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It was concluded that there are strong coincidences between the susceptible spaces to the physical processes of the environmental vulnerability and the places that present the worst social indicators, which are mistreated by an anthropic factor, the land use. Small Hydroelectric Stations; Vulnerability; Sustainability. Companies are exposed to different pressures to respond to environmental sustainability issues. It is critical to understand how firms integrate environmental issues into their corporate agendas and how these integration strategies affect corporate performance.

This paper investigates factors that motivate firms to adopt environmental marketing strategies and their relative impact on sustainable new product development performance. A conceptual framework is developed and tested that portrays the antecedents and consequences of environmental marketing strategy. The results show that developing environmental strategies that exceed regulations proactive strategies leads to better new product performance than those that only adhere to regulations reactive strategies. We also find that commitment from top management becomes critical only for proactive strategies, not for reactive strategies.

Finally, we show that environmental marketing strategies lead to new product advantage and, ultimately, improved sustainable new product performance. Urban sustainability and Gross National Happiness: The effort in measuring well-being and happiness by plethora of different indicators and frameworks are stepping up globally, despite critics for not being accepted as the national indicator to promote subjective well-being due to the methodological approach and choices of well-being dimensions employed.

This variation among different groups in society having different perceptions on community well-being measurement have made the traditional measurement tool loses validity. This study, therefore, reviews current research on community well-being measurement to justify the inclusion of different sustainability metrics required to optimize community well-being outcomes for national happiness and urban sustainability. The review is primarily based on peer-reviewed journal papers, as well as books, and documents published by international organizations.

Forty-four 44 scientific articles were identified, out of a total of research studies drawn from the electronic data search from the world of science focusing on seven key dimensions: The finding shows that social dimension remains the most studied on community well-being research, followed by economy, environment, health, and governance, and subsequently leaving the dimension of culture with the less attention.

Also, the findings distinguished objective and subjective well-being indicator approach used in the studies context. However, the objective approach is most widely used across the dimensions in the studies while the subjective domain is less studied. This finding suggests that a multidisciplinary conceptual framework towards a holistic view is desirable to allow for a more theory-based tool to evaluate multidimensional issues of urban environment and community well-being at all levels.

Community assessment; urban dimensions; Subjective Well-Being; sustainable development. Employee productivity improvement and HR cost reduction are two useful options for a cost leader. This study aims to examine the association between human resource information systems HRIS , employee productivity, and HR costs by focusing on the data of 40 Bangladeshi banks. The impact of one standard deviation variation of HRIS application on employee productivity and HR costs is then calculated using multiple regression analysis. Results indicate that the use of HRIS applications generated a higher efficiency in terms of employee productivity and the reduction of HR costs where all things remain constant.

It was also observed that employee productivity does not vary according to bank ownership patterns though state-owned banks and private-owned banks experience different HR costs. In this article we examine the pre- and post-sustainable positions from which sustainable organizations emerge and to which they devolve while addressing the factors that affect the patterns of emergence and devolution.

Drawing from existing definitions of sustainable enterprises, we describe three categories of sustainable organizations and conceptualize how enterprises enter and leave these sustainable positions. This work builds upon existing concepts of sustainable enterprise that mainly take a prescriptive approach toward managing transitions toward varying concepts of organizational sustainability.

Our work fills a research gap by examining what the conditions of pre- and post-sustainability can mean for enterprises. The global business landscape is characterised by uncertainty that has compelled firms to look beyond traditional models of management, which are under scrutiny in terms of sustainability. Researchers have advocated entrepreneurship as a means for firms to transform themselves into flexible, more responsive units that provide enhanced services through ongoing innovation. The context and survey population for this study is the South African healthcare sector. Hypotheses are formulated to show how different variables operate through different pathways to increase overall sustainable corporate entrepreneurship activity.

Instruments are first subject to validity and reliability testing, and hypotheses are tested statistically using correlational analysis, path analysis and multiple regression analysis. Results support a positive relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and sustainable corporate entrepreneurship in terms of increased internal corporate venturing, strategic entrepreneurship, and competitive capability. Moreover, the results indicate this relationship is influenced by alliances and moderated by strategic regulatory factors.

Corporate sustainability; Corporate entrepreneurship; Entrepreneurial orientation; Regulations; Collaborations; Innovation; South Africa. Agricultural sustainability under emerging climatic variability: Sapkota, Dil Bahadur Rahut, M. Global demand for agricultural products continues to grow while production resources are diminishing. Increasing climatic variability poses further challenges.

Therefore, ensuring agricultural sustainability necessitates a transformation of the production system to make it more productive, input efficient and to lower the environmental footprint. Such a transformation cannot happen without system-wide actions and considerable changes in national and local governance, policies, and institutions.

On this pretext, we examined if existing climate-smart agriculture CSA can enhance adaptation to and mitigation of climate change and overall food security in India. We documented the evidence on the benefit of various CSAs in terms of production, climate change adaptation, and mitigation based on the on-farm action research in the CSVs of India.

