He was brought back to Bearn when he turned His military education began around the same time. The queen, who was a follower of John Calvin, began to bring him up as a Protestant.
By that time, the conflict between the Protestants and the Catholics had started. In the autumn of , the queen launched an expedition against the rebellious Catholic gentry in South Navarre. Henri III, who was then around fourteen years old, became its nominal head. However, they were defeated on March 30, The young Prince then had further military education under Gaspard de Coligny. The long campaign through ravaged area instilled in him a military spirit that would remain with him for the rest of his life. He specially distinguished himself on June 26 at the Battle of Arnay-le-duc.
Peace was concluded in August, It was followed by massacre of several thousand Protestants, who came to Paris for the wedding. Known in the history as Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, it spread to other parts of the country in no time. Moreover, he was confined to the French Court until and then escaped.
Henri IV of France
On leaving Paris the King revered back to the Protestant Church. By the end of the year, the civil war broke out once again. The King of Navarre displayed extreme common sense and convinced his co-religionists to accept the Treaty of Bergerac on September 17, Henry III of France did not have any other option but to accept him as his successor. The Pope sided with them. Others proposed that the Salic law should be revoked. Both of them would have undermined the sovereignty of France.
The League had also taken control of Paris. Together they laid siege to Paris on July 30, The war between the King and League dragged on for nine years. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.
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Henry IV of France
Don't have an account? American Historical Association members Sign in via society site. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Dec 9, See Article History. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: His policy of religious uniformity in the Netherlands alienated the most wealthy and prosperous part of his dominions.
Henri IV of France: His Reign and Age - Vincent J. Pitts - Google Книги
Finally, his ambition to make England and France the satellites of Spain weakened his ability to suppress Protestantism in…. Henry succeeded in making…. This new situation produced the War of the Three Henrys —89 , during which the Guise faction—led by Henri I de Lorraine, 3 e duc de Guise—sought to have Navarra excluded from the succession. The threat of a….
In order to pacify the land he made his submission to Rome and promulgated an edict of toleration for the Huguenots, the Edict of Nantes, in…. Early life and education statue In Paris: Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Heir presumptive to the throne. The achievements of the reign.
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