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While away from New Orleans they were promoting the interests of the succession in Baltimore and elsewhere. Furthermore, he alleged since the issuance of a writ of sequestration on the McDonogh estate in December, the administrative duties of the executors had virtually ended, and thus the personal presence of the defendants had been and was unnecessary.

Strawbridge listed four questions that he would ask of John H. Jerome, John Gibson, John P. Durant, Attorney of Absent Heirs, versus R. Gurley, Brantz Mayer,and Benjamin C. Following the interrogatories were two objections that Durant made. He then declined to cross-examine. Strawbridge, attorney for the defendants, claimed that there had been an error in the case prejudicial to his clients and requested the Judge to grant an appeal.

Judge Buchanan gave permission to appeal the case to the Supreme Court of Louisiana and set January 4 as the date for the hearing. Durant listed the documents that he would present in court to support his arguments in the McDonogh succession pending in the Fifth District Court. Durant, attorney for the absent heirs of John McDonogh, requested the Court to deny the petition of the executors of the McDonogh estate that they can be discharged of further trust or liability in the fulfillment of their duties.

Such an act would be gravely prejudicial to the interests of his clients. Digital surrogates for items in this folder can be found here: Certified copies, dated February 11, signed by J. Chalon, Deputy Clerk of Court. James Thorton, a slave, represented by E. Rawle, stated that John McDonogh, his deceased master, in his will had bequeathed to him and to several other slaves their freedom. Thornton now petitioned the executors of the succession to emancipate him. The executors, represented by Maurice Grivot, responded that they had no objection to manumitting Thornton or the others named in the will, but they had been unable to do so on account of the suits filed by the State of Louisiana and Maryland and the heirs at large and the writ of sequestration issued by the court, which covered both real estate and slaves.

The executors asked that the court inform the plaintiffs of the suits of Thornton's petition and their answer thereto, and they pledged that they would abide by the court's decision in the matter. Durant made notes of the arguments and rebuttals presented in the case of Thomas J. Beaver stated that his wife was one of the heirs of Jane Hammett, and he requested information regarding the bequest that John McDonogh made to Mrs. Durant stated that on December 8 the Fifth District Court had appointed him to represent the absent heirs at law in the succession of John McDonogh.

Since that time he had rendered valuable services the most important of which he specified. Durant had petitioned the Fifth District Court of New Orleans for compensation for services he had rendered and would render in his capacity as court-appointed attorney for the absent heirs of John McDonogh. Since the value of future work could not be ascertained, this matter would have to be decided when the time came. The notes summarized the arguments Durant intended to present to the Fifth District Court in New Orleans in opposition to its discharge of the executors of John McDonogh, an action that would be prejudicial to the interests of the absent heirs, whom Durant represented.

Snook acknowledged receipt of Durant's letter of "some time back" in regard to the legacy that John McDonogh left to Jane Hammett. Snook asked Durant to use his influence in obtaining payment for the Hammett heirs, who together would be able to pay Durant a fee for his services. Agents appointed to represent the City of Baltimore petitioned the Fifth District Court of New Orleans to order the executors of John McDonogh, to deliver the succession to them jointly with commissioners to be selected by the City of New Orleans. Christian Roselius, executor and attorney for the executors of John McDonogh, filed a motion that executors show cause why the succession should not be handed over.

The executors' answer written by Roselius and signed by [Maurice] Grivot, was that they had no objection to such an action. On March 21 Judge D[onatien] Augustin authorized the executors to deliver the estate to the cities. Cherry stated that he had read that the court had appointed Durant counsel for the absent heirs of John McDonogh. He inquired about what had been done and about the chances for the future. Durant summarized the main points made by the lawyers arguing the case of Francis Pena versus Cities of New Orleans and Baltimore before the Supreme Court of Louisiana.

The Court ruled the codicil to be authentic and ordered the cities to pay Pena. Four of William H. On the eve of the Civil War, David Pierson was already a lawyer and was about to embark upon a career in politics. In , he became a candidate on the Union ticket to be a delegate from Winn Parish to the state secession convention. He won and at the convention he was one of a handful who refused to sign the Ordinance of Secession. As a Southern patriot, however, he joined the 3rd Louisiana Regiment shortly after the adjournment of the convention.

He received a head wound in September in a battle at Iuka, Mississippi, but after recovering he rejoined his regiment at Snyder's Mill, Mississippi during the defense of Vicksburg. His younger brother James was with him at Camp Snyder's Mill, and the two served the remainder of the war together in Alexandria and Shreveport, Louisiana. After the war, David Pierson returned to his legal practice and received a commission as a judge in Natchitoches in Ruben Allen Pierson, known to the family as Al, was a teacher before becoming a member of the 9th Louisiana in He served in the 2nd Brigade of the Army of Virginia and participated in campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley and the Rappahannock and Rapidan River areas.

