The other 22 variables showed no significant difference Table 2. The other 19 variables showed no significant difference Table 3. Similarly, a positive correlation 0. The relationships between all 3 scales were evaluated using 3 regression models. Model 2 further includes the DLQI as the moderator in the model. The regression for the intersection term is also significant.
We found that at one point in time, severity of psoriasis and dermatologic and health-related quality of life and depression, anxiety, and psychological distress interact and influence each other. In addition, a number of patient characteristics influence disease severity, quality of life, and psychological status. In our study, educational background was associated with severity of disease; higher education helped the patients and they had less impairment of quality of life, a finding shared by others.
Disturbed eating was shown to significantly alter quality of life as measured by the DLQI in this research. Sleep and appetite are affected in patients with psoriasis depending on the location of the lesions on exposed parts of the skin. This loss of sleep may be very disturbing. Loss of sleep is due to physical symptoms and discomfort but affects quality of life to a great extent. Quality of sleep may also be reported due to subjective emotional experience.
These changes may cause worsening of the disease. Impaired quality of life negatively affects the psyche of patients and initiates coping mechanisms, which have long-lasting implications on the psyche of patients. These indicators are measured by the GHQ Depression, anxiety, social dysfunction, and loss of confidence are all psychiatric and psychological disorders, which can be treated only if they are identified and evaluated by a clinician who knows about them. If they go unidentified and untreated, the life of the psoriasis patient may be miserable, and the psychosocial burden of the disease may become more than the physical burden.
As dermatologists have limited knowledge of psychiatry, related needs of these patients go unmet. Medical needs may be met, but functioning and disability are not addressed. Physical needs are partially addressed, ignoring functioning and disability, whereas psychosocial needs are not addressed at all. This study has limitations. The study design was cross-sectional and, therefore, while associations may be identified, the results do not imply causality.
Temporal associations were not evaluated. Selection bias is also possible, as sampling was time based and was not a probability sampling. Due to smaller sample size, sampling method, and the tertiary clinic setting of the study, generalizations to other groups of patients are unwarranted. Only plaque psoriasis was included in this study; other varieties of psoriasis may have different clinical and psychiatric correlates.
After patients with psoriasis are examined and treated by dermatologists, they should be screened for psychiatric, cardiac, and metabolic comorbidities.
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Health-related quality of life should also be estimated in all psoriasis patients. Liaison clinics should be set up in all dermatology departments. Dermatologists should be made aware of the psychiatric complications of psoriasis during their training. A system of active integrated management of psoriasis and comorbidities, both medical and psychiatric, should be developed and evaluated.
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Published online Jun Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received Jan 19; Accepted Nov This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Open in a separate window. Sampling The sampling technique was nonprobability, convenient, and purposive.
Data and Instruments The 7 sociodemographic variables in this study included gender, employment status, residence, age, marriage years, current income, and education level. Analysis Descriptive and clinical statistics were first calculated. Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Constant Potential conflicts of interest: The risk of stroke in patients with psoriasis. Pathogenesis and clinical features of psoriasis.
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Quality of life assessment: Salad greens, such as spinach, Swiss chard, and kale, as well as broccoli and cabbage, are full of rich vitamins and minerals. Studies have shown that they contain special immune-boosting compounds too. Filling your plate with these nutritious foods may help protect you from unwanted viruses, pollens, and more. When you have psoriasis, the last thing you want to do is rub an alcohol-based sanitizer on your hands. While this formula can be a convenient way to wash away germs, it can be irritating for people with psoriasis.
Washing your hands with plain water and old-fashioned soap is always best, but essential oil and all-natural hand sanitizers are also available. Ask your dermatologist about the best products for you. What do curry, yellow rice, and golden milk have in common? Research has shown that this spice may also help boost immune health.
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Try sprinkling it on baked chicken or fish to give it some added color and flavor, or make your own DIY face mask with flour, milk, and honey for some instant, soothing relief. Regular exercise is a key part of healthy living, which means staying well and in tip-top shape. But if you have psoriasis, sweating can be your worst nightmare and trigger more flare-ups. Fortunately, there are plenty of exercises that can keep you healthy without huffing and puffing. Lifting weights or taking a low-key cardio class are also worth a shot.
Having psoriasis and dealing with flare-ups at work can be stressful. Here's how to remain professional and dress accordingly. Go inside Natasha's life, and watch how open and comfortable she is in her own skin in this documentary-style video.