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PDF Parks in Medieval England (Medieval History and Archaeology)

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Both of these projects, funded in large part by English Heritage, benefited greatly from the involvement of local communities and volunteers. He has also worked in NE Spain for many years and has published excavations and standing building recording on later medieval sites there, including Templar and Hospitaller complexes. His past experience in project management and ongoing interests in heritage and site presentation involves him in a wide variety of projects including as a trustee of the Ad Gefrin Trust which manages the early medieval site at Yeavering in Northumberland.

He has been an external examiner for undergraduate and postgraduate programmes at the universities of Leicester, Nottingham, Exeter and Bournemouth, sits on the steering group of University Archaeology UK, formerly the Standing Committee for University Professors and Heads of Archaeology, and was a co-author of the revisions to the HEFCE Archaeology benchmarking statement.

He also evaluates publications for Oxford University Press, Blackwells, and many others, as well as reviewing grant applications for research councils in the UK and abroad. Chris' research students mainly work in three areas: As this list makes clear there are many opportunities for post-graduate topics in NE England working on both industrial and agrarian landscapes.

Anglo-Saxon & Medieval Archeology - Oxford University Press

Those with an interest in studying later medieval topics in Britain and Europe should contact me directly. Peter Brown, an AHRC scholar, is beginning his doctoral research into medieval flood events and Paolo Forlin, a Marie Curie scholar based in Durham ; , is developing new ways to analyse seismic events in the Middle Ages with archaeological case studies in southern Spain, Cyprus, the Azores and northern Italy http: Those of us who grew up before the internet age and the widespread use of computers had to learn a different set of practical skills than today.

When I began my training as a surveyor, much of our time was spent either in the drawing office, working on drafting skills on a drawing board with pencil and set squares, or outside in the field gaining practical experience in collecting dimensions using chains and tapes. Although we had pocket calculators, our lecturer used a slide rule https: Our time on the computers was an hour a week, using a very simple drawing programme to join literally and figuratively the dots on the screen.

When I moved disciplines from surveying into archaeology, and went to Bournemouth University, I revelled in the Copac computer terminals. I could search for journals and books without having to flick through a paper catalogue and I would begin to remember where certain items were to be found on the shelves. There was also the internet. As an expat living over the border in England, here I could explore the archaeology and history of Wales and begin to formulate ideas about the direction I wanted my academic research to take.

Another early site was the English Heritage Geophysical Survey Database, which was created in to provide a publicly accessible index of all the geophysical surveys of archaeological sites undertaken by them. The website itself no longer exists, but you can explore elements of it here, archived by the Archaeology Data Service: By his own admission, Philip was an amateur with no academic qualifications in his chosen field of study, but Gatehouse was, and is, the first port of call for any one interested in researching the history and archaeology of castles.

Its breadth and depth of material is quite astonishing, with every castle having an entry, and every entry containing a considerable amount of detail. Drawing on national and regional databases, to which he added additional information, it is the kind of resource I could only dream of twenty years ago. Somehow, if steps have not been taken already to do so, this website should be curated and kept accessible for all to use.

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I last saw Philip in June. After it all being very quiet on here, I can finally reveal what has been happening behind the scenes of the blog. After my operation in I had to take some time off to recover, only to find I needed another big operation in early to empty both kidneys of stones. Llwydcoed is a park which is often referenced by medieval historians because of the detailed descriptions of its creation, including a description of how large it was and the number of gates into it. However, with a bit of research, and some lateral thinking, I located Llwydcoed in the landscape and also some features within it, including a moated site.

The second had originally been presented to the 4th Garden History Society Graduate Symposium in , entitled: After the double operation, my PhD tutor helped me suspend my studies so I could get my breath and my strength back. She suggested that I should put together a submission to write a book containing all the research I had undertaken to date and submit it to her. Apologies for the lack of activity.

I have been chronically unwell again. That, coupled with the shear volume of material I had collected, and unfortunately also curated, meant I felt I had nothing constructive to offer by the way of a blog post.


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Finally however, my last operation — hopefully for a while at least — will be on the 22nd of April , so I expect to be able to write happily unencumbered by the usual ever growing rock army of kidney stones. In among all this internal excitement I have also moved house. We my wife and our three cats now live in the flat which used to belong to my paternal grandparents.

