More Than A Memory. Autobiography of a Werewolf Hunter. Ramrod the Combat Snake. Stories from a War. The 33, Interlude 1: The King of the City. Pass Me the Rice. Tales From a One-Alley Town. The Misadventures of an Old Saddle Tramp. The Year That Changed Soul. Colors of Jazz - Artwork by Harold Smith. Colors of Life - Artwork by Harold Smith. When Can I Stop Running? The Seventh Plague Vessel. The Whiskey Bottle Conversation. Grifters, Ruffians and Killers. The Sweet Breath of Life. A Sideways Odyssey through the Peacetime Army. Carry Your Own Joy. More Than a Likeness.
This leaflet was the last in the series. In accord with the U. As an Assistant Fire Chief I was in charge of a detail to destroy hundreds of thousands of the old safe conduct passes. They were packed in tight bundles and were extremely hard to burn. We dumped them in a large pit and used a gallon JP-4 jet fuel tanker truck to soak them. The fury of the fire and the wind caused a lot of loose leaflets to blow all over the area. I managed to run down several of them and sent them home to my wife. There is also a tactical flag safe conduct leaflet that depicts the flag of the Republic of Vietnam.
One side of the leaflet shows the flag of the Republic of Vietnam and the text is English and Vietnamese: Safe conduct pass to be honored by all Vietnamese Government agencies and Allied forces in the 4th C. The other side of the leaflet depicts a friendly American soldier welcoming a returning Viet Cong fighter to the just cause of the Republic. The text is in part: Carrying this safe conduct pass and cooperating with the Government of South Vietnam will enable you: The image of the flag safe conduct pass is so stirring that it was used repeatedly on U. The back of the pamphlet shows a small American U aircraft dropping leaflets over Vietnam.
Curiously, the pamphlet is a reprint of the pamphlet and has the same information with the main difference being that MACV was removed as a sponsor. Abrams is pictured and quoted:. The Chieu Hoi Program pays dividends to you, the fighting man. It provides intelligence and it saves lives. Your support of this program will help materially in the defeat of the enemy on the battlefield. What is the Chieu Hoi program?
Chieu Hoi open arms is the national Viet Cong defector program. It pays off big dividends: The same picture and text was on a small card issued to servicemen to be folded and carried in their wallet. The front of the card depicts the Vietnam seven-flag safe conduct pass and on the back a message from General Creighton Abrams.
Inside, there is a text message: Segregate Chieu Hoi from PWs. Treat the returnee with respect. Give him a receipt for all weapons that he brings in. Deliver him safely to the unit intelligence officer for prompt debriefing and then promptly to the Government of Vietnam Chieu Hoi Service at the nearest District or Province headquarters.
Another small illustrated page propaganda booklet coded SP and entitled Dairy of a Hoi Chanh Returnee depicts a Viet Cong reaching for a propaganda leaflet on the front. Inside, it explains the life that is offered to a returnee by the Government of Vietnam and depicts the front and back of the 7-flag safe conduct leaflet on pages 19 and There is also a propaganda pamphlet with the entire front of the 1-flag safe conduct pass on one page.
An interesting 7-flag safe conduct pass reproduction Thieu signature and photograph printed on somewhat thicker paper with slightly brighter colors. The registration is rather poor. They were given out in at the Ohio Vietnam Veterans reunion as souvenirs. This set of fake documents advertised as what you might find in a Viet Cong wallet contains a counterfeit 7-flag safe conduct pass. Once again, know the person you buy such a propaganda leaflet from.
A brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item. See the seller's listing for full details. This 5-flag pass was offered for sale in with a number of items that seem to be genuine. However, we know this pass was printed in color and in general the color covers the entire front. Here we see that the image seems to be printed on a piece of white paper with a border all around. It is very suspicious and the seller admitted: Because these Flag Safe Conduct passes are colorful, common and popular among collectors, various forgeries exist.