He was killed on July 18 while on picket duty at Snicker's Gap, Virginia. The letters of the three brothers give a detailed view of the daily life of a Confederate soldier. They are all the more valuable because they were written by educated, articulate men. The brothers gave information about two battlefronts.

David and Ruben Allen often speculated about troop movements and battle strategies. Ruben Allen's letters contain information about individual soldiers from Bienville Parish, and his battlefield descriptions capture with disquieting realism the savagery of war. There are no letters from Henry Pierson in this section although his brother state that he served at Vicksburg. Cleveland Brothers received the seven bales of cotton sent by Pierson on the steamboat J.

They had in turn sent on the Doswell the articles requested by Pierson. They commented on the quality of the coffee and the decrease in cholera. Included was an invoice. Cleveland Brothers had sent by the steamer Shamrock the articles requested by Pierson. They had received his letter recommending D. Thomas as a client. They gave statistics about their cotton market and related business procedures.

Certified copy, dated June 29, signed by John G. Noles, Recorder, Bienville Parish. Madden sold to Pierson a "boy of copper complexion" named Peter, about seventeen years old. Certified copy, dated February 23, signed by John F. The questions were addressed to Manning and Ham, who were witnesses to a fight between Dr. Jones and William H. Pierson, David Pierson, Sidney A. Pierson, and Hendrick Hand.

The fight occurred in the town of Ringgold about August There follows a request that any judge in Natchitoches Parish take the answers of these two witnesses. Certified contemporary copy, signed by John F. The questions were addressed to Allbritton, a resident of Natchitoches Parish, who witnessed the fight between Pierson and Jones in Ringgold. The document includes the commission issued to Robert Hammitt of Natchitoches Parish to take Allbritton's answers. Certified contemporary copy, signed by J. Pierson was ordered to appear at the Clerk's Office in Sparta and "cross the interrogatories" addressed to Howell Allbritton.

Pierson advised his sister to forget home matters. He described the State Seminary situated three miles outside of Alexandria as "one the most magnificent buildings in the United States. Prescott's prediction about his going to Congress might not come true.

Wincker and Tooke gave a statement of Pierson's account and notified him that all of his cotton in the company's care had been shipped to Phillip Nixon and Company. David Pierson notified his father that the application for a certain plot of land had been filed. Pierson wrote regarding his school and the visit to a plantation of Colonel Gibson, where there were twenty slaves and a bachelor overseer. Pierson wrote that his legal duties might prevent his spending the Christmas holidays at Mount Lebanon.

He promised to bring his sister a boyfriend when he came home. Pierson wrote that he had beaten his opponent in the recent election by six to one. The parish gave its support to the Union ticket, but rumors existed that the state had gone for secession. He also discussed the great number of legal cases he was handling.

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Pierson informed his brother that his company had uniforms and would get rifles the next day. Upon arrival of ammunition, Pierson's regiment was to move to Fort Smith, Arkansas. There might be a fight on the Arkansas River with Montgomery of Kansas. David expressed disappointment at the lack of communication from his brother, Ruben.

He described the cheering of the residents of Pine Bluff for the Confederate soldiers and the rescue of a drowning Winn Rifleman. The regiment was camped at the arsenal grounds, awaiting orders from General McCulloch. Pierson guessed that they might go to Missouri. They were proceeding on foot, because the river was too low for travel by boat.

Pierson described camp life. Ruben Allen discussed his arrival at Camp Moore and his introduction to the Confederate service. He remarked that many believed that the war would end by fall. Pierson described his arrival at Camp Moore and his being sworn into the service of the state. He mentioned the large number of flies in camp, "one of the filthiest places I have been permitted to see," and eating places that "would turn the stomach of any other being except a soldier. Pierson reported on the formation of his regiment, the 9th Louisiana with Richard Taylor as Colonel. He listed the companies, remarking that there were no French or Irish companies, only "all whole souled country boys.

Pierson mentioned being sick. Shortly he would go to Richmond, and he might be promoted to sergeant. Pierson had little news except the illness of several men, but he himself was "as hardy as a buck negro. Pierson was writing while en route to Richmond. He mentioned that as the troops were leaving, the women shouted, waved, shook banners, and ran out with fruits and bouquets for them. He also remarked that he had seen a few well-cultivated farms on his trip. As Pierson's company traveled to Richmond, at every station along the way the ladies had cheered them.

