richard Chew found the film had an non-energetic pace; it had been cut in a by-the-book manner: He found that the pace was dictated by the actors instead of the cuts.

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Hirsch and Chew worked on two reels simultaneously; whoever finished first moved on to the next. During production, the cast attempted to make Lucas laugh or smile as he often appeared depressed. At one point, the project became so demanding that Lucas was diagnosed with hypertension and exhaustion and was warned to reduce his stress level. Moreover, Mark Hamill 's face was injured in a car accident, which made reshoots impossible. Meanwhile, ILM was struggling to achieve unprecedented special effects. The company had spent half of its budget on four shots that Lucas deemed unacceptable.

Lucas inspired ILM by editing together aerial dogfights from old war films, which enhanced the pacing of the scenes. During the chaos of production and post-production, the team made decisions about character voicing and sound effects.


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Sound designer Ben Burtt had created a library of sounds that Lucas referred to as an "organic soundtrack. Lucas and Burtt created the robotic voice of R2-D2 by filtering their voices through an electronic synthesizer. Darth Vader's breathing was achieved by Burtt breathing through the mask of a scuba tank implanted with a microphone.

He originally wanted Orson Welles to speak for Darth Vader.

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However, he felt that Welles' voice would be too recognizable, so he cast the lesser-known James Earl Jones. Thirty well-established voice actors, such as Stan Freberg , read for the voice of the droid. According to Daniels, one of the major voice actors recommended Daniels' voice for the role.

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When Lucas screened an early cut of the film for his friends, among them directors Brian De Palma , John Milius and Steven Spielberg , their reactions were disappointing. Spielberg, who claimed to have been the only person in the audience to have enjoyed the film, [4] believed that the lack of enthusiasm was due to the absence of finished special effects. Lucas later said that the group was honest and seemed bemused by the film.

In contrast, Alan Ladd, Jr. Lucas found the experience shocking and rewarding, having never gained any approval from studio executives before. Lucas's intentions for Star Wars involved a grand musical sound, with leitmotifs for different characters and important objects, an approach used to great effect, for instance, in the operas of Richard Wagner.

Toward this end, Lucas put together a collection of classical pieces for the composer John Williams to review, as an idea of what effects Lucas desired for the films.

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The music Williams composed was often distinctly reminiscent of the original classical pieces. A New Hope was originally presented in monaural sound in many theatres, though the first-run 70mm prints were some of the earliest wide-release examples of surround sound—something not seen in the commercial cinema since the Cinerama and Cinemascope experiments of the early 50's.

The film drew inspiration from a number of sources. This was conscious and has been acknowledged by George Lucas in interviews. It is characteristic of much myth-building. A New Hope is apparent. Indeed, when the droids find themselves alone on Tatooine, even the music and the style of "wipe" cuts are a clear homage to Hidden Fortress. When Motti is criticizing Darth Vader , he is about to mention the Rebels' "hidden fortress" before Vader cuts him off in the middle of the last word.

The climactic scene in which the Death Star is assaulted was modeled after including some of the same dialogue the s film The Dam Busters , in which RAF Lancaster bombers fly along heavily defended reservoirs and aim " bouncing bombs " at German manmade dams in a bid to cripple the heavy industry of the Ruhr.

Lucas has made mention of the film " Squadron " directed by Walter Grauman when citing movies that inspired themes or elements in Star Wars Episode IV: The "trench run" in A New Hope wherein Luke flies his X-wing through a "trench" on the Death Star and destroys the ship was inspired, at least in small part, by the finale of Squadron , which involves several Royal Air Force planes flying at low level up a fjord against heavy, ground-based anti-aircraft fire, to attack a factory located at the base of a cliff at the canyon's end. Wary that Star Wars would be beaten out by other summer films, such as Smokey and the Bandit , 20th Century Fox moved the release date to Wednesday before Memorial Day: May 25 , However, few theaters ordered the film to be shown.