Our results show that CSA can substantially contribute towards climate change adaptation, mitigation, and food security. Mainstreaming CSA practices into development planning through CSVs would create mutual benefits by generating an evidence base on CSAs at the local level, thereby contributing to the design of local adaptation plans of action LAPA and further feed information into state and national action plans on climate change.

Thus, strengthening collaboration between agricultural science and development policies helps achieve agricultural sustainability under emerging climatic variability. Climate-smart agriculture; climate-smart village; climate change; local adaptation plans; India. Environmental impact and sustainability assessment associated with solid waste management in Patras, Greece: Due to the lack of appropriate policies in the last decades, Greece has delayed to adopt integrated practices of solid waste management.

Municipal Solid Waste MSW management has been recognized as one of the most urgent problems in Greece which was compelled by European Engagements to follow an efficient strategy. An integrated methodology for the MSW management of the Municipality of Patras, the third largest city in Greece, which involves the construction of a combustion unit, is developed and analyzed. This study is proposed as a useful guide for the waste management of the MSW in medium-sized cities which face similar waste management problems. In order to achieve a successful methodology, the individual stages of the proposed management plan, the energy recovery through the combustion, the average density, moisture, dry weight and elemental analysis of MSW are in-detail presented.

Furthermore, the estimated investment and operating cost of the suggested scenario and the implementation of a pilot composting scheme are comprehensively presented in the prism of current trends and the provisions of EU norms. It is concluded that the combination and synergy of various management strategies is compulsory for sustainable development instead of a specific and exclusive application of a MSW management plan. Environmental impact assessment; sustainable development; waste management; energy recovery. Extractive reserves ERs are protected areas that allow people living inside, as a result of Brazilian biodiversity conservation policy.

It consists on try sustainable development together with the social local reality, allowing the survival of traditional populations with a self-sustaining economic activity. This institutionalised concept, however, seems too differ from many social products in the fields of ERs. So we intended answer why these actors, that should act in a isomorphic way, produce such diverse results? The results demonstrate that the Federal ER's are closer to the original concept, while in the state ERs there are less sustainable activities such as timber extraction. We conclude the importance of social groups in determining the outcome in ERs.

Despite the potential advantages, technology adoption often brings unexpected outcomes and even leads to failures on multiple fronts.

Sustainable Innovation Metrics – Innovation Excellence

The accountability of outcomes and failure of technology is missed out from technology development and adoption process. This issue has increasingly gained attention of researchers and practitioners. Responsible innovation RI has emerged as a concept that aims to address such issues through deploying the five dimensions anticipation, reflexivity, deliberation, responsiveness, participation in different stages of innovation process. However, the five dimensions lack of well identified and developed methodology. Therefore, the system dynamics SD modelling is explored as a method for extending the effectiveness of RI approach in practice.

SD models on energy technology adoption dynamics developed here enable the demonstration of its applicability in anticipation and reflexivity. The paper concludes that the use of SD modelling seems useful for improving the capacity of reflexive and anticipatory dimensions of RI approach in practice. Economic development is an inevitable fact of human life. This paper presents an analytical view of global economic development from three key perspectives: Natural resources being the building blocks of economic activity must be allotted significant importance in determining the wealth potential of a nation.

Inadequacy of current measures of economic growth, and deviations from the real purpose of economic activity, necessitates evolving a novel economic indicator for quantifying 'real' growth. This paper presents various views on social and environmental impact assessment of economic growth. The research is formulated within the '6E framework of sustainability', wherein the main group elements are: Finally, in order to propagate the ideology of 'sustainable and equitable' growth, a 'wealth redistribution model' based on economic-environmental equilibrium is proposed.

Conventional procurement at farm level, as starting point of the supply chain and a crucial link to farmer livelihoods and impact on sustainability, remains specifically ineffective in India. Initiatives like Fair Trade, in domain of 'alternative trade' mechanisms, have made inroads in global agricultural trade bridging the ethical consumers of the west to marginalised farmers in developing countries like India. This research paper explores indicators on all the dimensions of sustainability through literature as well as through exploratory factor analysis on primary data collected from Indian farmers who follow either conventional system or Fair Trade system to dispose their produce basmati rice.

The study also compares these systems on all indicators and dimensions of sustainability. It also explores the strength, weaknesses, suggestions to improve and reasons for formers to remain in the system.

Measuring sustainability performance innovations

Findings suggest that Fair Trade system is better on almost all dimensions of sustainability than conventional system. The benefits of sustainability-driven innovation and their impacts on performance under the three dimensions of economic, social and environmental performance has often not been adequately captured. This paper acknowledges the gap and presents a conceptual framework that helps identify the determinants towards fostering innovation performance and explains the relationship with sustainability practices through the pursuit of the exploitation of existing competencies and exploration of new opportunities from a sustainable development perspective.

Their eventual impact on innovation performance is assessed from the dynamic capabilities theory perspective. The research contributes to the field of sustainable innovation and provides a roadmap for organisations to bridge the sustainability gap. It provides a holistic framework that examines the relationships of stakeholder sustainability orientation, market orientation, exploration and exploitation regarding innovation performance and its eventual impact on sustainable development.