The camp at Richmond was full of activity, and Jefferson Davis had toured it to a massive series of ground-shaking cheers from the soldiers. Pierson had arrived two days after the first battle of Manassas [July 21], but reported on the battlefield scene. I "must confess that I had never formed any idea of the horrors attending a large battle," he wrote. Pierson discussed camp life, the price of shoes and food, and the absence of officers on account of illness.

The soldiers wanted to see Colonel Richard Taylor promoted to General, because he would not let them have any whiskey. He asked for clothing from home and praised the ladies for making clothes for the troops. He mentioned former schoolmates, whom he had seen in the army. Pierson recounted that there was considerable illness in the companies. The Bienville Blues had nearly one-half of their men sick. He tried to discourage his brother from joining up by telling of the hard life of a soldier. The 3rd Louisiana regiment was in the heart of a major battle waged against the Union forces under General [Nathaniel] Lyon on August Pierson described the battle, his regiment's various positions during the engagement, and horrors to be seen following it.

He also mentioned the death of General Lyon in this battle and the burial of his body by Secessionists of Springfield. Pierson listed the articles of clothing that he wanted for the coming winter. Pearce] for his "ignorance and extreme timid health. Pierson repeated some optimistic rumors that England had recognized the Confederacy and expressed the hope that he would be home by Christmas. He reported that two-thirds of the company were sick and all were suffering from want of provisions.

He gave some prices of food. The letter was written by a friend, as quinine had made Pierson "too nervous to write. He stated that all the men wanted to go home, but would do so only under an honorable peace. From a hospital Pierson reported that he had been ill with typhoid fever for four weeks, as had a number of the men.

There were rumors of attacking Washington under the leadership of P. He reported that a general Louisiana hospital was being established in Richmond. Pierson reported that he was recovering from illness and said that he had found many "money friends" in Virginia. He praised the women who were attending to the sick and wounded soldiers. He described what he had seen on the battlefield where the First Manassas had been fought. At Bull Run, he stated, the Louisianians had gotten a reputation for good fighting. Pierson wrote that his regiment had gone back to Missouri and had left him in Arkansas, sick with typhoid fever.

Furloughs were difficult to obtain, because they were numerous requests for them. Sim was bringing articles from home to the Winn Riflemen. The Kansas Jayhawkers had been responsible for much destruction of property in Missouri. Pierson rejoiced over the arrival of the wagon from home that had brought the company blankets, warm clothing, and money. He discussed financial matters and said that he would rejoin his regiment in a week.

Pierson reported that rumors were that the next fight would be a Confederate attack on the Federals. He encouraged his brother to work hard in school. Pierson described a sixteen-mile march through the mud. He reported an outbreak of pneumonia. He encouraged his sister in her beginning a career as a teacher. David wrote that the men were awaiting an enemy near the Arkansas-Missouri border. Although Generals Price and McCulloch were jealous of each other, they might combine forces for the confrontation.

Pierson had heard that the Missouri Legislature in Pineville had passed an ordinance of secession. Pierson wrote that he never imagined that there could be so much illness among the men. Now mumps was making its way through the camp. He mentioned the pleasant brass bands on parade, and said that he would not be asking for a furlough. Pierson spoke of his health and that of the camp.

He described the defenses of the camp and repeated rumors of going to Cumberland Gap. He asked her to tell the Negroes hello for him. Pierson described the quarters, a massive parade of the Louisiana brigade, and the daily rations. He hoped that Lincoln would realize that the Confederate success was God's punishment for his attack on the rights of others.

He thanked his father for a quart of bourbon. Pierson, who was acting as orderly, described the health of the company. He reported that there was little war news, except a few skirmishes of pickets.

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He gave news of several friends. Pierson discussed the building of winter quarters, rations, the health of the company, the death of Frank Long in Richmond, and the absence of Captain Pierce, who had returned to Louisiana [to meet with the Legislature]. He instructed his father to rent out his Negroes and asked his creditors in Sparta and Mount Lebanon to go easy on him. The Confederacy owed him four months' pay. The letter is full of brotherly banter about some female friends at home. Ruben Allen mentioned getting tight at Christmastime and described the holiday celebration in the camp.

Pierson wrote about Christmas in camp and expressed his attitude towards Southern women. He mentioned that he was pleased with the arrangements his father had made for hiring out Lettie [a slave]. Pierson wrote defending the rights of Southerners. He said that camp life had convinced him never to be a bachelor. He mentioned friends and his sister's teaching career near "old parson Zachariah's. Pierson wrote that the men might soon be ordered to go to Kentucky. He mentioned the rations in camp and his health and commented on the intentions of his brother David to re-enlist and fight until death to defend Southern rights.