In response, 20th Century Fox demanded that theaters order Star Wars if they wanted an eagerly anticipated film based on a best-selling novel titled The Other Side of Midnight. Although the film's cultural neutrality helped it to gain international success, Ladd became anxious during the premiere in Japan. After the screening, the audience was silent, leading Ladd, Jr. He was later told that, in Japan, silence was the greatest honor to a film.

During the film's original theatrical run, there were a number of now-inconic television promotions:. Charles Lippincott was hired by Lucas' production company, Lucasfilm Ltd. Because 20th Century Fox gave little support for marketing beyond licensing T-shirts and posters, Lippincott was forced to look elsewhere. Although Star Wars merchandise was available to enthusiastic children upon release, only Kenner Toys —who believed that the film would be unsuccessful—had accepted Lippincott's licensing offers.

Kenner responded to the sudden demand for toys by selling boxed vouchers in its "empty box" Christmas campaign; these vouchers could be redeemed for the toys in March The novelization of the film was published in December , six months before the film was released. The credited author was George Lucas, but the book was revealed to have been ghostwritten by Alan Dean Foster , who later wrote the first Expanded Universe novel, Splinter of the Mind's Eye.

The book was first published as Star Wars: A New Hope , to reflect the retitling of the film. Certain scenes deleted from the film and later restored or archived in DVD bonus features were present in the novel, such as Luke at Tosche Station with Biggs and the encounter between Han and Jabba in Docking Bay Other deleted scenes from the movie, such as a close-up of a stormtrooper riding on a Dewback , were included in a photo insert added to later printings of the book.

Smaller details were also changed; for example, in the Death Star assault, Luke's callsign is Blue Five instead of Red Five as in the film. Lippincott secured the deal with Del Rey Books to publish the novelization in November By February , a half million copies had been sold. A radio drama adaptation of the film was written by Brian Daley , directed by John Madden , and produced for and broadcast on the American National Public Radio network in The radio drama featured scenes not seen in the final cut of the film, such as Luke Skywalker's observation of the space battle above Tatooine through binoculars, a skyhopper race, and Darth Vader's interrogation of Princess Leia.

In terms of Star Wars canon , the radio drama is given the highest designation, G-canon. The sequel, Star Wars: When the original film was re-released on April 10, , Episode IV: A New Hope was added above the original opening crawl. Although Lucas claims that only six films were ever planned, representatives of Lucasfilm discussed plans for nine or 12 possible films in early interviews.

The Special Edition versions contained visual shots and scenes that were unachievable in the original release due to financial, technological, and time restraints; one such scene involved a meeting between Han Solo and Jabba the Hutt. The movies were digitally restored and remastered, and more changes were made by George Lucas. The bonus disc contains the documentary Empire of Dreams: The set was reissued in December as part of a three-disc "limited edition" boxed set without the bonus disc.

The trilogy was re-released on separate two-disc Limited Edition DVD sets from September 12 , to December 31 , ; the original versions of the films were added as bonus material. Controversy surrounded the release because the unaltered versions were from the non- anamorphic laserdisc masters, and were not re-transferred to modern DVD standards. It was re-released in the Blu-ray format on September 16 , Fox released A New Hope for digital download on April 10 , while Disney released the other five films.

Fox was also to retain theatrical, nontheatrical, and home video rights worldwide for the franchise's five subsequent films, which Lucasfilm produced and financed independently, through May , at which time ownership was to transfer to Disney. This complex relationship between Fox and Disney, particularly in regards to Fox's perpetual rights to Episode IV, was to create an obstacle for any future boxed set comprising all nine films. Star Wars debuted on May 25 , in 32 theaters, and proceeded to break house records, effectively becoming one of the first blockbuster films.


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Some of the cast and crew noted lines of people stretching around theaters as they drove by. Even technical crew members, such as model makers, were asked for autographs, and cast members became instant household names. Lucas claimed that he had spent most of the release day in a sound studio in Los Angeles. When he went out for lunch with his then-wife Marcia, they encountered a long queue of people along the sidewalks leading to Mann's Chinese Theater, waiting to see Star Wars. The Extra-Terrestrial broke that record in With subsequent re-releases, Star Wars reclaimed the title, but lost it again to James Cameron's blockbuster Titanic.