Built in the s, it is light, bright and airy and most importantly my desk is now by a big window rather than tucked away in the far corner of the last place we lived. As I stood and admired my handy work from the kitchen window, arm deep in washing up suds, I decided I would work on the material for my PhD chapter on gardens. It is by far the weakest chapter in terms of content and structure, but the strongest in terms of the new discoveries I have made during the research process.

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Unfortunately, many of these ideas have gone straight into the lecturing notes and Power Point presentations, rather than into the chapter as they should have. Last summer I was fortunate enough to be one of two archaeologists working on an archaeological excavation in Rhuddlan Latitude The excavation was undertaken for a client who had planning permission to build a new house within a medieval burgage plot directly opposite the north-west corner of the Edwardian castle [A burgage was a town rental property owned by a king or lord.

The burgage usually, and distinctly, consisted of a house on a long and narrow plot of land with a narrow street frontage]. A preceding archaeological evaluation, which examined only a small percentage of the total area of the site found medieval and post-medieval pottery and hints of some kind of ditch system within the plot. Documentary research established that the front of the burgage plot was now lost under part of a row of nineteenth century cottages, but the rear of the plot, as far as all the evidence indicated had been unencumbered by buildings and appeared to have always served as a garden in one form or another.

My fellow archaeologist and I employed the services of a mechanical excavator to remove the considerable overburden dumped on the plot from the building of both the cottages at the front of the plot but also from the construction of another row of nineteenth century cottages to the western side of the plot. The archaeological excavation of the medieval deposits revealed that the rear of the plot had not been occupied by a property, but had served as open space within which over the following centuries a series of pits and ditches had been dug, some of which had animal bone within them.

However it was something far more ephemeral which was uncovered that I was more excited about for my PhD research. The natural ground surface that is the surface into which we find cut the earliest archaeological deposits on any site was on one part of the site imprinted with the ends of tree roots.

This was where a tree had established itself within the soil higher up than the natural and had then tried to extend its tree roots through the natural. Why are tree root indentations exciting? The Edwardian castle garden was only 80 metres feet away and planted on identical geology.

Medieval and Historical Archaeology

Although all above ground evidence, except for the well within the garden has disappeared, the excavations reveal the kind of archaeological evidence we should expect if an excavation on the site of the Edwardian Castle garden was undertaken. My Manchester Metropolitan University page — which describes the aims and objectives of my PhD research:. You can also help fund my research — which has reached its original funding target. However if you like what you read, then you can still donate.

In my blog post last week https: By placing the map of c. The points marked can then by exported to the programme Google Earth. My Manchester Metropolitan University page: Please help fund my research: If want to know more — have a look at http: The online texts will be accompanied by a wealth of commentary and interpretation to enable all potential users to exploit this source easily and effectively. Back to our particular Inquisition taken in , which was taken on the death of Ankaretta Lestrange.

Although the park is not recorded prior to , it must have been in existence prior to this date for it to be included.

1000 AD (Medieval Ages Documentary)

During my research I found this image which was published in Rowley, T. This map — produced c. With the trees being chopped down by men equipped with axes. Firstly, the original map does have north marked on it, it just happens that it is written in Latin. Another way of orientating the map would be to look at where the county of Flintshire is marked, and in this case the county of Flintshire should be to the west of the county of Shropshire.

So, with the map orientated, what other clues can we glean from the map? Tilstock Park in its final incarnation had two gates, one on the western side and one on the eastern side. The gate on the western side had a park lodge outside of the park on the northern side, and there was another building in the north western corner of the park. On the southern side of the park was a water gate which allowed the flow of water to be controlled into a series of fish ponds on the south eastern side. Rowley thought that the park was divided into three — and in the ownership of Greene, Chawner and Gregorie.

However, although Chawner and Gregorie appear to be depicted on the map, with axes over their shoulder, there is no sign of Greene.

It would appear that in this case Greene refers to an open space, something we would expect to find in a medieval park. Chawner and Gregorie are probably felling the trees in Tilstock Park in order to see them off and make some money as they change the use of the park from something which would have derived its income from a variety of sources, for example from the deer and other animals kept in the park, from the fish in the ponds and from the sale of wood. The park would now become an open space used as farmland, in this case pasture for sheep or cows.

When I saw the original, I quickly understood why. The map was in several shades of green with black ink illustrations on top.