He said that it was expected that the next battles would take place in the Western states. Pierson stated that he would re-enlist and that most of the company probably would also, as the "weak-hearted" had either left already, died, or been killed. He reported that Captain [Benjamin W. Pearce] had returned from his time in the Louisiana Legislature. He closed the letter with a morbid religious discourse. Pierson wrote that Captain Pearce had returned. He mentioned Monroe Thomas and Phillip Collins, who were in good health.

Pierson described his trip to Vicksburg and mentioned plans to travel by boat on the rising Arkansas River. A powerful Northern army had advanced upon General Price at Springfield. Pierson, after traveling hard to join his regiment, had located the men in retreat. The regiment had burned its own winter quarters, and the town of Fayetteville had also been burned. Many military stores and provisions were burned, because there were no means of transporting them. The troops, he reported, had confidence in General McCulloch. He believed, however that the small band of men had fought desperately.

The rain had made the roads muddy and often impassable. Pierson was now second-in-command in his regiment. Pierson wrote that they had been marching continuously to join General T. The regiment had been on a picket in sight of the enemy, but there had been only skirmishing. He mentioned that he had asked his father to have a Negro boy sent to him. Ruben Allen wrote of illness in the camp. He mentioned the deaths of Perry Humphreys and William Mathews. The army had received orders to begin a march to attack the enemy.

This was an unexpected move on Beauregard's part, Pierson said, but he believed it would lead to some strategic advantage. Pierson discussed reorganization in the army following the Conscript Act. He wrote that he had been re-elected to lead the men. He also asked his father to send him a Negro boy. He explained that he was reluctant to give a description of the defenses, because his knowledge was limited to the site where he was stationed. Pierson reported on the maneuvers since his company had come under General Stonewall Jackson's command.

He wrote about the battles at Front Royal [May 23] and Winchester [May 25] and subsequent engagements, mentioning the high number of Union soldiers captured and supplies taken. He listed the names of the wounded and dead in his company. Out of men enrolled, only 60 were in camp and fit for duty. Pierson reported that all had been quiet. Colonel Louis Hebert had been made a Brigadier and commanded Pierson's brigade, now the 2nd.

The health of the army had greatly improved. Pierson remarked that all was quiet on the both the Northern and Southern sides, and he expected an armistice. The regiment had been designated as the brigade sharpshooters, a demanding position. As of July 16, non-conscripts would be discharged, reducing the regiment by one hundred men. All had been quiet, but several divisions had moved north. Armstrong had been promoted to Brigadier General of Cavalry. The soldiers had rejoiced upon hearing news of the war from Virginia.

Pierson described the battlefield after the the Battle of Gaine's Mill also called [1st] Cold Harbor with the ground littered with bodies of Union soldiers, dead and dying. He was the only Captain who had held up under Stonewall Jackson's forced marches. As Captain he was sharing everything with the troops, including provisions, which consisted of nothing but bacon and flour. Pierson wrote that the non-conscripts had been discharged. The 3rd Louisiana Regiment was acknowledged as the best drilled and disciplined in the army.

He had been detailed on a general court-martial at General Price's headquarters. Pierson told his father that an expressman named Haynes would regularly carry letters between Natchitoches, Louisiana and the 3rd Regiment. Pierson believed that Price was overrated by the press. Pierson described the horrors of war, but said that he dreaded most telling those at home about the death of a loved one. Camp fare consisted of beef and bread with a little bacon. He mentioned the fate of some of their relatives. Pierson wrote of the horrors of war and the excitement of battle, noting how different it was from what he had expected.

He gave sixteen names of company members who had died, most of them as a result of disease. He had little faith in mediation in the war. He had heard rumors that Richard Taylor had been promoted to Major General and was returning to Louisiana. Were this true, he and the rest of the regiment might return with him. They were presently under General A.

He did not bring his troops with him. Due to a false alarm concerning a Federal cavalry, the army had left camp at Tupelo for Saltillo. These false alarms were damaging to the morale of the troops. All but two divisions of the Army of the West had moved to Chattanooga. Pierson also mentioned Colonel Frank C. Armstrong's brilliant victory at Courtland, Alabama, and discussed the officer's great military aptitude. Pierson said that he had been ill with fever, but he had taken an ambulance to the front to [Cedar Mountain? He was now in Charlottesville with good food and rest.