A New Hope as "the most beautiful movie serial ever made. A Space Odyssey , and opined that the true strength of the film was its "pure narrative. In , the U. National Film Registry of the Library of Congress selected the film as a "culturally, historically, or aesthetically important" film.

These include the 27th most thrilling American film of all time; [48] the thirty-ninth most inspirational American film of all-time; [49] Han Solo as the fourteenth greatest American film hero of all time and Obi-Wan Kenobi thirty-seventh on the same list. It only won the award for Best Score.

Originally, if the film did poorly at the box office, Lucas planned to turn the novel Splinter of the Mind's Eye into a low-budget sequel to the movie. According to an interview with Alan Dean Foster in Empire magazine, the book was written to be filmed as a low-budget sequel if Star Wars was not a huge success.

Harrison Ford was not signed for the sequel as of the writing of the book, which is why Han Solo does not appear in the novel. There are many short alternate takes throughout Star Wars where Luke appears in his poncho: Luke in the desert, in the Tusken Raiders' canyon, Luke finding the destroyed homestead, and in the hangar on Yavin 4.

The only poncho scenes that made the final cut were in Docking Bay 94, on the Millennium Falcon flight from the Death Star, and on arrival on Yavin 4. Luke with his macrobinoculars. Luke's landspeeder races into the town of Anchorhead , nearly running over an old woman. Luke rushes into Tosche Station excitedly telling his friends about the battle above their planet. He is overjoyed to be reunited with his friend Biggs Darklighter who is on planet leave from the Academy. The battle appears to have ended and Luke's friends ridicule him for making it all up.


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  6. This scene establishes Luke's difficult relationships with his peers, and gives a picture of life on Tatooine. Storyline pacing may have been the deciding factor, but it should also be borne in mind that after Lucas's first screening of the rough cut of Star Wars in , a fellow film-maker jokingly accused him of producing " American Graffiti in space". This jibe probably influenced Lucas to cut the scenes set in Anchorhead. The sequence where Luke nearly runs down an old woman was an effects shot that was never completed. This scene is a conversation between Luke and his oldest friend, Biggs Darklighter.

    Biggs has left Tatooine and is on planet leave from the Imperial Academy where he is training to be a space pilot. Luke's envy of Biggs's success conflicts with his duty to his uncle and his reasons for remaining on Tatooine. Biggs quietly tells Luke that he has decided to join the Rebellion against the Empire. In a tense and emotional conversation, the two young men say their final farewells. This scene was to come in between the scene where C-3PO spots a distant Jawa sandcrawler in the desert, and the capture of R2-D2 by the Jawas in the canyon.

    The Luke and Biggs sequence was part of the whole Anchorhead back-story on Tatooine, and was cut along with the other early scenes on Tatooine, probably for reasons of story pacing. Bast reports that the search for the missing droids has extended to Mos Eisley spaceport. Vader observes that Princess Leia is resisting interrogation, and Bast boldly criticizes Tarkin's plan to break her as "foolish. C-3PO pilots the landspeeder. R2-D2 has absconded from his new master, Luke Skywalker. Early in the morning, Luke and Threepio rush off in the landspeeder to search for R2, with Threepio driving the landspeeder.

    The scene belongs at the start of the sequence where Luke and 3PO search for R2, before the attack of the Tusken Raiders. The moment was scored with a light version of Luke's theme; the music can be heard at the beginning of the cue "Land of the Sand People" on the original LP and CD configurations, or "Landspeeder Search" in the Special Edition album.

    Before the days of CGI, scenes like this landspeeder cockpit sequence had to be filmed against a rear-projection screen. The scene was dropped due to poor quality. Sign In Don't have an account? Do you like this video?