But then he turns to the broader subject of Eros, as opposed to the narrow topic of sexual relationships within it. Even if the two lovers are mature and experienced people who know that broken hearts heal in the end and can clearly foresee that, if they once steeled themselves to go through the present agony of parting, they would almost certainly be happier ten years hence than marriage is at all likely to make them even then, they would not part….
Better to be miserable with her than happy without her. Let our hearts break provided they break together. This is a central aspect of the intensity of the vacuums surrounding Eros - they have the power to distort and even destroy common logic. Eros is most dangerous when he seems most god-like: Lewis is scornful of the notion: In overwhelming a particular couple it is seeking parents or ancestors for the superman.
It is indifferent both to their personal happiness and to the rules of morality because it aims at something which Shaw thinks very much more important: But if all this were true it hardly makes clear whether - and if so, why - we should obey it… So far as we can see the existence or intensity of Eros between two people is no warrant that their offspring will be especially satisfactory, or even that they will have offspring at all. And what on earth was the Life Force doing through all those countless generations when the begetting of children depended very little on mutual Eros and very much on arranged marriages, slavery and rape?
Has it only just thought of this bright idea for improving the species? Lewis concludes that we must neither unconditionally listen to Eros, with its logic-crushing power, nor can we completely ignore its god-like quality, as it seems to be truly like the love of God: In it there is a real nearness to God by Resemblance ; but not, therefore and necessarily, a nearness of Approach. Eros, honoured so far as love of God and charity to our fellows will allow, may become for us a means of Approach.
His total commitment is a paradigm or example, built into our natures, of the love we ought to exercise towards God and Man. Conscience itself can be sacrificed. The event of falling in love is of such a nature that we are right to reject as intolerable the idea that it should be transitory. In one high bound it has overleaped the massive wall of our selfhood; it has made appetite itself altruistic, tossed personal happiness aside as a triviality and planted the interests of another in the centre of our being.
Spontaneously and without effort we have fulfilled the law towards one person by loving our neighbour as ourselves. It is an image, a foretaste, of what we must become to all if Love Himself rules in us without a rival. It is even well used a preparation for that. But he is convinced that Eros can only be intermittent. Can we be in this selfless liberation for a lifetime? Syzygy refers to the split between male and female.
According to Jung, this split is recapitulated in the unconscious mind by means of "contrasexual" opposite-gendered elements called the anima in men and the animus in women. Thus men have an unconscious feminine principle, the "anima", which is characterized by feminine eros. The work of individuation for men involves becoming conscious of the anima and learning to accept it as one's own, which entails accepting eros.
This is necessary in order to see beyond the projections that initially blind the conscious ego. In essence, Jung's concept of eros is not dissimilar to the Platonic one.
Eros is ultimately the desire for wholeness, and although it may initially take the form of passionate love, it is more truly a desire for "psychic relatedness", a desire for interconnection and interaction with other sentient beings. However, Jung was inconsistent, and he did sometimes use the word "eros" as a shorthand to designate sexuality.
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Part of a series on Love. Eros , the Greek god Eroticism The Four Loves Greek love Greek words for love Limerence , a modern term describing the infatuation and romantic desires commonly associated with eros. Second edition revised by G. Loeb Classical Library Cambridge: Harvard University Press, , IV, , p Bilbo and Tannen, no date.
Pauline Books and Media , Watson University of Chicago Press. Jung , Shambhala Books, , p.
Parent father mother Child son daughter Sibling brother sister. Grandparent Grandchild Aunt Uncle Niece and nephew. Great-grandparent Great-grandchild Grandnephew and grandniece Cousin. Spouse wife husband Parents-in-law Siblings-in-law Son-in-law Daughter-in-law. Stepfather Stepmother Stepchild Stepsibling. Agape parental love Eros marital love Filial piety Storge familial love. Wedding anniversary Sociology of the family Museum of Motherhood.