As a result of a major reorganization, he was in a new brigade composed of the 1st, 2nd, 9th, 10th, and 15th Louisiana Regiments in Stonewall Jackson's division. The enemy was destroying citizens' property, while General Price's army lay idle. The 3rd Louisiana Regiment was eager to get out of the "Missouri click. Pierson wrote mainly about the events of the second Bull Run campaign in August and early September.

He related Confederate successes over General John Pope's army. He closed with religious thoughts on death. Hawell informed Pierson that his son Captain David Pierson had been wounded at the battle Iuka by a bullet in the head. Pierson described the battle of Sharpsburg and gave the names of members of his company who were dead, wounded, or missing. He was absent at the surrender of Harper's Ferry, the battle of Sharpsburg, and battle of Martinsburg, Virginia.

Pierson wrote that after the battle of Sharpsburg [Antietam], they had retired to Winchester and, except for one raid to destroy twenty miles of track of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, they had remained there. The Union forces were content to remain in fortifications. He had not been paid since May. The story of the Louisiana Baptist was completely wrong about his activities. The author, he added, "must be some one who generally gets sick about the time the cannons begin to roar.

Wells and edited by H. Pierson wrote about the health of several mutual friends and expressed the hope that the company would be sent back to Louisiana, as Governor Moore had refused to send any more Louisiana troops to Virginia. If Pierson were to come back, he would try to get his brother James a position in the cavalry. He complained that the food was poor. Pierson again wrote about destroying the railroad and about the refusal of the Union troops under [George Briton] McClellan to fight. He repeated the rumor that they were going to Louisiana for the winter.

His company had been transferred from the 2nd Louisiana Brigade, and they were now once again in [Richard Stoddert] Ewell's division.

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He noted the bravery of John Evans. Pierson thanked his sister for the woolen socks. Some of his men had no shoes and some would soon have none. Although there had been snow, there were few blankets. He believed that the Union now feared Jackson and his men and would not attack them. He also mentioned other soldiers from the Bienville area. Pierson wrote that there had been little activity since Antietam [September 17], with only brief forays by either side. He wrote about the high price of food and clothing and the poor camp fare.

The Confederate prisoners taken at Manassas had been exchanged and were now back on duty. His brother James was in business in Texas. Pierson's company was facing across the Rappahannock River after having marched twenty miles a day for a week. Some of the men had marched without shoes. It was cold with snow on the ground. The food was poor and limited to beef and flour. The writer gave news of the company. The men were greatly in need of blankets, socks, pants, and shoes. Pierson was glad that his brother David was mending from the wound and that he had found such a perfect angel to court.

He related the hardships of camp. On march from Winchester, however, they had come across a distillery "and all hands both officers and men got a general binder [sic] and merry yes very merry was the times. Pierson gave a general description of the battle of Fredericksburg, December There were cases of small pox in camp, but he had been vaccinated, as had most of the men. There was such a fear of smallpox that Pierson had camped in an open field in Monroe, Louisiana. He was on his way to Grenada, Mississippi, where fighting was expected.

Jefferson Davis had been inspecting "the works on the Yazoo. All prisoners from the 3rd Louisiana Regiment had been exchanged. James was preparing to travel by railroad to a station near Canton, Mississippi. The Union forces were now at the mouth of the Yazoo. He had seen E. Kirby-Smith's entire command at Jackson on Christmas night. Pierson found amusing the [Louisiana] Frenchmen of the 3rd Regiment, who "gather together in large crowds and all talk at once.

Their brother David had been ill with cholera morbus. Pierson had been promoted to the rank of Major. They were camped out on the Yazoo River in a very muddy area, and the French soldiers had ingeniously built cane house. The farmers of the area had supplied them with good foodstuffs at reasonable prices.


The weather had been rainy and some soldiers had no tents. He quoted the prices of pork, lard, butter, and eggs. He had visited a lady in the country who had given him and Dr [P. His brother David had bought two horses. Pierson wrote mainly about the activities of members of his company and the outbreak of smallpox. He asked for boots and news from home.

Pierson was sending his sister a Southern Illustrated News, which had some fine war stories. Their muddy camp on the Yazoo was "the most detestable spot on the face of the globe. On of Pierson's trunks had been broken into and everything of value had been stolen. He remained in command of the regiment in absence of the Colonel and the Lieutenant Colonel. There had been some false alarms, and the regiment had had to spend the night in damp, cold ditches.