The research helps to confirm that the pursuit of a sustainability agenda is indeed worthwhile for organisations. Technological Innovation for Sustainable Development Towards sustainable rice processing: Rice, a staple food in the Sub-Saharan Africa is a recipient of the effect of population increase, with higher consumption than production. Being a common food in the Sub-Saharan Africa, the sustainability of its growth and processing contribute immensely to achieving food security in the region. This study addresses the problem by designing, fabricating and evaluating the performance of a locally-made threshing-cleaning machine for rice processing, tested on two common rice species in The Republic of Benin.

The machine was tested for speed, fuel and water consumption, and production output at loaded and unloaded conditions. Average fuel and water consumption differs between the two rice species at maximum engine speed. The machine produces The machine has a high fuel and water economy and offers high prospect in achieving food security in the country. Food security; performance evaluation; Republic of Benin; rice; threshing-cleaning machine. The transition to modern sources of energy, especially electricity, contributes not only to alleviate energy poverty, but also to meet the basic needs of the rural population and reduce emissions.

Given the complexity of energy choices, the dynamics of the rural population in Brazil is relevant for the evaluation of the effects of regular and safe access to electricity. Few authors have discussed the real net contributions of rural electrification on the transition to more modern energy sources and its impacts on CO2 emissions, considering its harmful health effects. As a result, this article aims to investigate the impact of regular and safe access to electricity on the rural population of Brazil, in a transition to more modern sources of energy, as well as to provide a CO2 emission assessment.

Sustainable Innovation Definition, Elementary Style

This article discusses concepts of social and technological innovation in order to analyse their relations and contradictions. After a long period in which innovation was related to social processes, it has been related to technological and economic development in the last century.

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Social innovation as a concept has acquired a restrictive meaning, being defined by many as actions to combat social exclusions and environmental degradation promoted by technological innovation. This study suggests a concept for innovation and its influence upon environmental sustainability through a bibliographical analysis that demonstrates how innovation processes are techno-socially related. It uses an analytic matrix that allows comparing these concepts to understand how socio-technical innovations promote environmental, social and economic sustainability.

In the end, it recommends more studies to determine and measure the innovative sustainable practices of an organization in both the social and technological spheres. The aim of this study was to assess if fourth year undergraduate business students attitudes towards business ethics and corporate social responsibility changed as a result of taking an elective management course on the topic. Findings suggested that a course on business ethics and corporate social responsibility had significant impact on improving a business students attitudes towards the long term benefits of sound business ethics and corporate social responsibility, the benefits of addressing stakeholders, the understanding of the social license to operate, and the use of social responsibility as a tool to address government regulations.

The study also found that initial student attitudes pre-course were generally favourable towards business ethics and corporate social responsibility. Business student attitudes; business ethics; corporate social responsibility; stakeholders; social licence to operate. Developing a framework for sustainable development in extractive industries: This paper serves to examine the roles and responsibilities of nation States in managing their extractive industries and maintaining the sustainable development of their natural resources. In Latin America there exist areas where the State is weak and communities must rely on extractive industry actors and non-State actors to replace the State in providing the necessary services to allow for the communities to remain sustainable; economically, socially and environmentally.

In order to assist extractive sector firms in evaluating their roles under that circumstance we put forward a conceptual framework that provides the principal questions that need to be considered in order to establish the rules of engagement with stakeholders and provides key principles, goals, and standards that inform the actions to be taken to promote sustainable development. Water Quality Protection of the Canada-U. This article explores the growing contribution of non-state actors private sector and civil society in the environmental regulatory governance of the North American Great Lakes and maps the various state and non-state rule-instruments, institutions, processes and actors governance arrangements , focusing on arrangements in Ontario, Canada.

The resultant combination of state and non-state regulatory arrangements in operation, sometimes functioning in a collaborative manner, sometimes in more of an adversarial way, aligns well with Webbs concept of sustainable governance. The issue of microbeads pollution in the Great Lakes is highlighted as an illustration of how state and non-state actors are variously responding to an environmental issue, and provides evidence of how the norm of water quality protection is increasingly addressed and embedded through both state and non-state mechanisms in the larger social environment.

The adverse effects of refrigerants used in vapour compression refrigeration systems VCRS on the environment has made it necessary for alternative ways of cooling for industries, offices and homes to be explored. Thermoelectric refrigeration systems can be used for cooling without the use of refrigerants.


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The most successful innovative companies observe and measure both indicators for successful development and execution of their quarterly and annual plans. Be sure to measure the time spent in each gate, and the time spent to get to the next gate. See if you can make any innovation improvements as far as efficiency along the way. Douglas Wick , President of Positioning Systems, recommends, for every one lagging indicator , you should have two leading indicators.

They help with forecasting and predicting where your business is going and protect you against falling off the cliff. Be sure to continue to observe and measure these metrics even after the product is launched. Sustainable Innovation Metrics Innova. You must be logged in to post a comment. In order to have optimal measurements there are two types of indicators metrics you need to be aware of: These types of indicators signal future events. They show you where you are heading.