Above are three blatantly poor facsimiles of the 7-flag safe conduct pass Thieu signature and photograph , printed in pink, red-orange and in green, produced to bilk unknowledgeable collectors. The flag safe conduct passes were so successful that reproductions of parts or all of the 5-flag and 7-flag safe conduct passes are found on other propaganda leaflets. These show entire fronts or backs or partial vignettes from the fronts or backs. The reproductions are usually reduced in size.
The "Trail" campaign was directed against the military and civilian personnel who use and maintain the Ho Chi Minh Trail. This series of roads and trails twisted for thousands of miles in and around Vietnam and was the main supply route for the VC and NVA. The Allies routinely dropped leaflets all coded with a "T" over the trail in an attempt to destroy the morale of the enemy.
Some of these leaflets show the front or back of various flag safe conduct leaflets. Leaflet T depicts a mm cannon on the front. The back depicts the front of the 5-flag safe conduct pass at right, and text at the left:. This gun has not been aimed at you yet. If it had been aimed at you, you would not be reading these lines. This is a millimeter cannon. It shoots a 75 kilogram round more than 30 kilometers and is able to destroy everything in the target area.
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You are indeed fortunate to escape this terrible fate by finding this safe conduct pass which points the way for you to come across and live under the protection of the government of the Republic of Vietnam. Leaflet T depicts captured weapons on one side.
Boyd on Boyd
The back is all text with the 5-flag safe conduct pass. Your comrades were carrying them a few days ago. But that was before they arrived in South Vietnam and encountered the powerful opposition of the law-abiding South Vietnamese people. Your chance to avoid the fate they met will come. Look for your safe conduct pass. It will have this symbol. The front of the leaflet depicts a B dropping bombs. Curiously, this leaflet appears in at least three different forms. One variety is in a horizontal format and depicts a B bomber flying toward the left and dropping bombs. This version is in orange ink on white paper and depicts the 5-flag safe conduct pass.
The second variety is in a vertical format and depicts the B flying toward the right and dropping bombs. This version is printed on green paper and also depicts the five-flag safe conduct pass. The third variety is in a vertical format and depicts a B bomber flying toward the right and dropping bombs. This version depicts the seven-flag safe conduct pass.
All three varieties have the same text: You will never see one of these. You probably won't hear it. It flies too high. It is a B bomber, used by the South Vietnamese people's powerful American allies to blast aggressors out of their hiding places. One B carries 29, kilos of bombs and can drop them with pin-point accuracy, dealing certain death to everyone within the target area. The B can strike you at any time during all seasons and weather conditions. Leaflet T is also very graphic.
The front depicts the 5-flag safe conduct pass at the lower right and the text:. You can avoid this fate. Use your safe conduct pass in order to cross the lines to the protection of the government of Vietnam. The pass carries this symbol. Why did this young man from North Vietnam come to die here, outside the mud wall of a lonely outpost in Ba Long? His place should have been at his home, in his farm, where his labor is needed to help feed his compatriots in the north. Instead, he has been sent to the South and assigned the hopeless job of storming into an outpost defended by the people of the South.
What did he hope to achieve by his suicidal attempt? To "liberate" the people of the South as he had been told by his Communist masters? But why do the people that he is supposed to liberate build mud walls and plant bamboo spikes to keep the liberators out? Perhaps, at the last minute he saw the truth.
But, it was too late. The Labor Party has already spent him like an expendable item in its bid to take over South Vietnam. United States policy frowned on such images because it was believed they made the enemy motivated to fight. However, the propagandists in the field believed that they weakened enemy morale and used them quite often. In this case, the leaflet also mentions that the body was left unburied and unidentified; using the Vietnamese superstition that a body not buried with his ancestors will walk the earth in pain and hunger forever.