A man had been killed at camp when a mud house had fallen in on him. Pierson hoped that the troops would soon go to Yazoo City, because there were no food supplies left at their campsite. He mentioned the constant rain, the death of the man by the caving in of the mud house, and their brother David's misfortune with his trunk. James had no clothes either, because his were also taken. There was a large Union force above Yazoo City and fighting occurred daily. He would stay in the army until the trouble was over so that he would not have to live with a guilty conscience.

Pierson wrote about the loss of the money that the members of the company had sent home. John Norris was the only smallpox case in the company. Brown had died of the disease. The Federals were withdrawing their troops from the Rappahannock. An enemy attack on the Snyder's Mill area was expected at any time. The Confederate troops were large and in good spirits. The Union forces had been unsuccessful in getting through Yazoo Pass. The prices of food were very high and the Commissary Department supplied only poor beef and coarse cornmeal.

His brother James was serving as an orderly. It was rumored that Governor Moore had made a requisition to the President for five Louisiana regiments, including the 3rd Infantry. Pierson described the shallow graves at the Fredericksburg battlefield and the sight of bodies sticking out of the ground.

His troops were angry with the scoundrel Wells, who had lost the money they had entrusted to him to take home for them. There was illness in camp. He mentioned the Conscription Act in the North and its effect on the nation. He noted the death of John Holland and gave news of some others members of his company. The Federals were bringing transports up the Yazoo River in a probable attempt to establish a camp on Chickasaw [Bayou? Pierson had a pass to travel to Vicksburg and was eager to see the fleet above the city.

He discussed the possible Union strategy to take Vicksburg. He added that he felt very strong and healthy. There had not been a fight in so long that rumor of an enemy approach failed to alarm. The men cheerfully endured the lack of provisions. Snyder's Mill, also known as Hayne's Bluff promised to be the scene of fighting soon. General [Winfield Scott] Featherston had been sent to check their progress, and Pierson doubted that the Yankees would be successful in getting down the Yazoo River. More men were being recruited, among whom was his old friend Asa Emanuel.

Pierson's older brother David had gotten a cold at Deer Creek as a result of exposure to the wetness. The enemy had fallen back so the soldiers were again in camp. He commented at some length on Mr. Geren, a preacher and "crinoline guard," who was not respected in the community [Mount Lebanon? The company had received 13 new recruits and the regiment about Pierson also gave current food prices. Pierson described the Confederate operation against the Union troops on Deer Creek, a small stream that emptied in to the Yazoo River.

The Federals had retreated, and the fighting never took place. He also described a shelling by Union gunboats about a mile from camp. Free pork rations had led to more illness than before. The men caught fish and shot wild turkey, although the latter was forbidden as a waste of ammunition.

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Pierson sent regards to all the young ladies at home. He mentioned having met someone named Todd, who [alleged] that he was a brother of Mrs. He was an army officer and "an enthusiast in the cause of the South. Pierson wrote about the food in camp, which included oysters, rice, bacon, biscuits, molasses, and liquor as well. He mentioned drilling, a ball game in which as many as one hundred played at one time, the ruins of Fredericksburg, and his sending an April fool to a girl back home in Mount Lebanon.

The weather had been too severe for action, and Pierson believed that the North was waiting to use the conscripts as reinforcements. Pierson believed that the army headquarters had never been in as good a shape as it is now. He vigorously expressed his feelings about Wells, who had lost the money and letters that the soldiers had sent home. Thomas Page was to be off duty for forty days. Pierson described the ruins of Frederickburg and the social activities of the Confederates who occupied the city.

He had faith in the course of the war. Pierson considered it "one of the best things Payton Maddox was very sick with pneumonia at Pattensburg. General Lee's policy was to stay on the defensive, and the Union forces had not yet advanced. For five month's the opposing armies of General Hooker and Lee had been quietly in view of each other. Pierson's men received a sermon by a preacher every Sunday. Pierson also described the soldier's fare and bread-making contests among the men. He was sending his sister two newspapers, the Magnolia and Southern Illustrated News, ever week. Pierson wrote that the Federals would probably soon attack from south of Vicksburg near New Carthage.

The Red River was blockaded, and Confederate supplies were cut off. He mentioned the loss of the New Iberia salt mines, the defeat of the Confederate armies under Generals Richard Taylor and [Henry Hopkins] Sibley, the occupation of the Louisiana coast, and the plundering by the Union cavalry from the Tennessee River near Iuka, Mississippi, to Jackson. The enemy was threatening from every point.


The soldiers were idle in camp. Pierson's brother David had been summoned to Vicksburg to attend a court-martial. James asked for news of friend Hodge, who was trying to stay out of the army. Pierson had just participated in the battle of [Chancellorsville April May 5 in which General "Joe" Hooker was defeated. He gave the names of the members of his company who were dead, wounded, or missing.