The Four Loves by C. Greek words for love: Retrieved from " https: Philosophy of love Love Energy and instincts Psychoanalytic terminology Freudian psychology. Articles containing French-language text Articles containing Chinese-language text Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text Articles containing Sanskrit-language text Articles containing Arabic-language text Articles containing Hebrew-language text Articles containing Latin-language text Pages using div col with small parameter. Further, Seneca states that Eros' arrows make the gods so lustful for the earthly maidens that they are forced to leave Mount Olympus and reside in the mortal world, in other guises.
He wounds Apollo with his gold-tipped arrow, and makes him fall for Daphne, a water nymph. On the other hand, he injures Daphne with his lead-tipped arrow, and makes her hate all men, especially Apollo. She becomes extremely irritated of Apollo as he continuously chases her, begging for her love and attention. Finally, after days of continuous running, when there is no more strength left in her body, Daphne prays to her father Peneus the God of the rivers , and asks him to either destroy her beauty or her life.
Eros (concept) - Wikipedia
Peneus then transforms her into a laurel tree. Apollo blesses the tree with eternal youth and immortality. This episode has been interpreted by some scholars as a combat between lust and chastity, where lust male and chastity female are shown fighting each other. Though she pushes him aside instantly, the wound is deep enough. She immediately falls in love with the first man she then comes across, who is Adonis, the God of feminine beauty and desire. Eros obeys his mother's orders, and makes Hades fall in love with Persephone, the daughter of Demeter the Goddess of harvest.
Later, Hades abducts Persephone, takes her to the Underworld, and marries her. Greek poet, has chronicled a tale of Dionysus the God of wine, merrymaking, and ecstasy , who gets shot by Eros' arrow and falls in love with Aura the personification of breeze. Eros also advises him to marry Aura, while she is asleep.
There are several myths that tell us about the effects of Eros' arrows on the mortal heroes as well. The classic example is the episode in which Paris, the prince of Troy abducts Helen, the Queen of Sparta. The 6th century B. Greek poet, Theognis of Megara, narrates this episode and says that it was 'cruel Eros', who was responsible for the Trojan war. Eros bears a very vivid and an elaborate iconography much like the other gods and goddesses in the ancient Greek tradition.
What makes him distinct, however, is a sudden metamorphosis that his personality undergoes from a primordial god to a small, naughty child, and finally into a grown-up youth. The Romans adopted the earlier 'boyish' depictions in Cupid, their God of love. He is winged, and holds a staff in his left hand and a torch in his right. His body is encircled by a snake, thus signifying immortality and infiniteness of the universe. In fact, he became an important aspect of Aphrodite's iconography in the Classical period. He is often depicted as a cute, mischievous child with wings, either seated, standing or playing at the feet of the goddess.
Sometimes, he is also shown in Aphrodite's arms or in a flying pose near her shoulder. He holds a bow in one of his hands. The cult of Eros was prevalent in pre-Classical Greece as well, but then, he was a minor deity. However, in the Classical period, the God rose to prominence and began to be worshiped on a much larger scale. According to Pausanias, a 2nd century A. Greek geographer, the Thespians worshiped him in the form of anunwrought stone. Later on, a sculptor named Lysippos, made a bronze idol for them.
Here, the fourth day of each month was considered to be sacred to the God. Sources tell us that several gymnastics and music competitions were held during the festival, and married couples worshiped the God during this period, in order to resolve their disputes.
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This shows how prominent the cult of Eros might have been in Thespiae. Eros encompasses a mysterious energy, which is the essence of all creation. Love, here, has been given spiritual connotation, and has been regarded as a sentiment that can transform the human psyche, and Eros acts as a guiding force in the process. In the Greek mythology, Eros is not only 'love' personified; but he is also a catalyst, who liberates human desires and activates the creative process of the mind.
In a nutshell, he is the very crux of each and every creative process that takes place in the universe. Thus, whether he is a primordial God or an Olympian deity, the creation of new energy in the universe, continues to remain his main function.
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