This leaflet depicts a dead body lying in a pond on one side. The back is all text and the 5-flag vignette. Unfortunately, it is not. But this is the final resting place; many, many kilometers from the graves of his ancestors, for this young North Vietnamese soldier whose body, along with those of 2, of his comrades, were left dead in the plains of Plei Me. His body cannot be identified. His grave cannot be marked, and his soul will never find rest.
Watch for your safe conduct pass and directions to cross the lines to the protection of the Government of Vietnam. The pass will have this symbol. This young North Vietnamese soldier will never again see the loved one whose picture he clutches. The back is text and depicts the 5-flag safe conduct pass. The orange color would stand out against the jungle floor. The Republic of Vietnam offers a warm welcome to those who will voluntarily leave the ranks of the aggressors and join the cause of those who defend their independence.
More than 25, former Viet Cong and North Vietnamese soldiers have done so. You can do this too. Leaflet T, a Trail leaflet , depicts a dead North Vietnamese Army soldier on one side with the text: Do you want to be used as a Chinese bullet shield and die in vain like this? Who will take care of your parents who are already old and weak?
Will you be able to rest peacefully? There is one way out of this dilemma. Watch for your safe conduct pass and directions to cross the lines to the protection of the Government of South Vietnam. The pass will have this symbol: The author explains that Tonc provided the general battle plan of the NVA forces and the order of battle. He pointed out that the plan was to take Hills and S. Thereafter, the major attack to seize Khe Sanh would commence. This assault would be supported by heavy artillery, which had been laboriously dug into Co Roc Mountain in Laos. These were generally coded with the letters "SP" Special Project and a number in the early years of the war.
That was a sure sign that the leaflet was an American product. In later leaflets, the letters were removed and the codes were only numbers. They were used in Cambodia by American troops that were not supposed to be there. The leaflet is text at the top with an arrow pointing to the official 7-flag safe conduct pass used in Vietnam. The text on the front is: You can avoid this hopeless fate. Use the pass to cross the front line and come back to live under the protection of the Government of Vietnam.
The pass bears this symbol. Leaflet 43 was dropped during the time that the United States was bombing North Vietnam and depicts a vignette from the standard safe conduct leaflet on one side with the text:. Compatriots; tell your friends and relatives in the army that if they go South: Look for passes like these that guarantee good treatment and a chance to return home safely.
Thousands of young men in the Army of North Vietnam are being sent to kill your compatriots in the south. This leaflet was dropped on nine occasions between March and June Additional leaflets were dropped from September to November The front of the leaflet shows the usual pair and the text:. A number of you have already rallied and are now living peaceful, happy lives with their families.
Seize this opportunity and immediately abandon the ranks of the Viet Cong or the National Liberation Front. Return to the Nationalist side and you will be guaranteed a quiet, peaceful, honest, and happy life with your family. If you want to enjoy such happiness, all you need to do is to present yourself to the nearest Republic of Vietnam Government or Military installation, and you will be immediately accepted. It seems to be a fairly early version of the image of the Viet Cong and Allied soldier, in this case a Korean Marine. The text on the front is:. Our people should cooperate with the Korean Marines in order to eliminate the Viet Cong.
The back of the leaflet is a fairly direct threat which basically says, "Cooperate with the Korean Marines or else. The Korean Marines have come here to help the South Vietnamese people. The Korean Marines are now conducting reconnaissance missions and patrols in your villages and out on the front lines to look for the Viet Cong. If you help, conceal, or cooperate with the Viet Cong, allowing them to covertly shoot at the Korean Marines to kill or wound them, your village will inevitably suffer terrible consequences [retribution].
You should cooperate with the Korean Marines when they enter your village to eliminate the Viet Cong for the sake of your own self-preservation. I like the way the Korean Marines handled their sector. Anytime they got fire from a nearby village, they simply went in and leveled the place. It may not have made many friends but they sure got rid of a lot of enemies. This leaflet depicts a happy Vietnamese family eating a meal in front of their home while watching from the woods is a skeletal starving Viet Cong guerrilla.