He imputed cowardice to the Union soldiers and described their fear of the famous Louisiana yell. After the heavy fighting the troops were resting, for, he wrote, "the fortitude and endurance of the men have been taxed to the utmost extent still they bear it all almost without a murmur. Pierson asked his father to notify Dr. Pierson described the hardships suffered in the recent battle of [Chancellorsville]. He listed again the names of those from Company C who were injured, dead, or missing. According to Pierson, the Federals had had seven corps.

In preparation for death and in thanksgiving for life spared, Pierson had decided to "suppress all immoral practices" and serve as an example to his men. The enemy came up the Yazoo River with fifteen transports and five gunboats. The Confederates were fearful because troops had been withdrawn from the Snyder's Mill area to fortify the area below Vicksburg. Pierson's regiment served as skirmishers behind a levee and experienced heavy shelling. Pierson described the battle with gunboats and the desertion of a Union soldier in the midst of the fight. He mentioned the resignation of Lieutenant Colonel [Jerome B.

Grant and [John Clifford] Pemberton. As the Confederates could now buy plenty of local milk, butter, and vegetables, the men were in high spirits and were determined to win. Pierson's division General Jubal A. Early's guarded the entrenchments around Fredericksburg in the face of General John Sedgwick's army. The Confederates had been forced temporarily to give up Mary's Heights.

Pierson listed the company's losses and commented on its general failing health. This item is a cover letter for obituaries, to be published in the Louisiana Baptist, of [Corporal] Thomas J. The company members who were captured or missing after the battle near Fredericksburg had been returned. Albert Thompson was believed dead. Pierson listed reasons why he believed that Company C could fight the most severe battles and still suffer few casualties He commented on the good heath and attitude of the men. The troops had received little news from Vicksburg and were anxious about the situation there.

He gave his personal thoughts about death. Because communication lines had been cut, he was sending the letter home with Lieutenant [John H.? Pierson deeply regretted the fall of Vicksburg and commented at length on the willingness of men to die rather than to be "subjugated by the merciless hord[e]s of King Abraham. He also mentioned the large numbers of prisoners, cattle, horses, wagons, and field artillery taken by the Confederate Army on its retreat from Gettysburg.

Losses at Gettysburg were heavy to both sides, and Pierson gave the names of the dead and wounded from the 9th Regiment and from Company C. Our list of casualties are growing very fast and soon over half of those who first came out in April will be numbered with those who were. Pierson had been under arrest for letting one of his men cross a fence with a gun in order to avoid a mud hole. The army had retreated to Hagerstown, Maryland, and had carried off cattle, horses, supplies, and ammunition from Pennsylvania.

Robert Smith of the Minden Blues had been captured by the enemy.

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The Gettysburg battle had been the worst Pierson had seen. The Federals, he said, had chosen an advantageous position, because they feared meeting Lee's army on fair ground. He gave a list of casualties of company C from the battles of Winchester and Gettysburg. There were camp rumors that prominent men of Louisiana had given up on the Southern cause and were advocating Reconstruction.

Pierson expressed his hatred for the Yankees. Pierson gave names of casualties in Company C since the battle of Chancellorsville. The army was in good health, and there were many new recruits. There was a religious revival among the troops. He was disturbed by the rumors that some wealthy Louisiana planters were taking the United States Oath of Allegiance. Pierson was now the only commissioned officer in the company of thirty-two men.

Pierson gave a lengthy account of the battle of November 7 and listed the names of those captured. The troops were camped on the Rapidan River near Raccoon Ford. Pierson related the details of his arrest by Brigadier General Leroy A. Stafford on the 28th of June and the subsequent dismissal of charges. He also described the military maneuvers of Lee's army since it had left Pennsylvania. The Army of Northern Virginia was camped on the Rapidan River, where they had remained after the retreat following the Rappahannock battle in November.

There was another skirmish on November 27, when the Union troops crossed the Rapidan at Germana Ford. Pierson gave news of several men in his camp. Pierson gave the location of the camp and said that many men were now getting sick furloughs. The men who been captured were at Point Lookout, Maryland. There was a rumor that the brigade might be transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department. The men were opposed to being consolidated with the 2nd Louisiana Brigade, as it included many foreigners.

Koonce was killed at Lookout Mountain, and that Blake Braswell was missing. Pierson was in winter quarters. He believed that there would be no action until spring.

