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Scritti raccolti in memoria del xv centenario della nascita di S. Benedetto — Miscellanea Cassinese 44, , — reprinted in Montecassino and Benevento. Jerusalem , 49—62 reprinted in Conquerors and Churchmen in Norman Italy. Woodbridge , —98 reprinted in Montecassino and Benevento. Bari , — reprinted in Montecassino and Benevento in the Middle Ages.
The Latin Church in Norman Italy by G. A. Loud
Cambridge , — Southern Italy and the Norman Conquest Harlow Woodbridge , — Sizilien und das Reich , ed. Sigmaringen , 29— Rome , — I normanni chiamano gli svevi Atti del secondo convegno internazionale , Montevergine , — Essays Presented to Richard William Southern , ed. Essays Presented to Margaret Gibson , ed. London , 19— Arabic Speakers and the End of Islam London Monaco , Michele , Sanctuarium Capuanum Naples Montecassino dalla prima alla secunda distruzione. Momente e aspetti distoria cassinese sec. Lineamenti e richerche Trani Morris , Colin , The Papal Monarchy.
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Schmidt , Tillman , Alexander II.
The Latin Church in Norman Italy
Servatius , Carlo , Paschalis II. Studien zu seiner Person und seiner Politik Stuttgart The Duchy of Gaeta and its Neighbours, — Cambridge Leiden , 75— Stroll , Mary , The Jewish Pope. Ideology and Politics in the Papal Schism Leiden Loud examines the relationship Review of the hardback: It is a volume that packs in an enormous amount of original research and knowledge and is a great resource for both historians of medieval Italy and of the medieval Church and religion.
Overall, The Latin Church in Norman Italy is a marvellous read, written in consistently clear prose, full of interesting detail and anecdotes. The volume comes with an impressive bibliography featuring primary sources of the greatest variety, particularly rich in chronicles, six appendices, and a subject index. Loud has produced an extremely valuable contribution to the history of Norman Italy and Christianity in the high Middle Ages. It is an especially important book because it discusses a topic that has never before been given such a thorough and in-depth treatment.
It contains a wealth of information on the people and institutions that made up the Norman Church, reflecting Loud's intimate knowledge of the archives and sources. It also provides useful points of comparison between the Church in Norman Italy and other parts of Latin Christendom. These two chapters demonstrate well the symbiotic relationship between the kings and churchmen in the Regno. Chapter 7 examines the spiritual life of the secular clergy and their relationship with the laity, emphasizing the local role of bishops who administered small dioceses and participated minimally in royal politics or government.
In the twelfth century a number of changes occurred to the secular church, including the appearance of parish churches and archpriests in some dioceses, the development of urban confraternities, the gradual separation of the property of the cathedral chapter from that of the bishop, and the slow disappearance of proprietary houses.
During this time, the bishops' role changed, as they moved from merely carrying out passive sacramental duties to leading the clergy and religious houses in their dioceses with real authority. Chapter 8 discusses monastic reform, in particular the spread of the Benedictine rule and the emergence of large abbeys with numerous properties and dependent cells, obtained both through donation and purchase.
Although eremitic forms of monasticism, characteristic of pre-Norman era, survived, they were largely domesticated within the Benedictine tradition by the end of the twelfth century, while new religious orders from northern Europe, such as the Cistercians, did not appear until the s.
The final chapter of the book discusses the relationship among Latins, Greeks, and non-Christians. There was no attempt to Latinize the church, and Greek clerics and practices continued to be found in the region through the Norman era and beyond. The only new requirement was that Greek clerics place themselves and their religious houses into the newly established ecclesiastical [End Page ] hierarchy in the region, subject to the pope.
Similarly, the Norman rulers of the twelfth century tolerated Muslim and Jewish populations, who were important components of both the government and the economy up through the end of the twelfth century. According to Loud, the Norman rulers took a pragmatic approach to the diversity of religions in their kingdom, allowing the practice of other religions to guarantee the continued prosperity of their kingdom. Loud has written a well-researched and highly detailed study of the transformations brought to the southern Italian Church after the Norman conquest.
It contains a wealth of information on the people and institutions that made up the Norman Church, reflecting Loud's intimate knowledge of the archives and sources. It also provides useful points of comparison between the Church in Norman Italy and other parts of Latin Christendom.