As you were told previously, you do not have much time left to choose. Either you can follow the example of 25, of your former comrades who have used the Pass to return to build a peaceful and prosperous life, or you can remain behind to await a painful death and a life filled with danger. Those who remain behind will never know when more bombs will fall. Use this National Pass to quickly return to the cause of justice!
Leaflet "SP"depicts both the front and back of the 5-flag leaflet and a photograph of a Vietnamese wife and children. In Vishnu Sarma 's Panchatantra , an inter-woven series of colorful animal tales are told with one narrative opening within another, sometimes three or four layers deep, and then unexpectedly snapping shut in irregular rhythms to sustain attention. In the epic Mahabharata , the Kurukshetra War is narrated by a character in Vyasa 's Jaya , which itself is narrated by a character in Vaisampayana 's Bharata , which itself is narrated by a character in Ugrasrava's Mahabharata.
Another early example is the One Thousand and One Nights Arabian Nights , where the general story is narrated by an unknown narrator, and in this narration the stories are told by Scheherazade. In many of Scheherazade's narrations there are also stories narrated , and even in some of these, there are some other stories. Within the story, after the murderer reveals himself, he narrates a flashback of events leading up to the murder. Within this flashback, an unreliable narrator tells a story to mislead the would-be murderer, who later discovers that he was misled after another character narrates the truth to him.
This perennially popular work can be traced back to Arabic , Persian , and Indian storytelling traditions. Mary Shelley 's Frankenstein has a deeply nested frame story structure, that features the narration of an Arctic explorer, who records the narration of Victor Frankenstein, who recounts the narration of his creation, who narrates the story of a cabin dwelling family he secretly observes.
Similarly, Roald Dahl 's story The Wonderful Story of Henry Sugar is about a rich bachelor who finds an essay written by someone who learnt to "see" playing cards from the reverse side. The full text of this essay is included in the story, and itself includes a lengthy sub-story told as a true experience by one of the essay's protagonists, Imhrat Khan. In Chaucer 's Canterbury Tales , the characters tell tales suited to their personalities and tell them in ways that highlight their personalities.
The noble knight tells a noble story, the boring character tells a very dull tale, and the rude miller tells a smutty tale. Homer 's Odyssey too makes use of this device; Odysseus ' adventures at sea are all narrated by Odysseus to the court of king Alcinous in Scheria. Other shorter tales, many of them false, account for much of the Odyssey. A well-known modern example of framing is The Princess Bride both the book and the movie.
In the movie, a grandfather is reading the story of "The Princess Bride" to his grandson.
A life in writing
In the book, a more detailed frame story has a father editing a much longer but fictive work for his son, creating his own "Good Parts Version" as the book called it by leaving out all the parts that would bore a young boy. Both the book and the movie assert that the central story is from a book called "The Princess Bride" by a nonexistent author named S. Sometimes a frame story exists in the same setting as the main story.
On the television series The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles , each episode was framed as though it were being told by Indy when he was older usually acted by George Hall , but once by Harrison Ford. The same device of an adult narrator representing the older version of a young protagonist is used in the films Stand By Me and A Christmas Story , and the television show The Wonder Years. In The Amory Wars , a tale told through the music of Coheed and Cambria , tells a story for the first two albums but reveals that the story is being actively written by a character called the Writer in the third.
During the album, the Writer delves into his own story and kills one of the characters, much to the dismay of the main character. The critically acclaimed Beatles album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is presented as a stage show by the fictional eponymous band, and one of its songs, "A Day in the Life" is in the form of a story within a dream. Similarly, the Fugees album The Score is presented as the soundtrack to a fictional movie, as are several other notable concept albums , while Wyclef Jean 's The Carnival is presented as testimony at a trial.