He had received word from Sergeant [Payton P. He mentioned that the Confederate Congress had changed the Substitute Act and commented, "This throws all classes upon an equal footing giving to the poor man the same chance as his wealthy neighbor and will doubtless rid our country of many fat saucy extortionists and speculators who have been striving to make fortunes off the necessities of human sustenance not caring if the widowed wives and orphaned children of the soldier perished for want of food.

Pierson would not be needing a pony since he was keeping a mule for one of the men. Pierson believed that the Congress would abolish slavery in order to gain European support. Some people were selling their slaves in Western Texas in exchange for gold. Pierson listed clothing prices in Richmond and discussed the new Confederate Conscription Act.

The Confederate Congress was in secret session to devise means to prevent further devaluation of Confederate currency. He gave the names of the wounded from Company C. He related what he knew about Jessy Carter, J. Greer, who were missing. The men captured in the fall had been taken to Point Lookout, Maryland. The Confederate Congress was in secret session to deal with the problem of currency devaluation. Pierson expressed his dissatisfaction with those who had given up on the Southern cause. Pierson gave news of his company.

John Palmore and F. George Whitley and W. Many of those captured at Rappahannock Station had been paroled. He recounted his visits with relatives in Griffin and Lumpkin, Georgia. Once again, he expressed displeasure with the pessimistic attitude of the people of Louisiana. He concluded the letter with religious thoughts. All soldiers of the brigade, who had been captured at the battle of Rappahannock the previous November, had been paroled. Pierson described his visit with relatives in Georgia and mentioned having met attractive ladies. He advised his sister never to marry "any young man who puts a substitute in the army [or] on who has to be dragged into service by law.

For fear that his family did not believe his latest letter, Pierson told again of his trip on furlough to visit relatives in Georgia. He had heard that [Nathaniel P. Pierson pointed out the advantages of swamps and thickets in dealing with large enemy forces. He also made disparaging remarks about Bank's ability as a leader. Pierson had not been in battle since Gettysburg. He gave news of other members of his company.

Pierson had been slightly wounded in the right hand during the first day of battle between the armies of Lee and Grant. It was expected that the present campaign would end the war, because the Union troops were decreasing as a result of desertion and expiration of terms of service. Lassiter died in battle and E. Stephens was severely wounded. Pierson was now on furlough and was staying with Uncle Randle Pierson.

The Union campaign against Charleston and Sherman's advances into Mississippi were failures. Pierson mentioned having been shot in the hand. While on furlough in Georgia he had contracted a fever and had had to stop at the hospital in Macon. He had also caught smallpox. He also mentioned his brother Jim had overstayed his leave and faced the possibility of imprisonment in the guardhouse. His Negro cook had camp fever. His brother James had been excused from punishment for overstaying his leave.

The general had promised the regiment that their ranks would be filled to avoid consolidation. Pierson had visited General [Henry] Gray's headquarters where none of the officers understood the reason for being sent to the Ouachita. Pierson believed that these divisions were being sent to the east side of the Mississippi River. He requested that [Julius D. The regiment had only a few guns but expected to be armed soon. The army was concentrating on Black River, probably to cross the Mississippi River. Two officers were arrested in Alexandria for discussing army maneuvers, and Colonel [William E.?

The food sent him had arrived spoiled. It appeared that young Pierson would remain in Shreveport for some time, because winter quarters were being set up. Pierson also mentioned that he had a pony and that [Rufus] K. Houston had been sick. Pierson was sending home a pair of cotton pants, a shirt, some cartridges, and some caps. Apparently his brother David was now at home. He thanked the family for gifts of a knife, gloves, and wine and expressed hope that he might come for Christmas. Pierson had an inflammation of the glands and mouth.

His face was swollen and the doctor had diagnosed the ailment as "aercipillas" [ersipelas]. Pierson had a three-day leave to come home for Christmas. Because he would be using a horse, it would only take him one day to get home. He had been on guard duty two or three times a week. Pierson was enjoying himself in the "fast city of Shreveport," which was full of men from Walker's division.

They might go on to Houston. Although Pierson had previously been on guard duty at the "Sugar House," he was now on permanent guard duty at the powder magazine. He had sent some blue cloth home by Mr. Simmes of Winn Parish. Pierson was sorry to hear of the smallpox epidemic around his home and to learn that the family had not received the blue cloth he had sent.

A grand barbecue had been held in honor of General [John Horace? There had been "a sham battle and many pretty maneuvers. Directors elected at the annual general meeting on April 20, At the annual general meeting on April 20, , the following directors were elected by acclamation: Member directors Suzanne Blanchet, Cascades inc.

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