The majority of Ayreon 's albums outline a sprawling, loosely interconnected science fiction narrative, as do the albums of Janelle Monae. Jan Potocki 's The Manuscript Found in Saragossa — has an interlocking structure with stories-within-stories reaching several levels of depth. The provenance of the story is sometimes explained internally, as in The Lord of the Rings by J. Tolkien , which depicts the Red Book of Westmarch a story-internal version of the book itself as a history compiled by several of the characters. The subtitle of The Hobbit "There and Back Again" is depicted as part of a rejected title of this book within a book, and The Lord of the Rings is a part of the final title.
An example of an interconnected inner story is "The Mad Trist" in Edgar Allan Poe 's Fall of the House of Usher , where through somewhat mystical means the narrator's reading of the story within a story influences the reality of the story he has been telling, so that what happens in "The Mad Trist" begins happening in "The Fall of the House of Usher". Also, in Don Quixote by Cervantes , there are many stories within the story that influence the hero's actions there are others that even the author himself admits are purely digressive.
A commonly independently anthologised story is " The Grand Inquisitor " by Dostoevsky from his long psychological novel The Brothers Karamazov , which is told by one brother to another to explain, in part, his view on religion and morality. It also, in a succinct way, dramatizes many of Dostoevsky's interior conflicts. An example of a "bonus material" style inner story is the chapter "The Town Ho's Story" in Herman Melville 's novel Moby-Dick ; that chapter tells a fully formed story of an exciting mutiny and contains many plot ideas that Melville had conceived during the early stages of writing Moby-Dick —ideas originally intended to be used later in the novel—but as the writing progressed, these plot ideas eventually proved impossible to fit around the characters that Melville went on to create and develop.
Instead of discarding the ideas altogether, Melville wove them into a coherent short story and had the character Ishmael demonstrate his eloquence and intelligence by telling the story to his impressed friends. With the rise of literary modernism , writers experimented with ways in which multiple narratives might nest imperfectly within each other. A particularly ingenious example of nested narratives is James Merrill 's modernist poem " Lost in Translation ".
In Rabih Alameddine 's novel The Hakawati , or The Storyteller , the protagonist describes coming home to the funeral of his father, one of a long line of traditional Arabic storytellers. Throughout the narrative, the author becomes hakawati an Arabic word for a teller of traditional tales himself, weaving the tale of the story of his own life and that of his family with folkloric versions of tales from Qur'an, the Old Testament, Ovid, and One Thousand and One Nights.
Both the tales he tells of his family going back to his grandfather and the embedded folk tales, themselves embed other tales, often 2 or more layers deep. In Sue Townsend 's Adrian Mole: The Wilderness Years , Adrian writes a book entitled Lo! Dreams are a common way of including stories inside stories, and can sometimes go several levels deep.
Both the book The Arabian Nightmare and the curse of "eternal waking" from the Neil Gaiman series The Sandman feature an endless series of waking from one dream into another dream. In Charles Maturin 's novel Melmoth the Wanderer , the use of vast stories-within-stories creates a sense of dream-like quality in the reader. This structure is also found in classic religious and philosophical texts. The structure of The Symposium and Phaedo , attributed to Plato , is of a story within a story within a story. In the Christian Bible , the gospels are retellings of stories from the life and ministry of Jesus.
However, they also include within them the stories parables that Jesus told. In more modern philosophical work, Jostein Gaarder 's books often feature this device. Examples are The Solitaire Mystery , where the protagonist receives a small book from a baker, in which the baker tells the story of a sailor who tells the story of another sailor, and Sophie's World about a girl who is actually a character in a book that is being read by Hilde, a girl in another dimension.
Later on in the book Sophie questions this idea, and realizes that Hilde too could be a character in a story that in turn is being read by another. The experimental modernist works that incorporate multiple narratives into one story are quite often science-fiction or science fiction influenced. These include most of the various novels written by the American author Kurt Vonnegut.
Vonnegut includes the recurring character Kilgore Trout in many of his novels. Trout acts as the mysterious science fiction writer who enhances the morals of the novels through plot descriptions of his stories. Rosewater are sprinkled with these plot descriptions. All levels tell stories of the same person, Trurl. House of Leaves is the tale of a man who finds a manuscript telling the story of a documentary that may or may not have ever existed, contains multiple layers of plot. The book includes footnotes and letters that tell their own stories only vaguely related to the events in the main narrative of the book, and footnotes for fake books.
This hypothesis enables many writers who are characters in the books to interact with their own creations. Margaret Atwood 's novel The Blind Assassin is interspersed with excerpts from a novel written by one of the main characters; the novel-within-a-novel itself contains a science fiction story written by one of that novel's characters. As Dick's novel details a world in which the Axis Powers of World War II had succeeded in dominating the known world , the novel within the novel details an alternative to this history in which the Allies overcome the Axis and bring stability to the world — a victory which itself is quite different from our history.
Farmer a doubly recursive method is used to interwine its fictional layers. This novel is part of a science-fiction series, the World of Tiers. Farmer collaborated in the writing of this novel with an American psychiatrist, Dr. Giannini had previously used the World of Tiers series in treating patients in group therapy.
During these therapeutic sessions, the content and process of the text and novelist was discussed rather than the lives of the patients. In this way subconscious defenses could be circumvented. Farmer took the real life case-studies and melded these with adventures of his characters in the series.
In Matthew Stover 's novel Shatterpoint , the protagonist Mace Windu narrates the story within his journal, while the main story is being told from the third-person limited point of view. The Motion Picture , J. Lawrence 's Mudd's Angels , John M. Rasmussen's "Research" in the anthology Star Trek: Strange New Worlds II. The book Cloud Atlas later adapted into a film by The Wachowkis and Tom Tykwer consisted of six interlinked stories nested inside each other in a Russian doll fashion. The first story that of Adam Ewing in the s befriending an escaped slave is interrupted halfway through and revealed to be part of a journal being read by composer Robert Frobisher in s Belgium.
His own story of working for a more famous composer is told in a series of letters to his lover Rufus Sixsmith, which are interrupted halfway through and revealed to be in the possession of an investigative journalist named Luisa Rey and so on. Each of the first five tales are interrupt in the middle, with the sixth tale being told in full, before the preceding five tales are finished in reverse order. Each layer of the story either challenges the veracity of the previous layer, or is challenged by the succeeding layer. Presuming each layer to be a true telling within the overall story, a chain of events is created linking Adam Ewing's embrace of the abolitionist movement in the s to the religious redemption of a post apocalyptic tribal man over a century after the fall of modern civilization.
Vignettes of Vietnam & Other Colorful Short Stories: A. D. Moore: omyhukocow.tk: Books
The characters in each nested layer take inspiration or lessons from the stories of their predecessors in a manner that validates a belief stated in the sixth tale that "Our lives are not our own. We are bound to others, past and present and by each crime, and every kindness, we birth our future.
The events of the play broadly mirror those of the novel and give the main character, Oedipa Maas, a greater context with which to consider her predicament; the play concerns a feud between two rival mail distribution companies, which appears to be ongoing to the present day, and in which, if this is the case, Oedipa has found herself involved. As in Hamlet , the director makes changes to the original script; in this instance, a couplet that was added, possibly by religious zealots intent on giving the play extra moral gravity, are said only on the night that Oedipa sees the play.
From what Pynchon tells us, this is the only mention in the play of Thurn and Taxis' rivals' name—Trystero—and it is the seed for the conspiracy that unfurls. A significant portion of Walter Moers ' Labyrinth of Dreaming Books is an ekphrasis on the subject of an epic puppet theater presentation. Another example is found in Samuel Delany 's Trouble on Triton , which features a theater company that produces elaborate staged spectacles for randomly selected single-person audiences. In Manuel Puig 's Kiss of the Spider Woman , ekphrases on various old movies, some real, and some fictional, make up a substantial portion of the narrative.
They additionally raise the question of whether works of artistic genius justify or atone for the sins and crimes of their creators.